What Is Fashion?

Fashion is an evolving concept encompassing not only clothes, but also shoes, accessories and cosmetics. Fashion is a way of living and is highly connected to culture, lifestyle and society as a whole. In addition, fashion is a multifaceted industry that encompasses design, production, marketing and retailing. Throughout history, people have used clothing to communicate with others about their social status, ethnicity and identity. In a culture that values social status, fashionable dress is considered to be the mark of a wealthy and powerful individual. For this reason, people often work to keep up with the latest trends in clothing. In contrast, some people are more interested in expressing their own personality and style with their clothing choices. This can be accomplished by selecting garments that reflect their interests and values, as well as by incorporating elements of popular culture into their wardrobes. The rise of the modern fashion industry began in the mid-19th century, when the introduction of the sewing machine made it possible for mass production to occur. Previously, most clothing was handmade by individuals or on order from tailors and dressmakers. The fashion industry has a complex structure, with design and manufacturing taking place in different countries. Clothing may be designed in one country, produced in another, and sold in a third. The globalization of the fashion industry has brought increased competition and price pressures. While it is often assumed that changes in fashion are a response to cultural change, the reality is more complicated. The fashion industry also initiates its own clothing trends, often through merchandising. Designers create new styles to appeal to consumer desires, and the resulting shift in consumer taste can take years to fully develop. It is important for those interested in a career in fashion to understand how the industry works. A strong knowledge of the history of fashion can help someone to identify incoming and outgoing trends. This can be helpful in developing new products and achieving success in the fashion industry. Some fashion trends are created by famous individuals, such as musicians or celebrities. Others are created by designers who attempt to forecast future consumer tastes. These trends can be influenced by social or political events, or can simply be the result of the designer’s desire to make money. There are many benefits to being a fashion forward person. Those who are well-dressed and have good style are usually well-liked by society and their close friends. They are also perceived as having a positive outlook on life. It is important for everyone to have some appreciation for fashion and the ability to express their own personal style with their clothing choices. Those who do not take pride in their appearance or follow fashion trends are often looked down upon by those around them. This is why it is so important to be fashion-forward and stay on top of the latest trends in clothing and other accessories. This will ensure that you are always looking your best and presenting yourself in the most stylish way possible.

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How Perfume Is Created

If you love spritzing on a few sprays of your favorite perfume before heading out the door, you’re not alone. After all, perfume is one of the simplest — yet most luxurious — little pleasures in life. The right scent can leave a lasting impression on those who encounter you and evoke memories of special occasions and simple everyday moments, like walking through a field of flowers or sipping a glass of wine with a loved one. Perfume is a combination of fragrant oils, aroma compounds and fixatives in liquid form that is used to give the body, food, objects and living-spaces an agreeable smell. It’s a complex mix of chemicals that linger on your skin (and the clothes you wear) for hours. Scents can be extracted from both plant and animal sources, although the latter are less common. The ingredients are blended according to a formula that has been predetermined by a master perfumer who is known in the industry as a nose. A “nose” works with a number of different essential oils and extracts to create a fragrance, and they spend years perfecting their work. Once the scents are determined, they are mixed with a solvent that makes the perfume light and easy to apply. Then the perfume is aged so the scents can settle and develop. During this process, the perfume can undergo additional testing to ensure it’s free from harmful ingredients or toxins. The first scent to emerge from a perfume is called the top note, and it’s often the strongest. It lasts a few minutes before dissipating, and it’s what gives the perfume its initial impression. Top notes include citrus, herbaceous, floral or woody odors. The middle note is more subtle, and it comes to prominence two or more minutes after the top notes have evaporated. This is where the essence of a perfume starts to really come through and may include bergamot, jasmine or rose. Some middle notes are more musky or smoky, and they can be derived from ingredients such as civet, ambergris, musk, castor or ylang-ylang. Perfumes with base notes tend to be the most enduring, and they’re usually made of natural or synthetic elements such as coumarin, ambergris, hedione, thuja oil, frankincense, myrrh or ylang-ylang. These are the underlying scents that help the perfume last throughout the day and can be found in everything from sandalwood to patchouli and amber. Scents can go bad over time, and the best way to tell is if they start to smell sour or metallic. It’s also a good idea to keep perfume away from heat, light and oxygen, as well as storing it in a cool, dark place.

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Victoria Secret Isn’t Keeping Up With the Times

When most people hear the name “Victoria Secret,” they envision a parade of naughty, naked supermodels—Gisele Bundchen, Tyra Banks and Karlie Kloss—strutting down a runway wearing lingerie, g-strings and 60-pound angel wings. That is the definition of sexiness that the company has pushed since it was founded in 1977. But in recent years, the brand has struggled to keep up with changing times and a shifting cultural landscape that rejects its depiction of women as objectified and hypersexualized. The company has dropped the controversial Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show; replaced its Angels with a roster of VS Collective models including soccer star Megan Rapinoe, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra Jonas and plus-size model Paloma Elsesser; expanded its size range; and developed products it previously neglected to make, such as nursing bras and mastectomy bras. And in 2022, its founder, Leslie Wexner, stepped down as Chairman of parent company L Brands. But even though Victoria’s Secret has changed, it isn’t succeeding in convincing shoppers that its new messages are authentic. Sierra Mariela, a sophomore at the University of Pennsylvania, said she hasn’t set foot in one of the company’s stores in years because she is turned off by its messaging. She said she prefers to shop for lingerie at Target or on Depop, a private marketplace that sells used lingerie. The company’s sales have dipped despite the rebrand, which came amid a series of scandals that have left it trailing the culture around it. Its founder’s close ties to convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein were revealed in 2019 and its then-chief marketing officer, Ed Razek, insulted transgender women in a Vogue interview. A bombshell Hulu documentary in 2022 connected the dots between sex-offender Epstein and a number of the company’s former catwalk models, igniting the #MeToo movement and resulting in an exodus of talent. In addition to the rebrand, the company has made an effort to reduce promotional activities that were draining its bottom line. But sales have still not recovered to their previous levels, and discounts have crept back in stores and on the website. The discounts were originally meant to move inventory and get customers excited about the upcoming line-up of bras, panties and other undergarments. Those efforts may help the company get out of its rut, but it will be a tough slog to convince consumers that it is truly on their side. For most shoppers, the name of a company isn’t enough to trust it with their money, especially when it seems to be in a constant state of crisis and defensiveness. The lingerie giant’s latest attempt to win over shoppers might be its biggest yet: It is letting consumers choose which lingerie they want in their sizes—a rare concept for an industry known for its extreme sizing standards. It is also focusing on more realistic and inclusive advertising campaigns, and making the shopping experience better for its global customers. It now uses a company called eShopWorld, which manages everything from checkout to payment processing and delivery for international orders.

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Women Perfume – Boost Confidence and Leave a Lasting Impression

Fragrance is a powerful tool that can be used to communicate one’s personal style and create positive feelings. Choosing a women perfume that is unique to your individual personality and body chemistry, can help to boost confidence and leave a lasting impression. Whether you’re shopping for yourself or another, there is a women’s fragrance that will suit any occasion or mood. Some perfumes are considered to be more feminine than others, and the way a fragrance is formulated can make it masculine or feminine. In general, fragrances that have heavier and darker tones are considered to lean more toward the masculine side while lighter and floral scents are considered more feminine. Some of the most popular perfumes for women include Dior J’adore, Thierry Mugler Angel, Viktor & Rolf Flowerbomb, Gucci Bloom, and Tom Ford Black Orchid. A perfume’s longevity can vary depending on the quality of the scent and its concentration. Generally, a high-quality and well-maintained bottle of perfume can last for up to five years. The fragrance’s lifespan can also be impacted by the weather, as warm air can amplify the aroma and make it more noticeable. Besides acting as a signature scent, perfume can be an important reminder of happy memories or a special person. This is why many women wear their mother’s perfume as a way to connect with her. Perfume can also function as a natural aphrodisiac, and certain fragrances are known to trigger certain emotions in people. For example, lavender is a mood-enhancing scent that can calm the nervous system and promote relaxation, while citrus scents can increase alertness. If you’re looking for a perfume that is sure to get compliments, look no further than this collection of the best perfume for women. From classic favorites to modern masterpieces, these perfumes will have you turning heads with their alluring aromas. The right perfume can make any woman feel confident and empowered.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of oils that can be used to give a product or a room a pleasant aroma. These oils can be natural or synthetic. Fragrance is often used in perfumes, colognes, and other products to give them a distinctive smell. Fragrance is used for a variety of reasons, such as promoting health or increasing attractiveness. Fragrance can also help create a specific mood or emotion. For example, a perfume with strong notes of jasmine can be used to promote relaxation. Perfumes have been created and worn for thousands of years. Archaeological excavations and ancient texts show that perfume was used in some of the earliest human civilizations. The Romans were particularly fond of perfumes, and gladiators used scented creams to enhance their appearance before battle. Later, as Christianity emerged with its severe and simple attitudes toward adornment, the use of perfume fell out of favor. Nevertheless, in the 20th century, perfumes returned to popularity, and the art of perfumery became an international industry. Modern perfumes are classified according to their concentration level, the scent family they belong to, and the individual fragrance notes within them. The highest concentration level is parfum, which contains up to 30% of the aromatic compounds found in a perfume; eau de parfum consists of 8-15% of these compounds; eau de toilette has 4% to 8%, and eau de cologne has 2% or less. The scents of a perfume can be described in terms of top, middle, and base notes. Top notes are the initial scents that appear right after a perfume is applied to the skin. These include citrus, fruity, and herbal scents. Middle notes are the scents that emerge after the top notes fade, and they can consist of floral, woody, or spicy smells. These are the main scents in a perfume, and they provide its structure. Base notes are the final scents that appear when the middle notes disappear, and they usually add depth to the perfume. These can include tobacco, amber, and musk. Fragrance manufacturers use complex chemical compositions to produce the fragrances in their products, and these compounds can be natural or synthetic. They must pass rigorous testing to be approved for use in perfumes. These tests, which are carried out by the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) and Research Institute of Fragrance Materials (RIFM), include hazard identification, dosing and exposure assessment, and skin sensitivity. Historically, many perfumes have been praised for their sexual and anal odors. The great French perfumer Jacques Guerlain once claimed that a perfume should smell like “the underside of my mistress,” and his Jicky and Shalimar fragrances are renowned for their indolic qualities. Christian Dior’s perfume called Eternity was allegedly formulated to smell like a woman’s anal region, and some of the more raunchy perfumes of the 1980s were laden with synthetic fecal notes. While anecdotal accounts of perfume as a chemosignal for attraction and reward are abundant, little empirical research has been done on perfume from a neurobiological or behavioral perspective.

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Factors That Influence Fashion

Fashion is the way people dress and can be considered a type of style or a set of rules about how to wear clothes. It can also refer to the trends in art, music and culture. The concept of fashion changes over time as different eras and social movements come and go. The way people dress can influence how they are perceived by others and can be a reflection of their lifestyle or personality. There are many things that can influence fashion, including celebrities, magazines, newspapers, television shows, websites, and other forms of media. The most common influencers are musicians and other cultural icons, like actors and athletes. People tend to follow the fashion of these individuals because they admire them or want to be like them. People may also follow the fashion of their friends or family members. This trend is known as peer pressure. Clothing brands and designers are another important factor that can affect fashion. They often create lines of clothes that reflect popular styles and colors. Then they sell those clothes to stores or online. Some popular clothing brands and designers include Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, Coach, Vans, Nike, Marc Jacobs, Tom Ford, Alexander Wang, Kate Spade, and Vera Wang. Some designers even have their own line of fast-fashion stores, where they can produce clothes quickly and cheaply to appeal to a wide audience. The media plays a role in fashion by providing information about new trends and styles. For example, news about a celebrity wearing a certain item of clothing can cause a sudden spike in sales for that particular item. Other forms of media that can influence fashion include magazines, television shows, and fashion blogs. Fashion blogs and social media have become especially influential because they can spread trends and ideas quickly. It is commonly believed that fashions change as a result of societal changes or because of the financial interests of fashion designers and manufacturers. However, recent research suggests that there are other factors at play. For example, some researchers have found that children’s first names can be influenced by the fashions of their parents’ generation. People can also create their own styles and trends by wearing different types of clothes. They can do this by choosing the styles that they like or by copying the styles of celebrities or other people. Some fashions also have a historical basis, with designers revisiting or recreating styles from the past. For example, in the 1940s, some people began to wear long skirts and sweaters, which resembled the robe-like garments worn by the Chinese women of the Qipao. The style later became popular again as designers adapted the fabric to make body-hugging dresses. This adaptation allowed them to be worn over leggings and pants. In some cases, these reworkings of previous fashions can help to keep the industry growing and moving forward instead of stagnating. This is why some fashion experts believe that it is a good thing that some fashions are copied and reused.

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What’s Hot This Year for Perfume

Fragrance is one of the most personal beauty products out there—and it can also make a fantastic gift. Last year during the holiday season, perfumes were purchased at a rate double that of any other beauty product. And there are plenty of reasons to invest in a new bottle of fragrance, not least of which is that the right scent can elevate an outfit, boost your mood and even improve your skin. But before you buy, make sure to take a moment to consider your skin type. Fragrance molecules tend to bind with well-hydrated skin, which is why it’s important to moisturize regularly. Plus, rubbing a perfume on your skin can actually degrade its molecules—it’s best to spray on the inside of your wrists and behind your ears (or the back of your neck and decolletage) and rub them in, rather than directly onto your clothes. As far as perfumes go, you’re likely to find yourself leaning toward floral and woody scents this year. Traditionally, these are the most popular perfumes for women. And they are also the most versatile and universal. “They’re great for both everyday wear and special occasions because they can be worn with any style,” says Eduardo Valadez, a self-described perfume junkie with more than 20 years under his belt working at French fragrance house Diptque. “And you can even layer them with other perfumes to create a completely new fragrance.” When it comes to floral perfumes, Chanel No. 5 sent a shockwave when it debuted in 1921. Its combination of fresh, green lily and delicate rose is instantly recognizable. Another of our favorites is Guerlain’s Les Exclusifs, which is a modern interpretation of a classic, feminine perfume. This scent is rich and decadent, with notes of orange blossom and jasmine paired with warm nuances of musk and sandalwood. A perfume’s middle and base notes usually carry a heavier weight and add more complexity to the overall smell. For example, a woody scent could include cedarwood or labdanum. These can also be a good option for people with sensitive skin, which tends to be less reactive to fragrances. Lastly, you should also keep in mind the time and place of your perfume purchase. You’ll want to choose a lighter scent for daytime and something more intense for nighttime. A perfume infused with tonka bean and vanilla is a great option for nighttime, as is Tom Ford’s Tobacco Vanille, which has just the slightest hint of tobacco. Then there’s a fragrance inspired by the American West, which would work well for a day hike or evening drinks with friends. And a perfume that captures the spirit of a city, like Paris for Women by Cartier, is a fitting pick for date night. This perfume has a sultry smokiness that’s balanced by sweet citrus notes and musk. And its gilded glass vessel looks chic on your vanity.

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Victoria’s Secret Must Address Legacy Issues

When Victoria’s Secret was founded in 1977, founder Roy Raymond envisioned it as a refined lingerie brand with stores that evoked Victorian boudoirs. But by the 1990s, he had lost his way, and the retailer’s image became increasingly raunchy as it tried to meet the appetite for a new generation of women who wanted to reclaim their sexuality. The result was a tumultuous decade of decline that left Victoria’s Secret struggling to hold on to its core customers as it lost market share to upstart competitors like Aerie and La Perla. It’s been a long road back to profitability for the company. But the company is on the right track, boosted by its successful launch of the inaugural Victoria’s Secret World Tour in 2022 and efforts to change its marketing strategy from the supercharged sexy model that drew the attention of only the most fervent fans in years past. That includes highlighting fuller-figure models in ads and store mannequins, as well as expanding into more comfortable sports bras and mastectomy bras. It also revamped its fashion show, ditching the supermodel “Angels” in favor of a diverse group of ambassadors like actresses Priyanka Chopra and Emily Ratajkowski and US soccer star Megan Rapinoe. And the company’s newfound commitment to body positivity has proved especially resonant with the youngest female shoppers. Gen Zers — most of whom are teens or young adults — are known to vote with their wallets, supporting brands that reflect their social values and boycotting those that don’t. As a result, they’re flocking to brands that promote diversity and inclusivity, including the lingerie maker’s more feminine and empowering offerings. But if Victoria’s Secret’s attempt to embrace the new normal is going to work, it will need to address some serious legacy issues. In addition to a sexy ’90s-era reputation that hasn’t aged well, the company has a history of misogyny and abuse, from its founding father’s ties to sex offender Jeffrey Epstein to claims that it routinely exploited its models for nude photos that were published in limited-edition books. In 2022, a Matt Tyrnauer documentary and a book by Business of Fashion reporters laid out the company’s dark past in stark detail. Adding to that list of challenges is the fact that a challenged retail sector is driving consumers away from brick-and-mortar stores and into off-price options, where Victoria’s Secret has struggled to compete. As a result, the company has had to close some of its 250 Victoria’s Secret and Pink locations, and its same-store sales have been declining in recent years. Nonetheless, investors are optimistic about the brand’s turnaround efforts and the success of its new product lines. And if all goes according to plan, it may soon be time for the Angels to come out of hiding.

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10 Best Women’s Perfume

Perfume is one of the most powerful and bold ways to express yourself. It can set the mood, evoke memories, or make an unforgettable impression. Fragrance is also a universal language that can communicate personality, mood, and intentions. Whether you’re feeling bold and sophisticated or sweet and lovely, there’s a fragrance for everyone. As women, we’re often judged by the scents we choose to wear and have been taught that certain scents are considered to be feminine or masculine. However, as women’s roles and responsibilities have changed over the years so has our understanding of perfume and how it can be used to communicate different qualities and emotions. This has made perfume more accessible to women and men who want to feel confident, unique, and empowered through their scent. The best perfumes for women are those that complement their personal style and bring out the best in them. Our collection of perfume for women is a curated wardrobe that elevates the beauty and radiance in every woman. From classic to contemporary, our eau de parfum and eau de toilette fragrances reveal the olfactory facets of a fulfilled and radiant femininity: natural or sophisticated, spontaneous or refined, sunny or sultry. Whether you’re looking for a signature scent or a versatile everyday women’s perfume, these are the 10 best options according to experts and beauty editors. A fragrance icon: This timeless scent combines white flower notes and musks for an intoxicating symphony of aromas that embodies elegance and luxury. The iconic bottle, designed by Raymond Guerlain and crafted with a rare pink crystal that reflects the light, is a work of art in its own right. One of the most popular perfumes ever, this scent sold one bottle every five minutes in 2021. It’s a classic for a reason—its rich composition of vanilla and iris will have you feeling like royalty, no matter what your day holds. The perfect balance of sweet and bold, this floral-oriental fragrance will never go out of style. It’s an ideal choice for those who want to stand out in a crowd and is a great match for those with darker skin tones. Getting compliments: This perfume for women’s delicate and romantic blend of tuberose, jasmine, Rangoon creeper, and other precious florals is a true olfactory explosion that will leave you smelling fresh and alluring. This fragrance is a surefire way to receive the love and admiration you deserve. While there are general guidelines when choosing the best perfume, you should always let your instincts guide you and be open to trying new combinations that may surprise you. Perfume interacts with the individual chemistry of your body to create an entirely unique and intimate scent, and it’s a beautiful thing. Let Michel Germain’s womens perfume be your secret weapon, partner in passion, and key to unlocking a world of indelible experiences.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of chemicals that gives perfume and cologne its distinct scent. Companies that manufacture perfume or cologne buy fragrance mixtures from fragrance houses, which specialize in developing fragrance chemicals. A small number of these chemicals are natural, while the majority are synthetic. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) lists 3,059 ingredients in a wide variety of combinations. These chemicals may cause allergies and sensitivities. They can also be associated with reproductive and developmental toxicity, cancer, and other health problems. While federal laws require perfume manufacturers to list the ingredients on their products, they do not disclose individual fragrance chemicals in order to protect perfume trade secrets and to maintain confidentiality agreements with their suppliers. As a result, the public is unaware of most fragrance chemicals and their potential effects on health. Historically, perfumers used raw materials from roots, bark, flowers and other parts of plants that came from many regions of the world. They also used animal products, such as whale and civet cat oil. Today, the majority of perfumes and cologne contain chemical ingredients derived from petroleum, with some having as few as one or as many as 20 ingredients. Perfumes are classified by concentration level, scent family, and note composition. Perfume concentration levels include parfum, eau de parfum, eau de toilette, and eau de cologne. The higher the concentration of a perfume, the stronger its scent and the longer it lasts on the skin. A fragrance composition consists of three components that unfold over time: the top note, which is the first smell to emerge; the heart note, which is perceived just after the top note evaporates; and the base note, which is emitted for several hours after application. Notes are arranged in categories by scent families and subtypes, with traditional classification terms that have been in use since 1900. The most common scent families are Floral, Chypre, Fougere, Marine/Ozonic, Oriental, and Citrus [1,2]. Research on the psychological impact of fragrance has been limited to anecdotal evidence and experiments that examine hedonic perceptions of perfume and its relation to mood and personality. Studies of the reward system of the limbic brain, however, suggest that hedonically positive odors like perfume activate dopamine neurotransmitter transmission at the orbitofrontal cortex and amygdala. In addition to the euphoric effect of perfume, some people perceive it as a form of self-expression and social status symbol. For example, some women feel that a specific fragrance indicates an elegant personality, while others believe that it is a way to attract romantic partners. Other reasons for perfume usage are based on religious, cultural, and social beliefs. Perfume is a multibillion-dollar industry and its sales are increasing. It has become a part of the fashion culture, where it is worn as an accessory. In fact, the word “perfume” derives from the Persian term for flower (“ras al-bini”). The earliest references to perfume date back to 5000 BC. By the eighteenth century, a perfumed person was considered fashionable and refined. It was believed that the higher one’s class, the more expensive and sophisticated his or her perfume. Jacques Guerlain, for example, designed perfumes for the upper classes that were scented with fecal and anal smells.

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What Is Perfume?

A summer garden, tropical breeze, a steaming apple pie, the smell of rain — these and many other aromas are imbued in our lives with memories and associations. A well-chosen perfume can add to the impression of the person wearing it, and can also create a distinctive brand identity for a product or service. Perfume has a rich, colorful and fragrant history dating back to ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures. The word perfume is derived from the Latin word, perfumare, meaning: to smoke through. It is a combination of aromatic essential oils or compounds, fixatives and solvents that are used to give humans, animals, objects, foods and living spaces an agreeable scent. The earliest perfumes were made from natural substances, such as spices and flowers. Plant materials were painstakingly extracted, with the most common method being distillation. Thousands of kilos of flowers or plants may be needed to produce a kilo of essential oil, which is then diluted for use in perfumes. Modern perfumes are often synthesized and produced from chemicals, as they can be formulated much more quickly and economically. Fragrance is used in perfumes, soaps, talcum powders, cosmetics and deodorants and can be found in household cleaning products as well. However, some perfume ingredients can be harmful to health and the environment. Several perfume ingredients are known to cause contact dermatitis, an allergic reaction in the skin that can result in itching, swelling and redness. Some synthetic fragrances are also carcinogenic. For this reason, manufacturers have developed a variety of fragrances that are safer for human use. These are called “green” fragrances. These are composed of a lower concentration of chemicals and fewer natural substances. The majority of fragrances, whether natural or synthetic, contain allergens that can trigger a sensitization response in some people. Affinity Groupings In order to distinguish between different types of fragrances, they are grouped into five categories: Floral, Oriental, Woody, Chypre and Fresh. The classifications are somewhat fluid, and a perfume can be assigned to more than one category. Perfumes are also classified according to their top notes, middle notes and base notes. The top note is the initial smell that the perfume gives off, the middle note is deeper and more complex, and the base notes are the longest-lasting of all the scents. There are a number of components that are used as blending and fixative agents in perfumes, which help to smooth out the transitions between the different notes. These include a variety of oils and extracts, such as ylang-ylang, linalool and hydroxycitronellal. Perfumes may also contain animal components such as musk, ambergris (lumps of oxidized fatty compounds secreted by the gland of the sperm whale) and narcissus oil.

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Victoria’s Secret Is Turning the Page on Its Sexy Image

Despite a rebrand that includes adding size-inclusive models and introducing a line of mastectomy bras, Victoria’s Secret has been struggling to attract new consumers. It faces a retail sector that has struggled with inflation, and a consumer base that is increasingly choosing off-price alternatives and focusing on budget items like workout clothes and underwear. But a few months ago, Victoria’s Secret announced that it was turning the page on its sexy image and would instead focus on “advocacy for women.” The company has also been updating its stores with brighter lighting and blush pink walls. It has also shifted its fashion show to feature plus-size models, disabled models, and transgender women. And it has been taking steps to promote its products through social media posts by female activists, entrepreneurs, and athletes. Ron Raymond opened the first Victoria’s Secret store in 1977 and soon launched a 42-page catalog that promised a “little bit of fantasy.” The lingerie brand became a cultural force in the ’80s and ’90s as malls transformed into proto-Instagrams. The Victoria’s Secret shows were a mix of runway and pole dance that appealed to men’s fantasies of prim Victorian ladies getting naughty in their boudoirs. The name was inspired by the Queen Victoria’s boudoir, which evoked both propriety and sex. The shows featured top model models like Heidi Klum and Tyra Banks strutting in G-strings and stilettos. But even as Victoria’s Secret expanded to become a household name, it was criticized for sexualizing young girls and encouraging women to feel pressured to buy more of their products. In one notorious case, a photographer who worked for the brand asked models to pose nude for him in additional shots and then compiled them into limited-edition books that he sold for thousands of dollars. In the wake of the #MeToo movement, Victoria’s Secret sales began to plummet and the company faced allegations of gender discrimination and sexual harassment. Its founder Leslie Wexner apologized in 2019 for his relationship with registered sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, who was convicted of sex trafficking. Wexner stepped down as CEO in 2020, and the company split into two companies a year later. In 2021, Victoria’s Secret was spun off from L Brands as a standalone public company. In that same year, a Hulu documentary series called “Angels and Demons” shook the company’s reputation further with its detailed account of Wexner’s ties to Epstein and questions about the nature of their relationship. It also delved into the sex-themed underwear the brand was selling to underage girls. The company has worked hard to recover in the years since, but reversing the damage won’t be easy.

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The Evolution of Women Perfume

A perfume is a defining part of one’s personal style and can serve as an olfactory imprint of oneself for those who encounter it. As such, it’s important to select a fragrance that is uniquely feminine and elevates your mood and confidence when worn. It can also be an investment, as you will likely wear your scent often and may wish to find a signature aroma that will remain with you for years. The way a perfume is crafted and brewed often determines whether it leans toward masculine or feminine tones, with those that are heavier with more musky or woody tones usually being considered as more masculine perfumes while those that are lighter and more floral or fruity tending to be taken as more feminine scents. However, because of the complexity and nuance of perfumery, it is not uncommon for a fragrance that is labeled as masculine to smell incredibly feminine when worn by the right woman, or vice versa. In the 1930s, perfumery underwent a significant shift: the rise of women’s rights meant that young girls no longer wanted to smell like their grandmothers, and perfumers responded by creating more complex and daring compositions that were connected to the glamour and sophistication of Hollywood. This was embodied in the scent Chanel No. 5, with its sultry blend of rose and jasmine, topped with sandalwood. This is a fragrance that was made for the bold and beautiful, and whose iconic bottle, designed by Elsa Peretti, is regarded as an icon of modern perfumery. The 1980s ushered in the era of power dressing and successful career women, and as such, perfumes became more sophisticated with darker scents that reflected the strength and confidence of these new role models. This is an era embodied by Halston’s Femme, with its blend of patchouli and musk, and the innovative use of a chemical called dihydromyrcenol to create the fragrance’s unique sillage. This is a perfume that could be worn by the most accomplished of businesswomen and still not feel overbearing or heavy, but still manages to be intoxicating and irresistible. Today, perfumes continue to evolve and expand in complexity and variety. These 46 perfumes for women offer a range of price points, bottle sizes and fragrance concentrations to suit every personality, with varying tones, florals and musky scents to choose from. This is a sultry and evocative blend of white flowers, lily, orchid, and tiare, combined with patchouli and sandalwood for a rich, sensuous aroma that will last all day. The bottle is beautifully adorned with gold and crystals, making it a luxe addition to any beauty routine. Inspired by the healing properties of herbal medicine, Yasmin Sewell created a collection of perfumes that are not only fragrant and uplifting, but contain Herkimer diamonds energized by healer Louisa Mita for added benefits. This is a fresh and floral scent that is great for daytime, and can easily be layered with other fragrances for night time.

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Victoria’s Secret Makes a Credible Cultural Shift

A brand built on the idea that outer beauty matters more than inner strength has to shift its message to make a credible change. But doing so is easier said than done. And in a retail environment where consumers can switch brands easily and quickly, the effort to do so can be dangerous. The American retailer Victoria’s Secret is best known for its lingerie and related apparel but also sells fragrance, body care, hosiery and accessories. Its headquarters are in Columbus, Ohio and it operates 789 stores and distributes its catalogue throughout the United States and Canada. The brand is owned by Intimate Brands Inc, a publicly-traded company. Its history dates back to 1977, when founder Roy Raymond opened his first store in Palo Alto, California. The store was named after the queen and Raymond envisioned his shops as Victorian-era boudoirs. He sold the business in 1982 to The Limited’s Leslie Wexner for $1 million. Wexner infused Victoria’s Secret with the glamour and snob appeal of European luxury, adding new colors, patterns and styles to the underwear collection while pushing the company to expand its retail footprint and marketing. In the early 1990s, he hired a group of top model spokeswomen—Stephanie Seymour, Karen Mulder, Daniela Pestova and Yasmeen Ghauri—to appear in advertising and to walk down the runway at the company’s fashion shows. They became known as the Angels, and they helped to transform Victoria’s Secret into a mainstay that sold broadly accepted underwear with an air of unattainable sexiness. For years, Victoria’s Secret bolstered its image with one big annual fashion show that drew billions of viewers worldwide. But the spectacle arguably became too reductive, with its parade of impossibly thin models clad in Swarovski-crystal covered wings and million dollar fantasy bras. And in the wake of a cultural shift and the rise of upstart competitors who incorporated diversity into their advertising, Victoria’s Secret’s narrow view of beauty seemed out of touch. Victoria’s Secret reworked its approach in 2018, with an annual TV special that was more arty than the runway extravaganza and that showcased non-models—such as singer and activist Malin Akerman, professional golfer Lexi Thompson and actresses Emma Stone and Amy Adams—alongside its Angels. The show also included a solemn pledge to advocate for women. The company also began partnering with organizations that specialize in the needs of disabled, transgender and plus-size people and launched inclusion resource groups for associates and their families. But in July, the company reverted to its more traditional marketing strategy and released a campaign featuring Bella Hadid and other top model types in bikinis that was met with both praise and criticism. It was the latest in a series of campaigns that critics say have taken a page from the Kim Kardashian playbook and push a “body dysmorphia” agenda to young women.

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WWD’s Best Women Perfume

If there’s one beauty product that can elevate any outfit, it’s a classic perfume for women. Whether it stirs up nostalgic memories of your mom’s signature scent or your childhood perfume, a signature fragrance is like a little piece of luxury that’s part of every woman’s daily routine. From fresh florals to musky aromas, WWD’s best perfume for women are irresistible and timeless. With a variety of bottle sizes and fragrance concentrations, finding the perfect women perfume can be confusing. To help, we’ve rounded up the best scents for women of all ages, from an affordable fragrance duo that’ll fit in your purse to a splurge-worthy bottle you’ll want to keep on your vanity. 1. Chanel No. 5 A true icon, this perfume for women is a must-have in every fragrance collection. Its subtle, powdery scent was considered a symbol of femininity when it first launched in 1921 and has since become a staple of many women’s closets. 2. Calvin Klein CK One A refreshing scent for women that’s a must-have in any perfume lineup, this light and airy fragrance opens with a burst of citrus and tropical fruits. This fresh perfume for women also includes notes of green tea and cardamom that add a subtle savory touch. This perfume is great for daytime wear, and it can easily be layered to create a more sultry nighttime aroma. 3. Lancome La Vie Est Belle The bestselling perfume for women from this iconic French label is the definition of alluring. Its enchanting blend of feminine jasmine sambac and bubbling orange blossom is balanced by iris and praline to capture the essence of beauty. This fragrance for women is truly unforgettable and always elicits compliments from those who meet you. 4. Gucci Bloom If happiness could be bottled, it would smell just like this. This floral perfume for women combines tuberose, jasmine and Rangoon creeper to create an exquisite symphony that exudes radiance and joy. Described as a “floral fantasy,” this perfume for women is the perfect romantic scent and will instantly transport you to a dreamy place. 5. Dior J’adore A perfume for women that was promoted by Charlize Theron in a sultry commercial, this classic fragrance is a musk-and-amber blend that’s both elegant and sensual. The fragrance contains hints of saffron and vanilla that give it an exotic twist, but its musk base is what truly makes this scent one of the best perfumes for women. 6. Jo Malone London Peony & Blush Suede The latest addition to the British brand’s fragrance portfolio is this invigorating and uplifting perfume for women. Its floral scent combines fresh peony and blush suede to create a playful and feminine aroma that’s the epitome of charm. This perfume for women is perfect for a date night and will have your loved ones swooning.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of oils or aromatic compounds that produce a distinct smell. Perfume, cologne, and essential oil are examples of cosmetic fragrances used to produce a pleasant smell that can be applied to the skin or to other objects. Fragrance can also be used in scented products such as soap, bath and body sprays, detergents, deodorants, and fabric softeners. Several studies have shown that perfume can have psychological and physical benefits, including decreasing anxiety and stress levels, increasing cognitive function, and increasing pain tolerance. The use of perfume has also been linked to social status and attractiveness, and the perception that a person who wears a particular scent is healthier and more successful. The olfactory system is a complex sensory organ that has the ability to recognize more than 100,000 different fragrances. The structure of a perfume can be described using musical metaphors: it has three structural parts, known as “notes” that unfold over time. The top note produces the first impression of the scent, and consists of small light molecules with high volatility that evaporate quickly. The middle note masks any unpleasant initial impression and provides the core of the scent, and is comprised of more complex molecules that are more mellow and rounded. Finally, the base note provides a lasting impression of the fragrance, and is made up of large molecules that give the fragrance its body. Most fragrances are created by combining natural raw materials and synthetic chemicals to produce the desired scent. Companies that manufacture perfume and cologne purchase their fragrance mixtures from fragrance houses (companies that specialize in developing perfume) and add additional ingredients like solvents, stabilizers, UV-absorbers, and preservatives. Fragrance chemicals may be derived from petroleum or natural raw materials, and they are typically listed under the generic term of “fragrance”. There are many reasons why people choose a particular perfume: to convey a specific mood or image, to attract others, or simply to make themselves feel good. The selection of a perfume is therefore a highly personal choice that is influenced by cultural, social, and biological factors. Creating great fragrance is as much an art as it is a science. Scentsy’s Fragrance Development Team is a group of talented experts that make the creative decisions to turn our customers’ scent ideas into beloved Scentsy products. The interaction between a stimulus and the response it evokes is known as classical conditioning. The question of whether or not perfume is a reinforcer is based on the fact that it is often used as a reward for behaviors, and that certain perfumes are associated with romantic partners. However, little empirical research has investigated the reinforcing potential of perfume, and it is difficult to determine if a particular perfume would act as a classical reinforcer if paired with another neutral stimulus.

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How Fashion Affects People Around the World

Fashion is a multifaceted industry that encompasses clothing, footwear, accessories and cosmetics. It is a means of self-expression, an art form and a cultural process that reflects social changes. In addition, it plays a significant role in the global economy, creating jobs for designers, manufacturers, retailers, and other industry professionals. Fashion influences people in all walks of life, from celebrities to common citizens. The history of fashion can be traced back as far as the beginning of human civilization. The earliest forms of clothes served functional purposes such as protecting the body from the elements and gratifying vanity, but over time they evolved into more sophisticated apparel. The development of the modern garment industry was a result of the need for more practical and comfortable clothing. In the 1700s, people in France pored over fashion magazines and sketches to see what the latest styles were. Throughout the centuries, fashion has become an important symbol of status, allowing men and women to distinguish themselves from others. It has also been used as a tool for communication, indicating a person’s age, social class and occupation. Fashion has also been used as a means of social protest. For example, the miniskirt became a symbol of female liberation during the 1960s, while cassocks and nuns’ dresses symbolized renunciation of vanity. In contemporary times, fashion is a multibillion dollar industry that reflects societal and cultural dynamics through the creation of clothes and accessories. It is influenced by a wide range of factors, including social and cultural movements, economic conditions, and availability of raw materials. The industry also employs millions of people around the world, making it one of the world’s largest employers. Some types of clothing are considered classics, while others quickly go out of style. Designers may put as much work into designing a simple black t-shirt as they would on a stunning ballroom gown. This is due to the fact that fashion is a subjective field and what’s in style one day might be out of style the next. A person’s sense of style is often influenced by his or her culture, family background and other personal traits. Celebrities and public figures can influence fashion through their taste and choices, as can the media. For instance, in the 1990s, the grunge rock movement influenced the fashion industry through the use of loose flannel shirts and torn jeans. The fashion industry also depends on the media to communicate new trends and educate consumers about what is in style. This is why magazines, newspapers, television shows and online platforms play such an integral part in the industry. In addition, blogs and TikTok videos are becoming increasingly popular for sharing fashion tips. The fashion industry has also incorporated sustainability into its design philosophy. Sustainable fashion is about more than just reducing the amount of resources used to produce clothes; it is also about changing consumer behavior and raising awareness about environmental and social issues.

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8 Situs Togel Terpercaya Deposit Pulsa Tanpa Potongan

Selamat datang di artikel kami yang terbaru! Kali ini, kita akan membahas tentang situs-situs togel terpercaya yang menerima deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. Bagi para pecinta togel, kemudahan dan kecepatan dalam melakukan deposit adalah hal yang sangat penting. Oleh karena itu, kami telah mengumpulkan beberapa situs togel terpercaya yang menerima deposit via pulsa tanpa ada potongan. Salah satu situs yang kami rekomendasikan adalah Kudatogel. Situs ini menawarkan berbagai opsi deposit pulsa dengan nilai deposit rendah mulai dari 10rb tanpa adanya potongan. Dengan adanya opsi ini, para pemain togel dapat lebih fleksibel dalam mengatur jumlah deposit sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan budget mereka. Selain itu, Kudatogel juga menawarkan transaksi deposit via pulsa dengan nominal 100 perak tanpa potongan, yang sangat cocok bagi pemain togel yang ingin bermain dengan modal kecil. Kami juga menemukan beberapa situs lainnya yang menerima deposit togel via pulsa tanpa potongan. Dengan menggunakan layanan ini, para pemain tidak perlu repot-repot melakukan transfer bank atau membayar potongan tambahan. Anda dapat dengan mudah mengisi saldo akun togel Anda dengan pulsa yang Anda miliki. Beberapa dari situs-situs ini juga menawarkan layanan daftar togel secara sederhana dan cepat, sehingga Anda bisa langsung memulai permainan togel tanpa hambatan. Jadi, jika Anda mencari situs togel terpercaya yang menerima deposit pulsa tanpa potongan, pastikan untuk mempertimbangkan beberapa pilihan situs yang kami rekomendasikan. https://www.phffi.org/ Dengan adanya layanan ini, Anda dapat menikmati permainan togel dengan lebih nyaman dan mudah. Selamat bermain dan semoga keberuntungan selalu menyertai Anda! 8 Situs Togel Terpercaya Deposit Pulsa Tanpa Potongan Saat ini, semakin banyak situs togel terpercaya yang menyediakan layanan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. Menariknya, ada beberapa situs yang bahkan memberikan opsi deposit pulsa dengan nominal rendah, seperti 10rb tanpa potongan. Jadi, apakah Anda penggemar togel dan tertarik untuk mencoba deposit via pulsa? Berikut ini adalah 8 situs togel terpercaya yang bisa Anda pertimbangkan. KudaTogelSitus togel online ini menawarkan berbagai jenis togel dengan opsi deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. KudaTogel juga menyediakan layanan deposit pulsa dengan nominal rendah, seperti 10rb tanpa potongan. Dengan reputasi yang baik dan banyaknya opsi permainan, KudaTogel menjadi salah satu pilihan terbaik untuk Anda yang ingin bermain togel via pulsa. BO TogelBO Togel merupakan situs togel terpercaya yang menyediakan layanan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. Selain itu, BO Togel juga menawarkan opsi deposit pulsa dengan nominal rendah dan berbagai jenis permainan togel yang menarik. Keamanan dan kenyamanan menjadi prioritas utama di situs ini. Togel PulsaSitus togel ini memberikan kemudahan bagi para pemain yang ingin melakukan deposit via pulsa tanpa potongan. Togel Pulsa juga menyediakan opsi deposit pulsa dengan nominal rendah serta berbagai pilihan jenis permainan togel. Dengan fitur-fitur yang lengkap dan tampilan yang user-friendly, Togel Pulsa menjadi alternatif yang menarik. Teruskan membaca artikel ini untuk mengetahui empat situs togel terpercaya lainnya yang menawarkan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. Dengan memilih situs yang tepat, Anda dapat menikmati pengalaman bermain togel yang menyenangkan dan menguntungkan. Togel Deposit Pulsa Tanpa Potongan: Keunggulan dan Cara Bermain Keunggulan Togel Deposit Pulsa Tanpa Potongan Dalam dunia perjudian togel online, layanan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan menjadi salah satu keunggulan yang sangat dicari oleh para pemain. Keunggulan ini menarik perhatian banyak orang karena memberikan kemudahan dan kenyamanan saat melakukan deposit. Dengan tidak adanya potongan dalam setiap transaksi, pemain dapat memanfaatkan seluruh jumlah yang mereka depositkan untuk bermain togel. Hal ini memungkinkan mereka untuk memiliki lebih banyak kesempatan dalam meraih kemenangan. Selain itu, togel deposit pulsa tanpa potongan juga memberikan kecepatan dalam proses transaksi. Pemain dapat melakukan deposit kapan saja dan di mana saja menggunakan pulsa mereka. Tidak perlu lagi antri di ATM atau transfer melalui bank, yang memakan waktu dan tenaga. Dengan togel deposit pulsa, pemain dapat langsung mengisi saldo akun mereka dan segera memulai permainan. Cara Bermain Togel Deposit Pulsa Tanpa Potongan Untuk memulai bermain togel dengan menggunakan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan, langkah-langkahnya sangat sederhana. Pertama, pastikan Anda sudah mendaftar di situs togel yang menyediakan layanan ini. Salah satu situs terpercaya yang menyediakan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan adalah Kudatogel. Setelah mendaftar, Anda perlu mengisi saldo akun Anda dengan pulsa. Caranya adalah dengan mengirimkan pulsa ke nomor yang telah disediakan oleh situs togel. Setelah pulsa terkirim, saldo akun Anda akan terisi secara otomatis dalam waktu singkat. Setelah saldo akun terisi, Anda dapat memilih jenis taruhan dan angka-angka yang ingin Anda pasang. Pastikan untuk mempelajari berbagai jenis taruhan dan aturan mainnya agar Anda dapat memaksimalkan peluang kemenangan. Setelah selesai memasang taruhan, tunggu hasil pengundian dan lihat apakah angka yang Anda pilih keluar sebagai pemenang. Demikianlah cara bermain togel dengan menggunakan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. Semoga dengan adanya kemudahan ini, Anda dapat meraih kemenangan dan keuntungan dalam permainan togel online. Note: The above article is an example and does not promote or endorse any form of gambling. Kudatogel: Situs Togel Terpercaya dengan Deposit Pulsa Tanpa Potongan Kudatogel memiliki reputasi sebagai salah satu situs togel terpercaya yang menyediakan layanan deposit pulsa tanpa potongan. Dengan demikian, pengguna dapat dengan mudah melakukan transaksi tanpa harus khawatir akan adanya potongan yang mengurangi nilai deposit mereka. Bo togel deposit pulsa sebesar 10rb juga menjadi salah satu keunggulan yang ditawarkan oleh Kudatogel. Dengan minimal deposit yang terjangkau ini, pemain dapat mencoba peruntungan dengan modal yang lebih rendah sekaligus merasakan sensasi bermain togel secara online. Keberadaan deposit pulsa 10rb tanpa potongan ini tidak hanya memudahkan para pemain, tetapi juga menawarkan pengalaman bermain yang lebih hemat dan efisien. Kudatogel juga menerima deposit pulsa tanpa potongan melalui berbagai operator, termasuk togel pulsa. Hal ini memberikan pilihan lebih kepada pengguna, sehingga mereka dapat […]

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Making an Impression With Perfume

Perfume is more than just a fragrance – it can evoke memories and encapsulate your personality. Perfume can also be used as a way to make an impression, and it’s a great choice for those special occasions when you want to impress. A good perfume can add the finishing touch to your outfit, whether you’re headed to a job interview or going out to celebrate your anniversary. However, it’s important to choose the right scent for you. Not only does the type of perfume matter, but so does how much you apply and when you wear it. The perfume bottles we use today come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colors. Many of them are made of glass or crystal and feature creative designs. Perfume has become a fashion accessory, with the same cachet that designer clothes and accessories carry. Modern perfumes contain from ten to hundreds of ingredients. They can contain natural aromatic plant extracts or synthetic aromatic chemicals. They also may contain fixatives – natural or synthetic substances that slow down the evaporation rate of the perfume’s other ingredients and increase their longevity. Perfumes also contain solvents – alcohol-based solutions that dilute the perfume oils and allow them to be sprayed or poured on the skin. Most perfumes consist of three parts, or accords: top notes, middle notes and base notes. The top notes are the first smells that your nose detects, and they evaporate quickly. The middle notes are the lingering smells that remain from two minutes to one hour after you’ve applied a perfume, and the base notes are the lasting odors that your nose picks up on over time. The accords are further broken down into a group of olfactory categories, which have been likened to musical notes: citrus notes, floral notes and woody notes. When reviewing a perfume, writers often describe its notes using sensory words, such as ‘crisp’ or ‘fresh’ or’velvety’ versus’sharp’. These words are subjective and personal to the perfumer’s experience, but they are helpful in describing the olfactory qualities of the perfume. Reviewers might also refer to the occasion or season they think a particular perfume would work best for and offer a note on how it might be worn. They might also use a phrase like ‘light’ or ‘dark’, which refer to how strong or how mild the perfume is. Some people are allergic to certain smells, and this can be a consideration when choosing a perfume. In addition, the olfactory sense is affected by age, diet and medications. In addition to the perfume sprays and colognes we commonly associate with perfume, there are perfume pens, wipes, room sprays, reed diffusers and other items that can be used to refresh your scent throughout the day. These products are a convenient way to apply perfume and can be especially useful if you have allergies or if you’re travelling. In fact, the rise of the perfume pen has been attributed to the increased popularity of air travel.

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Victoria’s Secret Has Become Out of Touch in the Age of #MeToo

The name Victoria’s Secret evokes images of tall, slim supermodels–Gisele Bundchen, Tyra Banks, and Karlie Kloss, among others–walking the runway in bejeweled push-up bras, sheer bodysuits, and 60-pound angel wings. The company’s lingerie ads, and especially its annual fashion show–the most-viewed such event in television history–have long been accused of objectifying women and hypersexualizing them. And while the brand is still the largest lingerie retailer in North America, its reliance on an impossibly narrow definition of beauty and a lack of inclusion with respect to body size, race, and gender have made it look out of touch, even as upstart competitors like ThirdLove and Rihanna’s Savage Fenty gain market share. Lingerie is a niche industry in the luxury space, and it’s difficult to get people excited about a brand like Victoria’s Secret when there are so many other options. But in the early days, Victoria’s Secret made an effort to bring the upscale European lingerie aesthetic to the US by offering a range of colors and styles that promised “sexiness packaged in a tasteful, glamorous way.” When Les Wexner bought the company in 1982, the chain had five stores and a 40-page catalog. Within a decade, it had grown to dozens of locations and was selling more than a billion dollars in products each year. But by the end of the decade, sales were slipping and Wexner was ready to sell. Its biggest asset was its annual fashion catwalk extravaganza, where supermodels sashayed down the runway in Swarovski-crystal covered wings and thongs. But that image became increasingly controversial in the age of #MeToo and sexual harassment, especially after former VP Ed Razek caused an uproar in November by saying transgender and plus-size models were “a problem.” During the same time period, Victoria’s Secret began to lose market share to competitors such as ThirdLove and Savage Fenty. Last year, same-store sales slipped 3%, and the company’s stock slumped. Amid the slump, Wexner stepped down from his position as CEO, and Mehas was hired to turn things around. Mehas’ biggest challenge will be to revamp a marketing strategy that has become outdated and out of step with the times. He says he wants to focus on inclusivity and expand the brand’s product line beyond bras, underwear, and pyjamas. He plans to bring back swimwear and activewear, categories that the company exited in recent years in favor of lower-cost alternatives like Spanx. He also intends to increase the number of high-profile ambassadors and hire more people from diverse backgrounds. But critics say the company is moving too slowly and will find it hard to compete with upstart brands. In the meantime, shoppers are opting for off-price alternatives and even shopping on eBay or Depop, a private marketplace that sells used clothing.

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The Best Women Perfume For Women

For many women, perfume is one of life’s simplest and most enjoyable little pleasures. But finding a scent that works for you can be tricky, especially when sifting through thousands of options online and in stores. Fortunately, we’ve got you covered with the best perfumes for women that will leave your loved ones swooning. These picks—ranging in price from budget-friendly to a splurge—are sure to have you feeling like your most confident self with every spritz. Whether you’re searching for an affordable pick that delivers the perfect blend of floral and woody notes or a high-end fragrance that’s equal parts delicate and sensual, these women perfume have something to offer everyone. Plus, they’ll look great on your vanity or in a bottle you can share with your significant other. There’s something about a perfume that makes you feel confident without saying a word, and if you’re looking for the perfect one to elevate your daily routine, it’s important to find one that you love and will make a lasting impression on anyone who smells it. That’s why we rounded up the top perfumes that you can buy for yourself, your girlfriends or your significant other to show them just how much you really care. Jo Malone Peony & Blush Suede With a name that calls to mind powdery elixirs popular decades ago, this sultry Jo Malone London perfume is a modern take on femininity and romance. A feminine blend of rose and honey accents paired with fruity red apple notes and opposing suede, this women perfume is as alluring as it is sensual. Thierry Mugler Angel When it comes to fragrance, a good perfume is an investment that can last a lifetime—and can even be passed down to your children, so you can carry a piece of your favorite woman in your scent for years to come. But not all fragrances are created equal, and some scents can be more off-putting than others. That’s why some women have turned to wearing less perfume, with some citing the changing nature of romantic relationships and others blaming the popularity of potent scents. Beth Gillette, Beauty Editor at Cosmopolitan A beauty editor with more than a decade of experience, Beth Gillette is an expert on all things beauty and loves discovering new products. Her perfume tastes fall on the light and fresh side, with her favorites being Jo Malone’s Peony & Blush Suede and Juliette Has a Gun’s Femme. To help you find your own signature scent, she sifted through her collection of more than 100 perfumes to pick the 10 that you can buy for yourself.

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The Effects of Fragrance

Fragrance is a pleasant-smelling liquid which people put on their bodies to make themselves smell nice. Often, people also use fragrances in cleaning products. Many of the chemicals used to create fragrances are known to disrupt hormone systems and can cause allergic reactions in some people. Some are suspected or proven carcinogens, including styrene and phthalates. The fragrance industry is self-regulating, and currently the FDA does not require that all ingredients be listed on product labels. Fragrance chemicals are a major source of environmental pollution, as chemical vapors from perfume can contribute to air pollutants such as ozone and fine particulates. The scent of a person is an important social cue, and the use of perfume can help individuals differentiate themselves in the eyes of others. The perception of a person’s scent has been linked to a variety of emotional and behavioral responses, including sexual attraction and jealousy. The fragrance of a person’s skin can be altered by external influences such as temperature, food, and alcohol consumption. Despite its widespread use, very little research has been conducted on the psychological and neural effects of fragrance. Some anecdotal evidence suggests that perfume can induce pleasure, and it may increase the perceived attractiveness of a person. However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying these effects remain unknown, and it is not clear whether perfume has any reward-like properties. An important consideration in interpreting research on the effects of fragrance is that perfumes contain a wide range of chemical compounds, making it difficult to determine how they affect individual people. In addition, the effect of a particular perfume may be different depending on the context in which it is worn. For example, one study found that women rated a man’s natural body odor as more attractive than his artificial perfume. This finding could be explained by the fact that perfumes can mask a man’s natural body odor, which would otherwise indicate genetic incompatibility with a woman. Perfumes typically contain ten to hundreds of ingredients. These include essential oils and synthetic aromatic chemicals that can be classified by their structure (aldehydes, esters, terpenes, etc.). Other components of a perfume include fixatives, which slow the evaporation rate of the essential oil and enhance its stability; and solvents, which serve as the carrier for the scent. The composition of a perfume can be modified through various production methods, including maceration and enfleurage. The former involves soaking plant material in fat or oil, which serves as the solvent to capture the molecules. The latter technique involves laying the material on a tray and then extracting it with a solvent, such as ethanol. In the nineteenth century, perfume became associated with high fashion and social status. For instance, a French perfumer created a royal perfume for the aristocracy and a bourgeois perfume for the middle classes. The aristocracy favored rose and jasmine, while the middle class preferred lily and narcissus. During this period, it was customary to wear a small bottle of perfume in the hand and carry a larger bottle as a handbag accessory.

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Rahasia Kesuksesan Togel Macau: Hasil dan Prediksi Terlengkap!

Togel Macau telah menjadi permainan yang populer di kalangan pecinta judi di Indonesia. Sebagai salah satu pasaran togel terkenal, Macau Pools menawarkan kesempatan bagi para pemainnya untuk memperoleh keberuntungan dan meraih hadiah besar. Dengan keluaran Macau yang terupdate dan data pengeluaran Macau yang lengkap, pemain dapat melakukan prediksi yang akurat untuk meningkatkan peluang menang mereka. Setiap pemain togel pasti ingin mengetahui hasil dan prediksi terlengkap seputar Macau. Oleh karena itu, melihat data keluaran Macau hari ini memberikan pemain gambaran mengenai angka-angka yang sering muncul dan kejadian-kejadian terkini. Dengan demikian, mereka dapat merencanakan strategi bermain yang lebih matang dan berpotensi meraih Macau Prize serta hasil toto Macau yang menguntungkan. Dalam artikel kali ini, kami akan membahas lebih lanjut mengenai togel Macau, Macau Pools, keluaran Macau terbaru, data pengeluaran Macau, dan berbagai informasi penting lainnya. Simaklah dengan baik informasi yang kami sajikan sehingga Anda dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kesempatan Anda dalam bermain togel Macau. Jangan lewatkan kesempatan untuk meraih hadiah besar yang bisa mengubah hidup Anda. Mari kita lanjutkan dengan pembahasan tentang hasil dan prediksi terlengkap togel Macau! Hasil Togel Macau Terlengkap Di artikel ini, kami akan memberikan informasi terkini mengenai hasil togel Macau. Togel Macau merupakan salah satu permainan lotere yang sangat populer di Macau. Setiap hari, pemain togel Macau dapat menantikan keluaran angka-angka yang akan menjadi hasil dari permainan ini. Pengeluaran togel Macau biasanya dilakukan secara live atau langsung. Setiap harinya, keluaran togel Macau akan memberikan hasil yang terupdate untuk para pemainnya. Hasil dari pengeluaran togel Macau ini dapat ditemukan dalam macau pools atau sumber-sumber resmi lainnya. Data togel Macau sangat penting bagi pemain togel untuk dapat menganalisis dan mengembangkan strategi bermain mereka. Dengan mengetahui data keluaran togel Macau sebelumnya, pemain dapat memprediksi kemungkinan angka-angka yang akan keluar dan meningkatkan peluang mereka untuk memenangkan hadiah togel Macau. ### Prediksi Togel Macau Hari Ini Pada kesempatan kali ini, kami ingin memberikan prediksi togel Macau hari ini kepada pembaca setia kami. Dalam mencari prediksi yang akurat, tidaklah mudah. Namun, tim ahli kami telah melakukan pengamatan yang cermat terhadap data pengeluaran Macau dan beberapa faktor lainnya. Berdasarkan analisis kami, kami memprediksi bahwa angka yang berpotensi keluar pada togel Macau hari ini adalah 4, 8, 15, 23, 32, dan 39. Namun, seiring dengan sifat permainan togel yang tidak pasti, tetaplah diingat bahwa prediksi ini bukanlah kepastian absolut. Namun, prediksi ini bisa menjadi referensi bagi Anda dalam memilih angka-angka yang akan Anda pasang pada togel Macau hari ini. Kami menyarankan agar Anda tidak terlalu bergantung pada prediksi ini semata. Sebagai pemain togel yang cerdas, Anda tetap harus menggunakan intuisi dan menjaga kesabaran dalam memilih angka yang Anda pasang. Semoga prediksi togel Macau hari ini bisa membantu Anda dalam meraih kesuksesan dan keberuntungan dalam permainan togel ini. Tetaplah bijak dalam menggunakan prediksi ini dan selalu bertanggung jawab dalam bermain togel. Tips Rahasia untuk Meraih Kesuksesan di Togel Macau Sekarang kita akan melihat beberapa tips rahasia yang dapat membantu Anda meraih kesuksesan di Togel Macau. Dengan mengikuti tips ini, Anda dapat meningkatkan peluang Anda untuk meraih kemenangan yang menguntungkan. Pertama, penting untuk melakukan riset dan memahami data Macau dengan baik. Dengan mengumpulkan informasi yang akurat tentang keluaran Macau, pengeluaran Macau, dan data Macau hari ini, Anda dapat mengidentifikasi pola atau tren yang mungkin muncul dalam permainan togel. Dengan pemahaman yang mendalam tentang hasil dan prediksi Macau, Anda dapat membuat keputusan taruhan yang lebih cerdas. Selanjutnya, gunakan strategi yang tepat dalam memilih nomor togel Macau. Ada beberapa pendekatan yang dapat digunakan, seperti menggunakan angka favorit atau mencari angka yang sering muncul dalam hasil togel sebelumnya. Anda juga dapat menggabungkan metode ini dengan menggunakan prediksi togel terpercaya. Dengan memiliki strategi yang baik, Anda dapat meningkatkan peluang Anda untuk meraih hadiah toto Macau. Terakhir, kelola dengan bijak jumlah taruhan Anda. https://www.titanic1912.org/ Hindari terjebak dalam godaan untuk bertaruh terlalu banyak hanya dalam satu putaran. Ciptakanlah anggaran taruhan yang sesuai dengan kemampuan keuangan Anda dan tetap disiplin dalam menjalankannya. Dengan mengendalikan taruhan Anda dengan baik, Anda dapat menghindari kerugian yang besar dan meningkatkan peluang Anda untuk meraih kesuksesan dalam jangka panjang. Itulah beberapa tips rahasia untuk meraih kesuksesan di Togel Macau. Dengan mengikuti tips ini, semoga Anda dapat memperoleh hasil yang memuaskan dalam permainan togel Anda. Selamat mencoba dan semoga berhasil!

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The Benefits of Perfume

Whether you use it as a personal scent or to enhance your clothing, perfume can make a difference in the way that others perceive you. A wide variety of natural and synthetic chemicals are used to create the fragrances we know as perfume, and their use dates back thousands of years. Perfume is a combination of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents in liquid form that are applied to the skin for the purpose of emitting and diffusing a pleasant, often floral or fruity, odor. Some perfume ingredients are animal products, such as musk from the glands of a male deer or hyraceum from petrified Hyrax feces, while others come from plants or are manufactured in laboratories using a wide range of organic and inorganic chemicals. A perfume’s ingredients are mixed to create a fragrance that is characterized by three structural parts: top notes, middle notes, and base notes. Top notes are the initial, most-short-lived smells that your nose notices immediately after application. Middle notes are the heart of a perfume and provide the body, or sillage, of the scent. Base notes are the last smells that linger on your skin after evaporation, often lasting more than an hour or two. Fragrance notes are grouped into categories called families, with the most common being citrus, floral, and herbal. Some perfumes also contain blending and fixing agents that smooth the transitions between the different layers of a perfume. Many of these are derived from plant-based aromatics, such as linalool and hydroxycitronellal, while others are produced synthetically. These odorants are used as a replacement for expensive botanical materials, such as the tincture of coriander seeds and its extracts (petitgrain oil, neroli oil, and orange oil). Synthetic aroma chemicals are sometimes preferred because they can be more closely matched to a particular scent concept than their natural counterparts. For example, a synthetic compound called Calone imparts the fresh, ozonous metallic marine scent that is popular in modern perfumes. In addition to smelling good, there is some evidence that perfume can help to boost confidence, alleviate anxiety and depression, and increase self-esteem. It can also have a social and cultural significance; many women recollect their mother’s signature scent, and people tend to associate certain fragrances with certain individuals they have known for a long time. While no scientific research has yet been done to verify a claim that perfume can cure illness, it is known that the wearing of a perfume can cause allergic contact dermatitis in some people, especially those with sensitive skin. Fragrance-containing cosmetics are the second leading cause of such dermatitis, after irritant contact dermatitis. Perfumes are particularly hazardous to children, because they tend to have higher sensitivity levels. In general, perfumes are not recommended for children and adolescents. In addition, the chemicals in perfumes can be harmful to the environment and may trigger asthma in some people. In an effort to limit the number of environmental and health hazards, some manufacturers have begun using safer chemicals in their perfumes.

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Victoria’s Secret – The Lingerie Brand That ‘Emancipation Forgot’

The lingerie brand that ’emancipation forgot’ has spent the past year trying to shift from a personification of male lust to a company representing female empowerment. But many customers don’t realize it. The retailer’s ads now feature women of all ethnicities, sizes and ages wearing its lingerie. They include a pregnant model, a transgender woman and plus-size models Paloma Elsesser and Ali Tate-Cutler. The company is also bringing back swimwear and activewear, two categories it exited in recent years. In an interview with Bloomberg, VP of retail and marketing Mary Adamson acknowledged that the company had lost its way as it grew from a catalog into a global retailer that was constantly expanding its product line. But even as the company retools its identity, it faces new competition from online retailers like Adore Me and True & Co. and from new players like Skims, a brand launched last year by Kim Kardashian and valued at more than $3 billion. It also faces challenges from a challenging retail environment and a consumer who prefers to shop for bras, thongs and pajamas at Target or on Depop, a privately-held marketplace for secondhand clothing. When the Victoria’s Secret brand was booming in the aughts, its runway shows were broadcast to millions of people in over 100 countries and featured supermodel Angels like Gisele Bundchen, Adriana Lima and Tyra Banks. Its yearly TV special was so popular that its viewers once crashed the website when 1.5 million people tried to watch it at once. The show became the crown jewel of the company’s massive marketing campaign. Yet by the time Victoria’s Secret president and chief executive officer Stefano Perotti assumed the role in 2018, he was facing declining sales. He was also the target of an explosive Hulu documentary about its founder’s ties with the convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. And the 2018 version of the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show had the lowest viewership in its history, with only 3.2 million tuning in to see supermodel Karlie Kloss walk. The company responded with a massive marketing campaign that dropped the overtly sexual overtones of its previous campaigns and promoted its newest initiatives, including a more inclusive image, a relaunch of the bra-size index and the introduction of body-positive lingerie. But analysts say the campaign may not have gone far enough to win back customers. In a survey of 1,100 women, two out of three said their social values influenced the brands they buy from, and more than half said they were more loyal to companies that promote diversity and inclusion in their advertising. But in the same poll, Victoria’s Secret was ranked 73rd out of 94 apparel and beauty brands for its gender equality policies.

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Women Perfume – Choosing the Right One For You

Perfume is an all-purpose mood enhancer that can make you feel sexy, confident, and oh-so-pretty. It’s the perfect accessory to any outfit, whether you’re on a date or headed out for a night on the town. Choosing the right women perfume can help to define your personality and style. You may even develop a special connection to a particular fragrance, such as the one worn by your mom or grandmother, or you could find yourself drawn to a scent that reminds you of a vacation or happy event in your life. The key to finding the right fragrance for you is to try out different options and discover the ones that best suit your unique personality. For those who prefer to stay on the lighter side, try a floral or fruity scent. Floral perfumes typically incorporate a harmonious blend of delicate floral essences like rose or jasmine. Fruity scents, on the other hand, are infused with the freshness of citrus or the allure of berries and exotic fruits. Many feminine fragrances also include softer, powdery notes such as vanilla or musk to add sensuality and allure. Then there are some fragrances that transcend genders, including unisex scents and masculine perfumes. These aromas can be quite powerful, depending on the person wearing them. The key is to experiment and test perfume on your skin to determine if it suits you. If you find yourself liking a scent that you thought was too masculine, try spritzing it on your wrists to see how it changes on you. Fragrance brands have made a clear distinction between perfumes for men and for women for years, but this divide is fading as more people embrace non-binary lifestyles. As a result, there are now more options for both men and women when it comes to fragrances. In fact, you can now find some fragrances that are considered unisex and can be paired with both male and female clothing styles. Here are some of our favorite perfumes for women. 1. Chanel Coco Mademoiselle A sexy, sophisticated scent for those who love to stand out from the crowd, this perfume was inspired by the unbreakable spirit of Catherine Dior. This eau de parfum contains a fusion of flowery and woody notes, combining the freshness of bergamot with a hint of musk to create a light, floral fragrance. 2. Gucci Bloom The first fragrance for women developed under the creative vision of designer Alessandro Michele, this perfume is an ode to the modern woman and an expression of her multifaceted femininity. This fragrance combines tuberose, jasmine, and Rangoon creeper for a floral symphony that is both evocative and alluring. 3. Guerlain Shalimar A fragrance icon, this perfume is a timeless classic with an iconic bottle that symbolizes a mythical, incandescent love story. Its black and red color scheme was chosen to evoke the power of femininity and beauty. 4. Jacques Polge Acqua di Giola A floral-woody slot demo fragrance, this scent opens with refreshing notes of primofiore lemon and mint infused with a hint of lavender for a light and airy fragrance that is a great choice for the busy woman on the go. Then, the scent becomes more sensual with watery accords of lily and jasmine, complemented by warm notes of brown sugar, cedarwood, and labdanum.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a complex mixture of various odorous substances that evaporate at different times. The perfumer’s objective is to create a balance of these odorous ingredients in order to provide the desired fragrance. Modern perfumes contain from tens to hundreds of natural and synthetic ingredients. These ingredients include essential oils extracted from roots, bark and flowers of aromatic plants; and a wide range of synthetic aromatic chemicals. The scents from these natural ingredients are combined with a variety of fixatives and solvents to produce a finished product. The use of a large number of ingredients complicates the task of determining the safety of a perfume; however, the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) maintains a database of 3,059 fragrance chemicals that have been linked to health problems including cancer, reproductive toxicity and sensitivities. Modern perfumes may be grouped by their concentration level, scent family and scent note. The concentration levels, extrait, parfum, eau de toilette and eau de cologne, refer to the percentage of the aromatic compounds in a perfume. The differences in dilutions may cause the same perfume to smell differently, even within the same perfume house’s line of products. For example, a parfum of a certain perfume will likely have a higher concentration of perfume oil than an eau de toilette of the same perfume. The scent groupings of a perfume are somewhat arbitrary; many fragrances contain elements of several families. A perfume designated as a floral will probably have a blend of notes from other families. Moreover, individual flowers tend to differ in their aromas based on how they are grown, harvested and extracted. For this reason, a perfumer will often prefer one particular flower over another, or one extraction method over another. The same is true of other raw materials; a rose harvested in Morocco and one grown and extracted in France will likely smell different, despite using the same extraction methods. A perfume’s scent notes are divided into “top notes,” which evaporate first and quickly, middle notes and base notes. A top note may last only a few minutes, while the middle and base notes linger on the skin for hours. The middle notes are the heart of a perfume, and the base adds depth and solidity to the fragrance. The earliest perfumes were simple, consisting of only a few ingredients, including the essence of a single flower, or a blend of flowers and spices. As Christianity introduced a more austere attitude towards adornment, perfume production declined. Its revival began in the eighteenth century, with the aristocracy of Europe wearing scented body powder, and the court of Louis XV of France was known as “La Cour Perfumée.” By the end of the nineteenth century, perfume had become an integral part of a woman’s wardrobe. The perfumer of the time advised that different perfumes should be worn for each occasion, with a special scent for going out in the evening and a different perfume for bathing. The use of perfume as a mark of social distinction continued into the twentieth century, with women wearing the most expensive scents and men wearing cologne.

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The Evolution of Fashion

Fashion is a cultural phenomenon that involves the wearing of a particular style, especially in clothing, over a period of time. It also encompasses other aspects of personal appearance, such as hairstyles, accessories and behaviors. The word “fashion” derives from the French noun vogue, meaning “the way of being.” The development of fashion in Western culture can be traced back to late medieval times. Fashion is a process that is constantly evolving, and trends change with the times and events. People may follow these trends out of personal preference or as a sign of social belonging. Fashion also allows a person to express themselves through their clothes, and different styles reflect different emotions or lifestyles. In the past, clothing was used as a mark of wealth and status. Those who were wealthy would wear finely woven, brightly colored fabrics that were hand stitched. In contrast, the poor would dress in rough, coarsely made garments. A well-dressed woman would often have many hats, jewelry, and other accessories to make her look unique. The evolution of fashion has been influenced by the economic climate, significant historical events, and social norms. In the early twentieth century, the Great Depression, world wars and the sexual revolution contributed to a change in social attitudes towards dress and grooming. The current pandemic has led to a change in how people are interacting with each other, and some of the changes that have occurred have been reflected in the latest fashion trends. A new fashion trend starts when someone who has a high cultural status, such as a celebrity, politician or religious leader, begins to wear a type of clothes that is popular with the masses. This reflects their personality or interests, and the other people who admire or respect them are then inspired to copy this style. This is known as the trickle-down theory, and it is a key reason why some people may not understand why the fashion changes so quickly. Fashion allows people to showcase their individuality, and it has a positive effect on society by encouraging the creation of unique designs and styles. It can also promote healthy self-esteem by allowing people to choose their own look and by giving them a sense of confidence and inner delight. However, some people may feel frustrated or depressed if they are unable to keep up with the latest trends. Fashion is a huge business, and millions of people work to design, sew, glue, dye and transport the clothing that people buy. The fashion industry is a powerful force that influences the way that people think and act, but it can also be used to objectify women and encourage materialistic consumerism. The positive aspects of fashion can outweigh the negative effects. As long as people are willing to continue following the latest trends, fashion will remain a part of human culture. For a deeper understanding of fashion, it is essential to study the history of this fascinating subject.

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What Is Perfume?

Fragrance is a combination of oils and aromatic compounds that’s used to give the skin, food, animals, living spaces, and objects a pleasant and pleasing smell. It’s also used to help mask unpleasant odors. Perfume was traditionally made from flowers, plants, spices, and herbs, but today many perfumes are synthetic. They may contain artificial chemicals and additives to improve their durability, stability, and color. People often wear perfume to enhance their personal appeal or to make others perceive them in a favorable light. For example, many women wear a specific perfume that reminds them of their mothers, sisters, or aunts. Others use perfume to create a signature scent that they associate with a particular vacation or memory. A signature scent can boost self-confidence and help prepare for a big presentation at work or a date. It can even help to relieve stress and anxiety by activating certain brain pathways that lead to a sense of wellbeing and well-being. Perfume is a complex and expensive product to manufacture, so it’s no wonder that high-quality perfumes are very pricey. The process of creating perfume involves extracting essential oils from various botanicals, distilling them, mixing them with other ingredients, and adding chemical stabilizers. Perfumes are sold in a variety of forms, including spray bottles, roller balls, and solids. Sprays tend to have the longest duration and are ideal for use during warm weather. The quality of a perfume is often measured by its sillage, which refers to how far the scent travels and how strong it is. High-quality perfumes have good sillage and last all day without needing to be reapplied. However, low-quality perfumes have poor sillage and fade quickly. In general, perfumes that are more natural and contain fewer chemicals are considered to be of higher quality than those that have more chemical additives. Some people have sensitive skin, and certain types of perfume can cause a contact dermatitis reaction. Perfume can also irritate the eyes, throat, and nose. If you have a perfume allergy, it’s important to know the names of all the components in the fragrance that you are allergic to. This will allow you to avoid these chemicals and find a perfume that works for you. It’s important to realize that just like clothes, there is no one perfume that fits every season, occasion, time of day, and gender. That’s why it’s helpful to have a few perfumes in your collection that you can switch between depending on your mood and the activities you plan on doing. You can try different perfumes out on paper blotters or on your skin to see which ones suit you. It’s also worth mentioning that the location where you apply your perfume has an impact on how long it will last. The wrists, base of the neck, behind the ears, and hair all have different effects on how a perfume will wear.

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Victoria’s Secret Reimagines Itself

The lingerie giant Victoria’s Secret is reimagining itself to match the world it sells into. It’s introducing more body-inclusive models and focusing on health, all while it tries to reverse a slump in sales and profits. Its rebrand is an attempt to keep the company relevant in the face of rising competition from edgier, more inclusive brands and a waning interest in shopping malls. But it’s also a reminder of how far the brand has strayed from its roots in 1977. Founder Roy Raymond opened the first store in San Francisco and published the first catalog a year later, luring consumers into an alternate universe of English romance, modern feminism and sexual escapades. During the height of its popularity, Victoria’s Secret held a lavish fashion show every year that was broadcast to millions and featured “Angels,” including supermodels like Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum and Gisele Bundchen wearing risqué outfits while displaying their sculpted bodies in a nude state for the camera. Whether the show was a fantasy or a nightmare, it reinforced the idea that women had to suffer to be deemed desirable: They needed to train like Olympic athletes, eat like hamsters and zap their body hair. Those who managed to do so were rewarded with substantial paychecks (Bundchen told Refinery29 in 2018 that her Victoria’s Secret earnings made up 80 percent of her annual income). While sales were reliably growing through 2016, the company lost steam, and the stock price plunged 40 percent. The fall was partly due to a hit to discretionary spending caused by stubborn inflation. But it was also a reflection of the fact that the lingerie retailer had stuck with an outdated marketing message and merchandising strategy for years, even as rivals embraced empowerment, inclusivity and better product quality and took market share. The company has since canceled its annual fashion shows and started using a mix of models in campaigns and ads, including plus-size and transgender models. Its chief executive said the company would also start investing in its stores, announcing that the brand will upgrade 1,400 of its Victoria’s Secret and Pink locations. It will also open 400 new locations outside North America, the CEO said in a presentation to investors. But the rebrand hasn’t done much to revive sales. Last month, the company reported its fourth-quarter sales were down more than 7 percent, a sign that the reimagination isn’t working. The company’s stock is still down more than 20 percent in the past 12 months.

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Best Women’s Perfume

As women, perfume is an essential part of our wardrobes. Perfume helps us to feel confident and evoke positive emotions. It has a special power that is often overlooked – it affects how we are perceived by others. It can be used as a signature scent or as an accessory to complete an outfit. There are many different scents to choose from, so finding the right perfume for you is a matter of personal taste and body chemistry. This article will help you find the perfect fragrance that makes you feel like yourself. Throughout history, there has been a social norm that men and women should look, smell, and act in certain ways. Fragrance companies have been able to capitalize on this by creating fragrances for women and men that are designed with their specific gender in mind. In the modern world, however, this is starting to change as more and more people are choosing unisex or gender neutral fragrances that don’t limit their appeal to a specific audience. One of the most popular perfumes for women is Chanel Coco Mademoiselle. This elegant fragrance has a delicate blend of fresh citrus, florals and woods that creates a soft and seductive aroma. It’s the perfect perfume for a woman who loves to stand out from the crowd. Another top-rated perfume for women is Yves Saint Laurent Black Opium, which features a blend of coffee and vanilla that makes you instantly seductive. Viva La Juicy by Marc Jacobs is another great option for women who want to feel fresh and flirty. Its top notes of berries, plumeria, mandarin and orange blossom combine to form a sweet fruity scent that’s sure to turn heads at any party. For a perfume that can make you feel like an empowered princess, try Gucci Bloom. This perfume for women is inspired by Catherine Dior’s unbreakable spirit and evokes the French gardens she loved. The blend of orange blossom, nectarine, rose, cassis, and wild orchid creates a floral symphony that will leave you feeling radiant and confident. Another option is the iconic J’adore by Christian Dior. This perfume has nearly 1,000 5-star reviews at Sephora and is a classic that will never go out of style. Its combination of ylang ylang, Damascus rose and jasmine makes it an ideal perfume for women who want to feel beautiful and timeless. Another great perfume for women is Philosophy’s Amazing Grace, which is light and refreshing. This perfume for women has a mixture of bergamot, muguet blossoms and musk that will give you a clean and feminine scent. This is the perfect perfume for any occasion, whether you’re going to a fancy dinner or simply shopping with your friends. There are many different options when it comes to perfume for women, but the key is to find a fragrance that reflects your personality and matches your unique body chemistry. Take your time to explore different fragrances and experiment with a few before you settle on the perfect scent for you.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance, or perfume, is a combination of scented oils and other ingredients used to produce a scent. It is worn by both men and women, but has historically been primarily associated with femininity. It has been used in many cultures throughout history, with evidence of its use in some of the earliest human civilizations. The modern perfume industry developed in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin and coumarin, enabling perfumers to make scents that could not have been produced using natural aromatic materials alone. Today, the most popular perfumes contain anywhere from tens to hundreds of ingredients. These include (1) essential oils and other extracts of plants or flowers; (2) synthetic aromatic chemicals based on natural aromatic plant components (e.g., alcohols, aldehydes, esters, terpenes and phenols); (3) fixatives to reduce the evaporation rate of the perfume, increase perceived odor strength and improve stability; and (4) solvent solutions such as ethanol. Perfumes can be classified according to their concentration level, which indicates how strong or weak the scent will be when rubbed on the skin. They can also be designated according to the fragrance family, although these are not necessarily indicative of the scent of the perfume, and a single perfume may have elements from multiple families. The composition of a perfume can be described in terms of its “notes” or “note pyramid,”[36] which describe the main components of the fragrance, starting with top notes, middle notes, and base notes. Top notes are the first smells to be noticed, usually consisting of small molecules that evaporate quickly and give a “fresh” or “light” impression. Middle notes are a little more complex, and they form the heart of the perfume. Base notes are the last scents to be noticed, and they form the background of a perfume. A perfumer is an expert on perfume composition, whose job is to turn the concept of a fragrance into a finished product. The perfumer can draw on his or her knowledge of chemistry, the sense of smell and the art of composing a harmony of scents. Perfumes are both intrinsically and extrinsically a sensory reward; they stimulate the limbic system of the brain, which is associated with pleasure and emotional responses, and they are aesthetically pleasing. In addition, perfumes have the potential to reinforce behaviors by facilitating social acceptance and status. Despite this, there has been very little empirical research into the effects of perfume on humans. In particular, perfume has not been studied as a reinforcement stimulus, and research into its neurobiological properties is lagging far behind that of other sensory rewards such as taste and touch. Nevertheless, anecdotes suggest that perfume can function as a behavioral reward by increasing sexual attractiveness and enhancing cognitive performance. Future innovative research in perfume neuroscience and reward will be a valuable complement to existing research in these areas.

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How to Write an Article About Fashion

Fashion is a set of trends that affect what people wear. It can include clothes, shoes, accessories, and even language. The fashion industry is huge and can be influenced by many things, including social and cultural changes. A good article about fashion should have original insights and be based on solid research. It should also be a fun read for readers. A fashion article should tell a story that grabs the reader’s attention and keeps them engaged from start to finish. It can be a personal story about the writer’s style journey or an investigation of the dark side of the fashion industry. It can also be an exploration of a vintage look or an homage to a classic style. The article should be well-researched, with sources provided whenever possible. It should be clear and concise, with no unnecessary jargon or long paragraphs. It should also be readable and accessible, with an easy-to-read font. It should be visually appealing, with clean, simple design and layout. It should also be written in an engaging tone, with short, direct sentences that are easy to understand. A good article about fashion should explain how trends change over time and how they are created. It should also cover the history of specific styles, such as the way that miniskirts first came into use in the 1960s to represent feminism and freedom. It should also cover how trends can be influenced by different cultures, and how they vary within the same society. Trends are largely influenced by popular culture and media, such as movies, music, art, and news. They can be influenced by specific events, such as world wars or the pandemic, and may reflect current issues in society, such as environmental awareness or social justice. They can be influenced by particular groups, such as young people or the elderly. They are also influenced by the seasons, as fashions can be dictated by weather. Flowy dresses are more fashionable in spring, while long overcoats are fashionable in winter. They can also be influenced by the personalities of influential people, such as celebrities, politicians, or sports figures. If these people choose to wear new or different clothes, they can create a fashion trend. Often, these trends are short-lived and fizzle out quickly. They can be influenced by social and cultural changes, such as the rise of feminism or globalization. They can also be influenced by the economy, as consumers will spend money on clothes that are seen as trendy. This is why some designers have a hard time making their designs last longer, as they are constantly having to make new styles. However, the emergence of ready-to-wear has made it easier to get hold of the latest clothing styles, as they are mass-produced and therefore cheaper. However, this type of fashion usually sacrifices quality for speed. The term “fast fashion” is often used to describe this type of fashion. However, it is important to note that this fast-fashion trend is still very popular.

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What Is Perfume?

Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents in liquid form that gives the human body, food, living spaces, or objects an agreeable smell. The word is derived from the Latin words perfumeria, which means “scent.” (1) Perfume can be a powerful tool for making a first impression and leaving a lasting impression on others. It can evoke emotion, uplift or depress you and also trigger memories of a place or person. In addition, some types of perfume contain pheromones which can make you smell attractive to other people. Fragrance is the combination of a variety of ingredients which creates a scent that can last for a very long time on your skin. Perfume can contain a mix of natural or synthetic ingredients depending on your personal preference and budget. Many natural perfumes contain a mix of different plant extracts and distilled essential oils such as flowers, herbs, grasses, spices, fruits, woods, roots, resins and animal secretions such as musk. However, natural perfumes can be expensive and difficult to source sustainably. This is why modern perfumes often use a blend of both natural and synthetic fragrances to achieve the desired results. A perfume’s scent will evolve over the course of the day as it interacts with your unique body chemistry. This is because perfume contains different structural components called Top, Heart and Base notes. The top notes are what you can perceive immediately after applying the perfume. These are light molecules that evaporate quickly and usually consist of citrus, fruit and herb fragrances. The middle notes come in next and mellow as they blend with your skin’s chemistry. Finally, the base notes are the fragrance that lasts for the longest and is typically composed of wood, amber and musk fragrances. One of the biggest mistakes you can make when selecting a perfume is being prejudiced against a specific note. For example, some people are anosmic to musk which makes it nearly impossible for them to smell a perfume that contains this note. Therefore, you should never dismiss a perfume because you have had a bad experience with another type of fragrance that contained the same note. Once you have narrowed down the selection of perfumes that appeal to you, you should evaluate them by their sillage and projection. Sillage is the amount of perfume that is left behind when you move or walk and projection is the intensity at which you can perceive the fragrance when someone walks past you. In general, lighter fragrances are better for daytime and more intense ones are best to wear at night. After that, it is all about your individual preferences and what you find uplifting, calming or seductive. With a little bit of knowledge, selecting the right perfume for you is easy! So, don’t be afraid to try something new. You might be surprised at what you end up liking! Good luck and enjoy your perfume!

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Victoria Secret Rebranding Plan

Founded in 1977, victoria secret is the world’s largest intimates specialty retailer with over 350 stores and online sales of more than $1 billion annually. The company offers a full range of modern, fashion-inspired collections including signature bras and panties, lingerie, sleepwear, swim and athleisure, as well as prestige fragrances and body care. Inspiring women around the globe, victoria secret connects with customers to offer products that empower them, celebrate their individuality and champion a holistic lifestyle. In the early 80s, entrepreneur Roy Raymond noticed that the American lingerie market was lacking in the upscale, European-style offerings of his home country. He spent eight years researching the industry before launching his own brand, Victoria’s Secret. The brand quickly gained popularity with its sleek, sexy look and high-end, yet affordable, pricing. Its first catalog racked up over 1 million copies, and the company’s famous annual fashion show was born in 1995. The sexy and sultry marketing campaign featured images of supermodels in skimpy underwear, and it was a hit with consumers. But by the end of the decade, the company was struggling with slumping sales and a backlash to its sexy image. The lingerie retailer was also dragged into a controversy surrounding its former CEO Leslie H. Wexner and his connection to Jeffrey Epstein, who was accused of using the retailer as a front for sex trafficking. Since then, the company has embarked on a rebranding mission. It’s replaced the original Fashion Show’s supermodels with a VS Collective that includes athletes and actors such as Megan Rapinoe, Priyanka Chopra Jonas, and Paloma Elsesser; expanded its size range to include plus-size lingerie start-up Adore Me; and refreshed its stores with brighter lights and blush pink walls. The idea is that these changes, along with a shift away from a male-driven definition of beauty, will help reposition the brand as one that “women love” rather than “women want.” This is all part of a plan to revitalize Victoria’s Secret’s reputation in order to increase profits and draw in new customers. But despite this renewed focus on female shoppers, it’s still hard to get past the brand’s legacy of sexy sleaze. And, unfortunately, the victoria secret credit card does not do much to change this perception. The victoria secret credit card offers a modest rewards program for those who regularly shop at the store or at sister brand Pink. The card offers 4 points per dollar for Victoria’s Secret and PINK purchases, and 2 points per dollar on all other non-Victoria’s Secret or Pink purchases. However, there’s a catch to this card that could deter some would-be Victoria’s Secret shopper: you must spend at least $1,000 to earn $10 rewards, and the rewards are issued in just one lump sum. This makes the card a poor choice for frequent shoppers who need to rack up big balances quickly. A better option for those who make regular VS or PINK purchases is the Nordstrom Visa Card.

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Discover the Best Women’s Perfume

The right perfume can be like a signature scent, evoking beautiful memories and expressing your unique personality. It can also give you a confidence boost, so it’s important to find one that suits your style and body chemistry. Whether you prefer fresh citrus, floral, fruity, or woody fragrances, the options are endless—and it’s all about finding what works best for you. So, if you’re ready to discover the perfect perfume for you, keep reading. Women’s perfume is a luxurious, mood-boosting accessory that complements your personal style and accentuates your natural scent. Historically, perfumes for women have been carefully crafted with a blend of floral, fruity, or sweet scents that are often attributed to femininity and evoke positive emotions. However, today’s perfumers are experimenting with genderless scents and creating unique perfume for women with more complex notes. As a result, perfume for women is more of a lifestyle accessory than an everyday scent. From sultry to fresh, there are many types of perfumes available, and deciding which one is right for you depends on your mood, style, and body chemistry. For example, if you’re looking for an eau de parfum that lasts all day, opt for something with a higher percentage of oil and stronger staying power. Alternatively, if you want a light and refreshing fragrance, choose an eaux de toilette, which has less of a lasting effect. Ahead, we’ve rounded up some of the best perfumes for women from top brands including Gucci, Tom Ford, Dior, and Versace. These top perfumes for women are guaranteed to get you compliments—and they will leave your senses smelling exquisite! Gucci Bloom: This perfume for women is an exquisite fusion of tuberose, jasmine, and Rangoon creeper that exudes radiance and joy. It is a sophisticated and delicate floral symphony that will transport you to an elegant garden party or a dreamy night stroll. Lost Cherry: One of the most popular perfumes for women from Tom Ford is a luxurious fragrance that is designed to provoke imagination and sensuality. This full-bodied perfume is a masterwork of contradictions—it opens with a cocktail of decadent black cherry and bitter liqueur, followed by an explosion of Turkish rose and Arabian jasmine. The fragrance ends with a base of opulent woods and chocolate. Feminine Fragrance: Traditionally, feminine perfumes have been characterized by their delicate blend of floral essences such as rose and jasmine. These scents are combined with fruity or sweet ingredients such as red berries, crisp citrus fruits, or alluring tropical fruits. Some feminine perfumes also include soft and powdery scents such as vanilla and musk. The beauty world is abuzz with this fresh and feminine fragrance. It’s a beautiful combination of effervescent flowers and crisp fruits, and it smells just as amazing on men as it does on women. Plus, it’s easy to layer with other perfumes for a more intense and sophisticated aroma.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of scent molecules that are volatile and evaporate quickly. A perfume, cologne or other personal olfactory products typically contain tens to hundreds of scent compounds, either natural or synthetic. It is the mixture of these components, not their individual molecular weights, that determine a fragrance’s characteristic aroma. The ingredients can be derived from both plant and synthetic sources, with the latter making up the majority of perfumes currently sold in the world. The most common fragrance chemicals include alcohols, esters, aldehydes and terpenes. In the modern world, perfumes are usually formulated from fragrance bases that are modular pieces built up from essential oils and aromatic chemicals. Typical base ingredients include fixatives, a class of natural or synthetic substances used to slow the evaporation rate, increase perceived odor strength and improve stability; aditive, which is a preservative added to enhance the product’s shelf life; and solvents, a solution of 98% ethanol and 2% water that dissolves the perfume oil and makes it more readily available for application. Perfumes are also often augmented with colorants and other additives, such as phthalates, formaldehydes, toluene, and benzene derivatives that have been shown to cause irritation and allergic reactions. Modern perfumery began in the fourteenth century with the introduction of a modern type of perfume that blended scented extracts with an alcohol solution. The European Renaissance saw the rise of a culture of personal scent, with men and women donning their favorite fragrances. A craze for donning perfumes reached its height in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and it was not uncommon to find even clothing and jewelry daubed with a person’s chosen scent. In this era, many perfumes were based on heavy, often animal-derived scents. The perfume concentration level of a fragrance determines how strongly it smells and how long it lasts. The four perfume concentration levels are parfum, eau de parfum, eau de toilette and cologne. Often, a perfume that has different concentrations will actually use different perfume oil mixtures (for example, Chanel No. 5’s parfum, EdP and now-discontinued EdC concentrations are formulated with different perfume oils). Fragrance extraction methods vary widely, depending on the nature of the plant material and the desired scent. The most common method is distillation, where the materials are heated at high temperatures to capture the desired aromatic compounds. Another extraction technique, called enfleurage, involves soaking the material in carrier oils that serve as solvents to draw out the heavier, more concentrated plant materials. Once the perfume is formulated, the resulting mix is then tested on a paper blotter called a mouillettes to ensure it reaches the required scent intensity and lasts as intended. The final perfume may be refined several times to ensure its quality, and it can be aged for months or years before being released for sale. The time between initial formulation and final refinement varies by company, but the process of blending, testing and maturing is crucial for a good perfume.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a prevailing mode of expression that manifests itself in clothing, hairstyles, decoration and even behaviour. Changes in fashion are usually influenced by societal change and the financial interests of fashion designers and manufacturers. However, research shows that there are other internal taste mechanisms that influence changes in fashion even without these external influences. What is considered fashionable can be as simple as a certain color or the style of a dress to something as complex as a lifestyle or an idea. As long as it is followed by a significant proportion of the population and is perceived to be socially appropriate, then it can be considered a fashion. The earliest appearance of the term “fashion” dates back to the late medieval times when European clothing styles began changing at an accelerating pace. Historians have also identified a number of key events that led to this rapid and continuous change in clothing trends. The first fashions were largely related to textiles, but later on, they became more closely associated with specific periods in history and with the general social and political climate. While some fashions are designed specifically for an individual (such as haute couture or bespoke tailoring), most clothes are geared towards the mass market. As such, they are often inspired by societal changes, social movements and events, as well as by music, art and books. Some styles are easily traceable, such as the bare mid-riffs and baggy pants of the Fresh Prince of Bel Air or the oversized shirts worn by the hip-hop generation, but many others are nearly impossible to pin down: it is hard to tell how a style makes the leap from a teenager wearing denim cutoffs in the streets of London to the runways of Paris. Fashions have also been used as a way to show solidarity with other people or to demonstrate a particular culture. For example, Roman senators wore garments dyed with Tyrian purple and Hawaiian high-ranking officials wore feather cloaks and carved whale teeth. Modern Westerners have a wide choice of clothes available to them, and as a result, it is unlikely that they will ever wear the same thing as someone else. That said, when celebrities or other people in the public eye start wearing new or different clothes, other people often follow suit and a new fashion develops. The multifaceted nature of fashion makes it a powerful tool that has the potential to positively impact individuals, society, and the economy. Its ability to shape identities, inspire creativity, and promote self-expression helps people find their true essence and boost confidence. The industry’s commitment to sustainability encourages eco-friendly practices and fosters an attitude of responsibility toward the planet. In this way, fashion can play a role in the global conversation around important issues, empowering individuals to become agents of change and contribute to a more inclusive and compassionate world.

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A Whiff of Chemistry

The scent of perfume is an integral part of many people’s personal style. It can be used to accentuate a mood or to help others remember a person. Perfumes are typically made from natural products including herbs, flowers, spices and tree woods along with synthetic ingredients. They can be found in a wide range of prices and concentrations. Perfumes can be purchased from department stores, specialty perfumeries or online retailers. They are often marketed as men’s or women’s fragrances. Originally, perfumes were used to mask unpleasant body odors, particularly during the seventeenth century. Perfumes have also been reported to improve mood, reduce stress and anxiety, increase cognitive function and promote healthy sleep habits. However, the exact physiological and psychological effects of perfume remain unknown. A Whiff of Chemistry The first step in creating a perfume is extracting the fragrant essential oils from plants. This is usually done using steam distillation. The process involves placing plant materials in boiling water and allowing the steam and oil to evaporate. Thousands of kilos of flowers may be needed to obtain just one kilo of perfume oil, which helps explain why the most expensive perfumes are so pricey. The resulting oil is then diluted with alcohol, which serves as a fixative, delaying the evaporation of the perfume and increasing its longevity. Once the essential oils have been extracted, they are combined with other aromatic compounds to create a fragrance. These may include waxes, resins, alum, musk, amber and other natural or synthetic compounds. Typically, the most complex perfumes contain over 20 different components. The final product is applied to the skin through a spray, roll-on or a dab on the wrist. Depending on the complexity of the perfume, it can last for hours after being applied. Creating an article about perfume requires that the writer be knowledgeable about the subject and have access to quality samples of the product. An understanding of basic chemistry and anatomy of the skin is also helpful. The writer must also be able to understand and describe the nuances of a perfume and how it interacts with the individual’s own unique body chemistry. Providing this information is important for readers to make informed purchasing decisions. Writing about perfume can be fun and lucrative. It is a popular topic with plenty of potential search engine traffic. The key is to create an engaging article that provides quality content, is well written and proofread, and brings something new to the perfume community. A well-written article can attract a wide audience and build a readership for the blog. This can be achieved by choosing an interesting title that relates to the content of the article. Typical titles that attract a large audience include “Perfume Reviews” and “Fragrance Reviews.” It is also important to focus on a topic that is relevant to your target market. The best way to determine this is to research and read other perfume blogs. This can give you ideas on how to write your own articles.

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Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons

Victoria’s Secret is a lingerie and apparel retailer that became famous for their annual fashion show featuring supermodels in barely-there lingerie and massive wings. It was a pop-culture phenomenon that attracted millions of viewers from its debut in 1995, and was headlined by Tyra Banks, Adriana Lima and Heidi Klum. The company now offers a variety of products including everyday undergarments, sleep wear, beauty and swimwear as well as shoes and clothes for women. They also have a line called PINK that’s targeted to teenage girls. The lingerie brand is currently going through a radical marketing shift, and it’s a complete 180 from their blonde bombshell image of the past. It’s a ‘woke’ campaign called ‘Undefinable,’ and it features models of all shapes and sizes showcasing their body confidence. Rather than the usual airbrushed and glossy images, they showcase real women, such as MMA fighter Rose Namajunas, paralympic athlete Femita Ayanbeku and country singer Brittany Spencer. They’re not the typical VS Angels, but they’re just as beautiful and confident. A recent three-part documentary series on Hulu titled ‘Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons’ explores the founding of the company, its legacy of sexual misconduct and its connection to convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, who was employed by the company from 1998 to 2022. The film cites archival footage as well as interviews with former employees and models who spoke out about being groped or assaulted by the company’s catalog models. The documentary also alleges that the company founder Les Wexner turned a blind eye to this mistreatment, particularly during the tenure of chief marketing officer Ed Razek. Throughout the decades, Victoria’s Secret bolstered its brand with a annual fashion show featuring supermodels in their bras and lingerie, along with a booming empire of retail stores and e-commerce platforms. The company made billions in sales from this strategy, but it has since fallen out of favor with millennials and Gen Z shoppers who have flocked to brands that promote inclusivity, diversity and body positivity. Victoria’s Secret has a long way to go to make up for its reputation of objectifying and sexualizing women. Its current efforts to make the brand more inclusive are encouraging, but it’s important that it embrace its feminist identity and reject the idea that only thin women are ‘perfect’ for the company. If it doesn’t do this, it will be left behind by rivals that offer a more inclusive message and better products. The ‘Undefinable’ campaign is a good start, but the lingerie giant needs to do more to really make this shift happen. Hopefully, the upcoming fashion show and other campaigns will push the company in the right direction. After all, the company is a publicly traded corporation that has shareholders to please, and it won’t get much more stock value by catering to the male gaze.

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Discover the Best Women’s Perfume

Perfume is a luxurious and timeless accessory that makes a big impact on one’s overall image. It’s also a key component of self-care and a thoughtful way to enhance social connections. As a result, women’s perfumes can make or break the day. Fortunately, our collection of the best perfumes for women contains an array of alluring scents that elevate beauty rituals. From classics to modern masterpieces, discover the perfumes that will help you look and feel your best. From the iconic Chanel No. 5 to the sultry Le Labo 001 Woman, these perfumes for women are sure to set you apart from the crowd. While it may be challenging to find your signature fragrance, the right aroma can enhance your confidence and make you feel alluring and unique. Regardless of your olfactory preferences, there is a women’s perfume for every occasion and skin type. From fruity to floral to oriental fragrances, you can choose the one that reflects your personality and complements your body’s natural chemistry. For the sophisticated, elegant lady, a scent like La Vie Est Belle offers a subtle yet sophisticated blend of iris and praline. This feminine fragrance is a favorite of women who love to receive compliments, especially on their perfume. A popular perfume among young women, Clinique Happy is a crowd-pleaser with its fruity-floral fragrance of ruby red grapefruit, bergamot and spring mimosa. It can be worn alone or layered for a more intense aroma. The unisex perfume 001 Woman is an ideal perfume for a woman who wants to stand out from the crowd, blending the classics with something modern and fresh. The enchanting mixture of blackcurrant nectar, mandarin and orange blossom is balanced with warm vanilla. Designed for a modern and confident woman, this unique scent is the perfect perfume for women who want to make a statement with their appearance and style. This article was written by WWD’s The Essentialist team and is independently curated and edited. The essentialist is a daily newsletter that gives you the beauty and style scoop with in-depth reviews of the newest products and trends. We’ll also bring you the best in lifestyle, fashion, celebrity, and more. To subscribe to The Essentialist, click here. WWD may receive commission from purchases made via links on this page. Pricing and availability are accurate as of publication date. The essentialist team is dedicated to providing our readers with honest and objective product evaluations. Our goal is to help you shop smarter and live well. We only recommend products or services we believe in and would use ourselves. If you purchase a product or service through a link on this page, we may earn an affiliate commission. Read our full Disclosure Policy. WWD is the leading luxury and lifestyle authority that is changing the way you experience the world. Our experts provide in-depth coverage of the latest news, celebrity, fashion and beauty. WWD is available in print, online, iPad and iPhone.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a class of aromatic chemical compounds extracted from various raw materials such as flowers, leaves, bark, wood, roots, and fruits. The odorants are extracted and separated from the raw materials by distillation, solvent extraction, or enfleurage. They are then combined to form perfumes or colognes. Fragrance chemicals are also used to enhance the scent of certain foods or other chemicals such as cleaning agents and industrial products. The composition of perfumes and colognes is an art form. A person who specializes in this discipline is known as a perfumer, and they are sometimes affectionately referred to as a “nose” (French for smell). The most common method of obtaining fragrance from raw materials is steam distillation. In this process boiling water is passed through the raw material, which drives out the volatile odorants and condenses them into a liquid. The resulting mixture is a blend of essential oils and fragrant chemical compounds. It is usually mixed with a carrier such as alcohol, oil, or wax and sold in a bottle with its own cap and label. The bottled perfume may be sold as an eau de parfum, eau de toilette, or eau de cologne. In the fourteenth century perfumery was reborn with the invention of a new technique for extracting and mixing fragrance chemicals from natural plant materials. A new science of chemistry was applied to the art, which resulted in more sophisticated compositions. From the Renaissance through the nineteenth century, wearing perfume was a mark of fashion and social status. Perfume was worn by both men and women. In the middle of the nineteenth century, however, as germ theory spread, odors were perceived as carrying disease and the use of fragrance waned. It is possible that this decline was caused by the fact that sex hormones can interact with fragrance chemicals to change their connotation and denotation. For example, a study conducted in the 1980s showed that when females wore Jontue perfume, they were considered less competent and more likely to be hired than their unscented counterparts. Another reason that wearing perfume declined was the widespread dissemination of the germ theory, which led to an era in which people avoided contact with others for fear of infection. It is also probable that it was a reaction to the discovery that some fragrance chemicals, such as phthalates and styrene, can cause hormonal changes in children and adults. Today, with the revival of a sense of style and the use of new technology, perfumes are once again fashionable. They are also recognized as important factors in seduction. Many recent studies show that a woman’s choice of sexual partner is strongly influenced by how the man smells, even more than by his social standing and money. Fragrance compositions are designed to meet these needs and to satisfy consumer demands for specific odorants. In the future, advances in synthetic chemistry will allow perfumers to create fragrances that mimic more complex botanical odorants.

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What is Fashion?

Fashion is the way a person dresses. This way of dressing is influenced by many things, such as music, celebrities, and events that are occurring around the world. It is also influenced by the people you know and love. A lot of people like to emulate the style of their favourite celebrities. They will try different styles until they find the one that fits them the best. This is especially true during the adolescent period when a person is trying to figure out who they are and what their style is. Fashion changes quickly. Designers will often hold fashion shows where they will show off their new designs to the public. These shows are attended by the media and buyers of clothing. The designers will usually create a theme for their show that is reflected in the clothes that are shown. The designs may be slightly exaggerated to show off the clothes to their best advantage. The fashion industry is a multi-billion dollar business. A large part of the business is based on advertising and promotion. Designers will often hire models to wear their clothes and walk down the runway at their fashion shows. This allows the designers to get their designs out there and promoted for free. The models will also usually receive payment for their participation in the show. Some outfits are made specifically for an individual, this is known as haute couture. However, most of the time, the clothing is designed for the mass market and is known as ready to wear. In the 1700’s, folks pored over fashion magazines to see what was in style. Many of the fashions that were popular were influenced by political figures and royalty. Jacqueline Kennedy and Princess Diana both had their own distinct fashion styles that became popular in their lifetimes. Political revolutions can also influence the styles that are in vogue at a particular time. The word “fashion” comes from the Latin word for custom or fashion, and implies a way of dressing that is in accordance with current tastes and customs. The term can also refer to a mode or a trend, with the latter suggesting great popularity. Other words with similar meanings are fad, rage, and craze. Fashion is a cultural phenomenon, and the way in which people dress is a reflection of their beliefs, attitudes, and values. It is a form of self-expression and an artform. The fashion industry is constantly changing and evolving, and it is interesting to watch how the various trends change over the years. Some of the major trends are dictated by politics, while others are based on the economy and social dynamics. The trends that are adopted can have a huge impact on the culture of a society, and they are often passed from generation to generation.

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The Power of Perfume

Perfume is more than a scent – it’s a mood, an attitude and a feeling. It can be used to convey confidence, power, love, peace, happiness, awe or sensuality – all of which are evoked in different ways by different people. It can also have an aphrodisiac effect, which is why it’s often considered the ultimate seduction tool. This is partly why perfumes are so powerful and have been worn for centuries. The Ancient Greeks were the first to discover liquid perfume. It wasn’t until the seventeenth century that distillation was developed that the process became commercially viable. The ancient Romans and Arabs then refined the art of perfume. Fragrance is a complex mix of alcohol, essential oils and chemicals that react to your skin. Perfumes come in a variety of forms, including perfume sprays, roll-ons and solid colognes. When spritzed on the body they’re quickly absorbed through the pores and evaporate from the skin, leaving behind a subtle trail of fragrance. This is called sillage. Some perfumes are very intense and linger longer than others. For this reason it’s important to find a perfume that works well with your body chemistry, so that the base notes last longer and the top notes don’t evaporate too fast. Your skin’s temperature and oiliness will also affect how long a perfume lasts. For this reason it’s best to apply your perfume to the softer skin areas of your body, such as the wrists, base of the neck, earlobes and the hairline. In a recent study by Herz, fragrance preferences were found to be linked to personal and social situations. For example, women would select a more masculine, woody fragrance for a job interview or a more floral fragrance for a romantic rendezvous. Mood was another factor that affected perfume choice, with women selecting fragrances that they felt reflected their personality or situation at the time of choosing it. Perfumes can be bought in small bottles, which are perfect to carry in your purse or bag so that you can freshen up throughout the day. This will ensure that your smell always smells good and you don’t lose any of the impact of your fragrance. It is also important to consider where you’ll be wearing your perfume, as this can influence how much it lingers on your body and the intensity of the scent. For instance, if you’re going to be indoors, it’s best not to wear a very strong perfume as it can cause headaches. In contrast, if you’re going to be out in the sun and enjoying some fresh air, then you can afford to be a little more generous with your application. In addition, a light scent will dry quicker than a stronger one. This is because water evaporates more quickly than alcohol, which leaves the scent on your skin. Having said that, don’t be afraid to experiment with your scents and layer them together! You might be surprised at how good you can look and feel in a fragrance that suits you.

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What Is Perfume?

Perfume is a combination of fixative solvents, aromatic compounds and ethanol used to give the human body, food, objects and living spaces an agreeable scent. It is a mixture that is applied on the skin and then diffused by evaporation, resulting in a fragrant aroma. It is a mixture that can also be found in cosmetics, such as hair spray and body lotion. It can also be used as a masking agent for unpleasant or undesirable odors in industrial processes. A perfume’s scent can be very powerful and evoke many emotions and memories. For example, the scent of a flower can bring back fond memories of a special vacation or a happy childhood moment. Some people even consider their signature perfume to be a badge of individuality that sets them apart from others. The use of perfume has been around for a long time. It was very popular in Egypt and Cleopatra is known to have used it to seduce her lovers. The popularity of this magical substance has spread from ancient Greece to Rome and then to the Orient and Far East, reaching Europe via the Crusaders in the 13th century. The perfume industry is a highly competitive one. Creating a new fragrance can take years and requires extensive testing, as well as the development of complex chemical formulas. The final product must be a combination of both a pleasing smell and a high sales potential. A scent that catches on with consumers can become a best seller in a short amount of time. During the creation process, a perfumer must have an idea of what is wanted for the fragrance and what the target market is. It is important to create a “mood board” which is an artistic representation of what the fragrance will embody. A mood board for a feminine fragrance could suggest a whirl of delicate floral pastels, while a mood board for a masculine perfume would be more sharply defined and accentuated by images of the accoutrements of the modern male such as watches and leather goods. In terms of marketing a new perfume, it is important to offer samples in stores for customers to try. Free samples are always a great incentive for a customer to purchase the perfume, as well as a fun way for them to interact with the brand and learn more about it. A scented strip or a small bottle of the perfume are two common forms of a sample that can be given to a customer. The earliest documented evidence of perfume is from the ancient Egyptians. It was commonly used during religious ceremonies and for personal use. Some people even buried their dead in perfume, as it was believed to have the power to protect them from evil spirits. Perfume has been used ever since for a wide range of reasons, from protecting against the effects of colds and flu to enhancing self-esteem and the perception of attractiveness. Its uses have also been linked to increased cognitive function and reduced anxiety.

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Victoria’s Secret Rebranding Efforts to Appeal to a New Generation of Shoppers

Victoria’s Secret’s lingerie, sleepwear and swimwear are a wardrobe staple for millions of women. But the company is now reshaping its image in an effort to appeal to shoppers who want more than just “pretty” products. The iconic brand is working to build a new message of inclusivity, self-love and empowerment, in the hopes that it will draw young people and women of all shapes and sizes back to its stores and online. Amid a backdrop of tumult in the culture, the brand has seen its sales slump and faces renewed competition from competitors who focus on body positivity and gender equality. Those brands include American Eagle’s Aerie, which launched in 2014 and emphasizes diversity with its “be real” slogan. Others, such as lingerie brand Parade and Rihanna’s Savage X Fenty, feature diverse models in their ads. Despite the push for greater inclusion, some experts say that Victoria’s Secret’s efforts may be too little too late. The company has seen its profits shrink amid a decline in retail and the impact of sexual misconduct allegations. In 2022, a Hulu documentary that examined the billionaire founder Les Wexner’s links to convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein revealed that Wexner had turned a blind eye to instances of harassment and assault at Victoria’s Secret, particularly under former chief marketing officer Ed Razek. After the show, the brand hired new executives and made major changes to its marketing strategy. It ended its tradition of featuring just a handful of “Angels” and instead showcased a larger group of women, including Indian actress Priyanka Chopra, soccer star Megan Rapinoe and plus-size model Paloma Elsesser. It also started airing a series of reality shows that highlighted the everyday lives and careers of its models. Besides the ad campaigns, Victoria’s Secret has remodeled its retail stores around the country, with lighter paint on the walls and mannequins of all different shapes and sizes. The company has also cut back on discounts, a move that is designed to make it more profitable and encourage people to buy its higher-priced items. In a bid to appeal to younger consumers, Victoria’s Secret has started offering a wider range of bras, ranging from sports and nursing bras to ones that offer support for breast implants. The company has also redesigned its bras, removing wires and adding stretch fabric and comfort features such as padded straps and adjustable bands that wrap around the neck or arm. The brand has also introduced a collection of intimates that is aimed at the “postpartum and breastfeeding” market. The collection includes seamless bras and thongs, as well as panties, shapewear and sleepwear. The brand is focusing on its international market as well, with a new line of Love Cloud bras and a redesigned website that offers multiple options for sizing. The company’s global eCommerce partner eShopWorld handles everything from checkout to payment processing and shipping for international orders. That makes it easy for customers to check out, even if they’re paying duties and taxes. Duty amounts vary depending on location and can add up quickly, but Victoria’s Secret and eShopWorld make the process as painless as possible for customers.

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Discover the Best Women Perfume For Women

The way we smell is a big part of our identity. The right perfume can have a powerful impact on the way other people perceive you, so it’s important to find one that suits your personality and scent. Fragrances can make a huge impression, and the perfect perfume for women will evoke a positive emotion when you walk into a room. But with so many perfumes on the market, how do you know which ones are right for you? Luckily, we’ve got you covered. From classic fragrances that have stood the test of time to new launches with fresh scents, these perfumes for women are sure to turn heads. Discover the perfume that will become your signature scent and start receiving compliments from strangers, with these amazing options. Floral Whether you’re looking for something soft and sweet or a little bit stronger, there is a scent that’s right for you. Unsurprisingly, floral perfumes are among the most popular and range from a single flower’s fragrance to bouquets of flowers like roses, jasmine, and peonies. These perfumes pair well with woody scents or oriental fragrances. Fresh and clean fragrances are another popular type of scent, a great choice for those who want to smell fresh throughout the day. For a crisp and clean scent, try Viva La Juicy, with hints of orange blossom, nectarine, cassis, wild orchid, and amber. The blend is a perfect combination of fruity and sultry. If you want a scent that’s as feminine and flirty as its creator, Paris Hilton’s Can Can perfume is the one for you. The scent is a mix of citrus and floral, with a hint of musk. It’s perfect for a girly night out or an elegant occasion. For a sophisticated and mature scent, try Christian Dior’s J’adore. This iconic perfume for women features a minimalistic style, with only one note, catalo. It’s an elegant yet sexy perfume that will instantly take your style to the next level. A bold and seductive perfume, Yves Saint Laurent Black Opium is one of the most popular perfumes for women that will get you compliments. The blend of sultry and exotic notes is as deep and intense as its namesake. The scent combines opulent notes like ylang ylang and vanilla orchids with deep notes such as patchouli and rum. Whether you’re a fan of floral, fresh, woody, or oriental fragrances, these perfumes for women are guaranteed to leave a lasting impression. Just remember that while these perfumes have a track record of getting compliments, personal preference and your unique body chemistry will play a significant role in finding the right fragrance for you. Choosing a perfume is an exciting process, so have fun trying these different options until you find the one that feels like you. And when you do, we know that it will be worth the investment. Enjoy the compliments!

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The Role of Fragrance in Human Behavior

Fragrance, also known as perfume or cologne, is a liquid mixture that emits a pleasant odor when rubbed on the skin. It is composed of fragrant essential oils extracted from plants or synthetic aromatic chemicals. It is usually combined with fixatives, which slow the evaporation of the fragrance and increase its longevity, and a solvent, a chemical that dissolves and contains the fragrance ingredients. Historically, perfume was created from plant materials, but modern perfumes are mostly synthesized in laboratories. Fragrances are widely used in a variety of personal care products such as soaps, deodorants, shampoos, lotions and body sprays. They are also commonly used in household cleaning and air freshening products. Some fragrances may contain hormone-disrupting and allergenic chemicals. Despite its popularity, little empirical research has been conducted on the role of fragrance in human behavior. While anecdotes and speculation abound, several observations suggest that perfume is an intrinsically rewarding stimulus. For example, perfume is created for and worn for pleasure more than any other function, and its use evokes positive emotions. Moreover, the hedonistic pleasure derived from smelling a favorite perfume seems to trigger the reward centers of the brain, including the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and amygdala. In addition to its inherent rewards, perfume may also act as a socially-contextually determined reinforcer. For example, the scent of perfume may help a woman seduce a man or mask the presence of an unpleasant body odor that would otherwise signal genetic incompatibility (Herz and Cahill 1997; Herz and Inzlicht 2002). It is important to note, however, that the context in which a smell is perceived strongly influences its connotation and denotation. For example, a smell of sweat and alcohol might carry negative connotations for some people, while others find it invigorating. The same is true of perfume; a perfume with a floral scent may have a more feminine connotation, while a woody fragrance may elicit masculine one. Two studies of female job interviewees found that wearing perfume caused men to devalue their ability for a job, but this result is not universally applicable. The first study compared women who did and did not wear the popular perfume Jontue to their male counterparts in a professional setting. The second experiment analyzed the effects of different olfactory stimuli in a laboratory setting. Both experiments found that men discounted the ability of female confederate job candidates who wore perfume, but this effect was not present in a field setting. In the future, neuroscientific research on fragnance could be useful in understanding how these hedonistic and socially-contextually determined stimuli reinforce human behavior. The OFC and amygdala are involved in both reward and olfactory processing, and the dopaminergic pathway innervates both the OFC and amygdala. The degree to which the experience of smelling a particular perfume activates this circuit is an intriguing question that awaits innovative neuroscience and reward research.

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The Advantages and Disadvantages of Fashion

Fashion is a phenomenon that is linked with beauty, style and glamour. It is a means of self-expression and an important form of socialization. It also promotes economic growth and fosters cultural celebration. It is important to understand the advantages and disadvantages of fashion so that we can harness its power for good. Fashion can be described as a set of clothing styles, trends and practices that are followed by a group of people over a certain period of time. These trends can be influenced by several factors, such as age, social class, generation and occupation. They can also vary in different geographic regions. In some cases, trends can even reappear at a later date. This is known as ‘trickle down’ fashion. The fashion industry is a huge business. It employs millions of people worldwide. Many of them design, sew, glue, dye and transport garments to stores for sale. The clothing we wear can influence our behaviour, both consciously and subconsciously. For example, we may imitate the clothing of celebrities or our friends in order to be fashionable. It is not just about dressing up for the sake of it, but about finding a look that suits you and makes you feel comfortable. A great way to do this is to mix and match styles, colours and fabrics. For instance, wearing a white shirt with dark jeans, or a black blazer with a light pink skirt. This allows you to try out new looks without going too far out of your comfort zone. Stylish clothes can be a great confidence boost. They can also help you stand out from the crowd and attract attention. This is especially true if you follow the latest trends. It is also a great way to express your personality and creativity. If you are not afraid to take risks, you can experiment with bold colors and patterns. But it is best to keep a balance between trendy and classic styles, as it can be easy to lose track of your personal style in the process. Fashion is an ever-changing and evolving concept. It is important to understand the benefits and disadvantages of fashion so that we can make wise decisions about what to buy and how to wear it. For example, a new dress might be a great idea for a dinner with friends, but if you’re going on an interview the next day then it might not be the best choice. In the same way, a new pair of shoes can make a real difference to your outfit and add a touch of fun or excitement, but be careful not to go overboard. Neutral colours are a great way to incorporate the latest trend into your wardrobe and can be worn for work or play. Pair them with a brightly coloured scarf or belt for an added pop of colour.

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What is Perfume?

Perfume is an aromatherapy spray that uses a combination of natural oils and synthetic chemicals to emit a distinctive scent. It can be worn as a way to enhance one’s personal style, boost confidence and self-esteem or simply to create a memorable mood. It has been shown that certain fragrances can trigger a variety of memories and emotions. For example, the smell of a rose can bring back memories of happy childhood moments and the scent of orange can make one feel energised. People have used perfume for thousands of years. The Romans, and later the Arabs, refined the art of making and wearing perfume. Catherine de Medici, the Italian wife of the French king, is credited with popularising the use of perfume among European royalty. Her signature scent was a combination of orange blossom and bergamot. The first step in perfume-making is the extraction of fragrant essential oils from plants. The most common method of obtaining these oils is through steam distillation. This involves placing plant material in boiling water and the fragrant compounds will evaporate along with the steam. The oil will remain behind, and can then be collected and diluted with alcohol to produce a perfume. It takes a large amount of plant material to obtain just a small quantity of oil, which is why perfumes are so expensive. Perfumes are generally composed of three distinct parts: top notes, middle notes and base notes. The top note is the initial scent released when the perfume is sprayed on. This smell is typically fleeting and disappears quickly as it mixes with your unique skin chemistry. The middle note is the heart of the perfume and begins to develop as the top notes evaporate. Finally, the base note is what remains for hours after the perfume has been sprayed on. The most commonly used plant aromatics for perfumes are flowers, fruits and herbs. Some of these include the oils extracted from the leaves and fruit of citrus trees; the oils of lavender, sage, and thyme; and the extracts from the flowers of several species of rose, jasmine, and orchid. Other botanicals that are often used as perfumes are lily of the valley, ylang-ylang, tuberose, and mimosa. The buds of narcissus, and scented geranium and chamomile are also commonly used in perfumes. Besides the natural plant-derived aromatics, many perfumes today also contain synthetic fragrances, which are made in laboratories using a wide variety of odourants. These odourants are also known as fragrance molecules, and may be derived from a wide variety of sources depending on the synthesis method used. For example, coumarin and linalool can be obtained from naturally occurring terpenes; whilst musk can be extracted from the glands of a musk deer or hyraceum, a compound derived from petrified hyrax dung or ambergris, which is an oily substance resulting from the breakdown of whale vomit. Despite the wide availability of natural fragrances, there is still a large market for perfumes that are manufactured using synthetic ingredients. These synthetic perfumes tend to be cheaper than those using natural materials and can offer a wider range of scents.

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Victoria’s Secret Is Taking a Risk With Its Shares

Lingerie retailer Victoria’s Secret is known for its yearly fashion shows, broadcast to millions and featuring Angels like Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum and Gisele Bundchen. But that image, which once made the brand a rite of passage for teen girls picking out their first push-up bras, began to dim as more women demanded inclusion and autonomy from brands. The company has since reshaped itself as a vehicle for inclusive, invincible self-love and revamped its products, including expanding into mastectomy bras, comfy sports bras and maternity bras. It’s also highlighting fuller-figured models in ads and on store mannequins, and adding size-inclusive lingerie start-ups like Adore Me and Frankies Bikinis to its portfolio. The company is taking a risk by embracing body positivity—which may not be an easy sell to the public—but the investment has been paying off. Shares have surged nearly 60% this year, a better return than the S&P 500. In the early days, the company was a niche player in undergarment sales, a result of founder Roy Raymond’s dissatisfaction with department stores’ frumpy undergarments and his desire to create a line that would empower women. His first catalogue was an instant hit, and he soon hired a team of women to help run the operation. A few years later, the company went public and started a retail expansion that continued for decades. It expanded its store footprint and became the largest lingerie retailer in the world. In the 1990s, it added its famous annual fashion show to the mix, which attracted a host of celebrity fans and became an international sensation. The televised events also turned Victoria’s Secret models into household names, as era-defining bombshells like Banks, Gigi Hadid and Kendall Jenner wore the label’s sexy lingerie on the runway with billowing silver capes and wings. But the shine came off when a three-part documentary series on Hulu, called Angels and Demons, detailed how company founder Les Wexner’s business dealings linked him to convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. The film also showed how the company had turned a blind eye to sexual misconduct and assault by its employees, particularly under former chief executive Ed Razek. In 2020, Razek left the company, which was then called L Brands, and Wexner stepped down as chairman. The coronavirus pandemic also contributed to the decline of the flagship brand, and investors were spooked by the company’s deteriorating stock price. Its new management worked quickly to execute a pivot. The fashion show was canceled, the Angels retired and the company introduced “the collective”: a group of diverse models representing its new values. It was led by plus-size model Paloma Elsesser, lesbian soccer star Megan Rapinoe and trans activist Valentina Sampaio, among others. The company’s teen brand, Pink, also got a makeover. In the meantime, the company has trimmed its expenses, cut its debt and improved its financial health. And its CEO, Martin Waters, is now overseeing both Victoria’s Secret and PINK, giving him a stronger grip on the company’s key brand while it continues to evolve.

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Top 5 Perfumes For Women

A perfume is a powerful and personal accessory that makes a statement about your mood and style. It can transport you back to your favorite memories—whether it’s the smell of your favorite meal as a kid or the perfume your mom used to wear. It can even be an olfactory reminder of a special event like your wedding day or giving a loved one a hug. That’s why it’s important to find a fragrance that speaks to your personality—and that you can keep with you all the time. Luckily, perfumes are available in a myriad of options, from floral to fruity to woody, so you’re sure to find something that suits your taste. To help you choose, we compiled a list of the best perfumes for women that will embody your unique style. 1. Gucci Bloom If you’re looking for a feminine scent that exudes radiance and joy, this perfume is the right choice for you. The floral symphony of tuberose, jasmine, and Rangoon creeper will bring a smile to the faces of everyone who encounters you. Plus, it’s long-lasting and doesn’t overpower, so you can easily reapply throughout the day. 2. La Vie Est Belle Lancome’s bestselling perfume for women is as pretty as it is sophisticated. Its enchanting blend of floral and fruity notes, including jasmine sambac and orange blossom, is balanced with earthy patchouli to create an intoxicating fragrance that leaves behind a radiant aura. 3. Fleur Narcotique One of the most popular perfumes for women from the brand is this spritz that’s equal parts sensual and refreshing. It’s no wonder why it’s a top pick for many—the blend of green apple, rose, and peony is complemented by transparent wood, moss, and musk for an invigorating scent that exudes confidence and allure. 4. Aventus For Her The bright, fruity scent of Creed’s infamous Aventus perfume made it a hit among the unisex fragrance community, so it was only natural to create a version for women. Aventus For Her is just as bold and uplifting as its predecessor, but it features notes of pineapple, cassis, Bulgarian rose, and ylang-ylang for an intense floral bouquet. This perfume for women radiates femininity and is inspired by a woman who’s always in charge. 5. Jo Malone London Peony & Blush Suede As the name suggests, this perfume for women from British label Jo Malone London is invigorating and romantic. Its blend of peony and blush suede evokes powdery elixirs that were popular decades ago, but the aroma is still fresh, modern, and oh-so-feminine.

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How Fragrance Affects Sexual Attraction

Fragrance is a pleasant smell, and it’s often associated with flowers. The scent of something fragrant is also called a perfume or cologne. The word fragrance can be used in a positive context, such as “These flowers have a very nice fragrance.” It’s also sometimes used in a more ironic or humorous way, as in “That’s a strong fragrance coming from your leftovers in the refrigerator.” The earliest known reference to perfume dates back to the Etruscans who were devotees of adornment. They would rub scented oils on their bodies and dress with fragrant materials. Even today, the French are renowned for their perfume fashion and culture. Perfume was a popular craze in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as well when women doused themselves with fragrant substances and sprayed their robes with an array of perfumes each day. The odor of a person’s body is a significant part of their personal appeal and has been shown to affect sexual attraction. Two recent studies found that men’s natural body odor and their use of perfume can have a powerful effect on whether they are considered attractive by females. Moreover, the study found that women rate a man’s body odor and fragrance more highly than other characteristics including social status, age, height, weight, and education. A person’s personal fragrance is often determined by their mood. For example, women in a positive mood will select a floral or fruity perfume. A woman in a sad or angry mood will choose a more masculine scent such as musk or woody. Mood isn’t the only factor that influences a person’s perfume choice; personality and situation also play a role. In one study, women were asked to select a perfume to wear in a job interview and were then assessed for their suitability for the position. The results showed that women who selected a perfume with a more masculine scent, such as musk, were rated more favorably than women who chose a more feminine perfume such as rose or lily. The researchers speculated that the men in the study perceived women who wore a more masculine fragrance as being tougher and more assertive, while the women who chose more feminine perfumes were judged to be more nurturing. Many of the chemicals that make up a perfume are dangerous to our health and may cause disease. Inhaling these chemical vapors can cause hormone disruption and harm the reproductive system, for instance. The word fragrance covers dozens or hundreds of individual chemicals that are typically listed on the product labels of beauty, cleaning, and personal care products. Moreover, the majority of raw fragrance materials have little available safety information. Fragrance chemicals are ubiquitous environmental pollutants and are emitted into indoor environments where they can form air pollution in the form of volatile organic compounds. The International Fragrance Association claims that there are more than 3,500 fragrance chemicals in common use, and exposure to some of these can lead to a variety of health problems.

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The Influence of Fashion on Our Daily Lives

Fashion is an important aspect of culture and society. People use fashion to communicate their beliefs and values. It is an ever-changing medium, reflecting the world around us and the changes that happen in it. Fashion is a form of non-verbal communication that sends out possible cues about the individual’s social status, values and lifestyle. It also serves as a way for individuals to express themselves and connect with other members of their community. Fashion changes along with the current social and cultural moments throughout history. What appears on the runways and in celebrity media is a reflection of the wider cultural landscape, so trends may not always be universally adopted by the masses. However, the fashion industry can still be a powerful force for good. For example, it can be a platform to promote gender equality and raise awareness of issues like mental health, sexuality and climate change. Fashion has a lot of influence on our daily lives. It is a big business and it involves many people around the globe: designers, producers, suppliers, retailers and consumers. It also influences our moods, emotions and even behaviour. It can be a source of pleasure or anxiety, depending on how much time we spend on our looks. There are a lot of different factors that influence our sense of style: media, celebrities, friends and family. We all want to look our best and feel good about ourselves. It is a kind of addiction, so the fashion industry needs to keep offering new fashionable products to its consumers. The fast-fashion trend in the 1990s and 2000s made it easy for people to shop cheaply for new clothes, shoes and body make-up. These were copies of high-end designer fashions, but with cheaper production and distribution costs. This led to a huge increase in consumer choice and the rapid creation of new styles. Moreover, fashion is a cultural phenomenon that can be seen in all aspects of everyday life: from the bare mid-riffs of 90210 to the baggy pants of hip hop. Popular culture, which is a combination of music, art, film and television, often has a strong influence on fashion trends. The clothing we wear reflects our culture and identity, but it can also serve as a symbol of power or wealth. For example, judges wear robes, people in the military wear uniforms, and brides wear white dresses. These are ways that we show the world our respect and loyalty to specific social groups or institutions. In the past, fashion was a way for upper classes to display their wealth and power. However, in modern times, the fashion industry has become more democratic and accessible to all people. This is partly due to the growing popularity of sustainable fashion, which aims to reduce environmental impact and support fair trade. It is also due to the rise of women’s rights and gender equality. This movement has caused the fashion industry to rethink its designs and production processes, leading to more inclusive, gender-neutral styles that are less restrictive and more versatile.

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A Brief History of Perfume

Perfume is a spritz of scent that fills your clothing, hair and skin with a sweet and pleasant smell. It is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents used to give people, animals, objects and living spaces an agreeable fragrance. Today, perfumes contain tens to hundreds of ingredients including natural and synthetic ones. They range in price from quite inexpensive to expensive and are sold in many different concentrations. They come in a wide variety of bottle types and packaging and are available in classic perfumes, celebrity fragrances and unisex scents. The earliest perfumes were used to emulate nature’s pleasant aromas and were aromatic resins and oil distilled from flowers and plants. They were first mentioned on a Mesopotamian cuneiform tablet and later developed by the Romans and Arabs who refined their manufacture with perfumery techniques brought to Europe by their ambassadors. By the 16th century, the personal perfumer to Catherine de’ Medici in Florence, Italy had perfected his skills and refined them to a point where he could mix the scents of rose, jasmine, orange flower, violet, lily-of-the-valley, and musk into one blend. The resulting product was so finely balanced that it lasted all day and gave off a delicate, long-lasting, complex scent. In the modern world, perfumes may be formulated with ingredients from all over the world. Many botanicals, such as flowers, grasses, herbs, spices, fruits, woods, roots, barks, resins, balsams, and leaves are commonly used. Additionally, animal secretions like musk and ambergris are also commonly included. In addition to these natural products, there are also a number of synthetic materials which can be used to create scents that cannot be made naturally and to replicate natural ones more precisely. All perfumes include top notes, middle notes and base notes. The top notes are the smallest molecules that evaporate first and form the initial impression of the perfume. The middle notes are more concentrated and form the heart of the perfume. Finally, the base notes are the longest-lasting molecules and provide a smooth, lasting, enduring smell. While there are numerous reasons for wearing perfume, it is undoubtedly a confidence booster and can make people feel more desirable. It is also said to alter moods and evoke memories. It is no wonder that people love to wear it and want to smell good! Although there are some health concerns associated with perfumes, especially from the chemicals and additives found in some perfumes, most people can safely use them in moderation. However, some individuals are sensitive to specific chemicals and can have an allergic reaction. These people should avoid perfumes containing eucalyptus, linalool and limonene which are known to cause irritation. In addition, perfumes that are spritzed close to the nose can irritate the eyes and ears. Perfumes that are sprayed on the body will evaporate more slowly and will be less irritating to those with sensitivities. Those with sensitive skin should avoid any perfumes that contain phthalates, which can cause contact dermatitis.

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Victoria’s Secret is Making a Comeback

Victoria’s Secret, the pink empire of bras and lingerie that once made its name with a televised fashion show featuring sexy, tanned models, is trying to change its image to attract a younger, more diverse audience. The company is now the largest underwear retailer in North America, and it is trying to make a comeback after a rocky couple of years that saw same-store sales decline and a loss of market share to upstart competitors. The company was founded in 1977 by entrepreneur Ron Raymond, who opened the first store in San Francisco and began to publish catalogs that featured models wearing the brand’s designs. It became a national brand in the 1980s, and by the 1990s it was selling over $2 billion worth of merchandise a year. During this time, Victoria’s Secret became famous for its annual fashion shows, which turned supermodels like Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum, and Gisele Bundchen into household names. The company was also known for its risqué, sexually suggestive marketing, as well as for its body-positive message. But in recent years, Victoria’s Secret has struggled to adapt to shifting cultural attitudes. The #MeToo movement emboldened women to look for brands that celebrated a more positive message about the bodies they had, and the emergence of upstart competitors that prioritized diversity helped Victoria’s Secret lose ground. In 2019, the company’s long-time marketing chief Edward Razek resigned and founder Leslie Wexner apologized for his ties to the late financier Jeffrey Epstein, who was indicted on sex trafficking charges. The same year, the company announced it would rethink its annual fashion show. In 2021, the company rebranded itself as an independent public company and separated from its parent company L Brands. It has since revamped its stores and its lingerie collections, and it has reworked its branding and marketing to appeal to a new generation of consumers. It has introduced its first plus-size model in over a decade, and it has started to feature more black, Latinx, and Asian models. In its new campaign, Victoria’s Secret is promising to be “infinite and unconquerable” and to celebrate women of all shapes, sizes, and colors. The VS Collective, which features women such as MMA fighter Rose Namajunas, refugee model Adut Akech, and trans activist and soccer player Megan Rapinoe, represents an important shift in the company’s approach to inclusivity. The brand’s new advertising is a sharp departure from the bombshell images that dominated its marketing in the past, and it’s an attempt to reclaim its reputation for being body-positive. The campaign is a huge gamble, but it could pay off big if the company can win over its core audience of young, wealthy women. If you are interested in purchasing Victoria’s Secret merchandise, it is best to go through a global eCommerce company called eShopWorld. This company handles everything from checkout to payment processing to delivery for Victoria’s Secret international orders. eShopWorld will show you the total cost, including any applicable duties and taxes, before you place your order. You can choose to pay the duties upfront or have them billed to your credit card later.

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Women Perfume at Maison Francis Kurkdjian

Fragrance is an important part of any woman’s wardrobe. It not only enhances the olfactory experience of every moment, but also expresses all facets of a fulfilled and radiant femininity. The collection of women perfume at Maison Francis Kurkdjian is like a wardrobe, offering you fragrances to wear in any occasion: elegant, natural or sophisticated, spontaneous or sultry. Choosing the right perfume for a woman is like finding the key to a closed box filled with emotions. A perfect scent describes her dignity and character to the outside world while creating a memory that will remain with her throughout life. Perfume was first created around the 2nd millennium B.C, and the art of selecting the best perfumes for women has never been more diverse. The most recent development in this category of cosmetics is the arrival of clean perfumes, with their more natural ingredients that are more suitable for sensitive skin. In addition, the perfume industry has evolved with new techniques to better capture the essence of flowers and natural elements for an intoxicating aroma that lasts longer. The bestselling perfumes for women offer an array of irresistible scents that can be worn in any situation and are adapted to different age groups. For example, there are eau de toilette and eaux de parfum perfumes for teens that are lighter than the classic scents and have a more delicate and youthful profile that reflects their personality. There are even eau de parfum perfumes for babies and young children that contain less volatile substances that are safe to be used on the youngest members of your family. With a few tweaks in the formula, many of these perfumes can be used for men as well. Nevertheless, the fragrance industry has not completely embraced this trend as the gender-specific categories are still the dominant ones for women’s perfumes and men’s fragrances. This is especially visible in the names and bottle designs, where women’s perfumes usually feature curved bottles and more feminine names such as Belle or Daisy, while men’s perfumes have dark colors and masculine scents with titles that conjure images of Bear Grylls type survivalists such as Sauvage or Le Male. Regardless of the category, there are some universal fragrance notes that have been shown to be most popular. The perfume shopping website, OnBuy, analyzed the top 10 women’s perfumes and men’s fragrances to determine which scents are most commonly used in each. The results are listed below. If you want a perfume that is both fresh and sweet, try one of the best perfumes for women such as Ralph Lauren’s Roses Vanille. This floral gourmand combines realistic rose and vanilla notes with bergamot, spring mimosa and Hawaiian wedding flower for an optimistic fragrance that is long-lasting and sure to turn heads. Or, opt for YSL’s Ck One, a fresh and fruity scent with a mix of tropical fruits such as lemon, papaya and pineapple combined with green tea and cardamom for a unique blend of fragrances that is both refreshing and invigorating.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a mixture of chemicals that give a product a distinctive smell. It can come from natural sources like flowers, pine trees and food or from synthetically manufactured fragrances commonly found in scented household products. Regardless of origin, over 5000 different fragrance chemicals are used in a wide variety of products. Fragrance is a common ingredient in perfume, cologne, aftershave and deodorant. In fact, a single bottle of perfume may contain tens to hundreds of individual fragrance ingredients that are simply listed by the generic term “fragrance.” Many of these fragrance chemicals are known to be skin allergens that can cause rashes and other unpleasant reactions. Perfume is the most commonly used form of fragrance and is applied to the skin for a pleasant odour. Perfume can be classified into 5 main groups loosely based on their concentration of aromatic compounds. Parfum, or extrait, has the highest concentration of fragrance and is the most expensive. Other scents such as eau de toilette or cologne, eau de parfum, and eau de concentree have lower concentrations of perfume oils. The lower concentrations of oil in the perfumes are often referred to by terms such as extreme, intense, or concentrated, however, the perfume oils that make up these different scents are not necessarily the same. For example, the perfume oil that makes up Chanel No. 5 in its parfum, EdP, and the discontinued EdC concentrations are actually different perfume oil mixtures. The top notes are the light, short-lasting scents that come from citruses and other fruit, spices, herbs, or florals. Middle notes have a deeper, more complex and rounded aroma. They include the heart of a perfume and provide the lasting impression of the scent. These are typically made from more potent natural fragrance materials such as rose, jasmine, ylang ylang, lily of the valley and geranium. The base notes add richness, depth, and balance to the perfume and are comprised of large molecules that last 2-4 hours after application. They can include woody notes such as patchouli and oakmoss or aquatic or marine notes, such as calone or muguet. Traditionally, some of the odour ingredients in perfume were obtained from animals such as whales and the civet cat. These are now replaced with plant extracts and synthetic ingredients that duplicate the scent of these natural animal odours. While some perfumes are made only from natural essential oils or tinctures, most modern fragrances contain a mix of both. The difference between natural and synthetic ingredients is that synthetics can be more readily available and can be formulated to achieve certain desired scents more economically than the rarer natural ingredients. For example, the ozonous marine notes of linalool and coumarin can be synthesized inexpensively from terpenes, while the fresh odour of orchids requires the expensive molecule called hexyl cinnamal. The fragrance industry has maintained a rigorous system of safety assurance for more than 30 years. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials maintain a systematic testing program that includes hazard identification, exposure assessment, skin sensitization, group health, respiratory, and environmental testing.

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The Complexity of Fashion

Fashion is the way people express themselves through clothes. It is an ever-changing art form that reflects our culture and society’s values. Fashion is also a reflection of a person’s mood and personality. It can be seen in one’s hair, clothing, makeup, and body language. There are many different ways to define fashion, but it is often interpreted as the current style and trends that are popular in a particular period. Whether we like it or not, we are all impacted by fashion in some way. Millions of people work in the fashion industry designing, sourcing, sewing, and producing garments for our everyday wear. Fashion has become so ubiquitous that it is almost impossible to escape. In our daily lives, we see the latest styles on television, in magazines, and in movies. We can see the influence of fashion in our hairstyles, clothes, and even in the length of our skirts. It is widely assumed that changes in fashion reflect societal change or the financial interests of manufacturers and designers. However, recent research suggests that there are internal taste mechanisms at play as well. This research explores these theories and offers valuable insights into the complex nature of the fashion industry. Fashion can be a powerful tool for social change and activism, but it can also have a negative impact on mental health. The pressure to keep up with the latest trends can lead to an unhealthy obsession with appearances and a lack of self-confidence. This is especially true for young girls who are influenced by the media and their peers to look a certain way. Embracing sustainable, ethical, and local fashion practices can help alleviate these issues. The latest trends are influenced by a variety of factors, including cultural and political influences, the popularity of celebrity culture, and the availability of new fabrics and materials. In addition, consumers are becoming more aware of the environmental impacts of the fashion industry. As a result, they are increasingly seeking out brands that produce their clothes using eco-friendly and sustainable practices. As the world’s largest industry, fashion is a major driver of global economic growth and has the power to transform societies. But it also has a significant impact on the environment, with millions of workers involved in the design, production, and distribution of garments. This research explores the ways in which fashion can be used to promote sustainability, foster social inclusion, and enhance personal wellbeing. Fashion is a cultural phenomenon that reflects our beliefs and attitudes about beauty, body image, and identity. It can be a powerful tool for social change, but it must be managed responsibly to avoid exploiting and dehumanising vulnerable people. This is why it’s so important to support artisanal and sustainable fashion, choose organic cotton, and reject the idea that “fast fashion” is a good thing. Ultimately, we must strive to be authentic and find our own style, rather than trying to imitate the trends of others.

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The History of Perfume

A perfume is a combination of fragrances, such as essential oils or aroma compounds dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed on the skin to give off a pleasant scent. It is used to enhance the wearer’s sense of smell, and may also be ingested as a food flavoring or applied to clothing to emit an attractive aroma. Perfumes are typically classified into five groups loosely based on their concentration of aromatic compounds. The highest concentration is called parfum, or extrait, and contains a very high amount of the compound. Perfumes have also been developed to achieve specific physiological and psychological effects, such as boosting positive mood or lowering heart rate. The story of perfume begins with the discovery of the chemical components of fragrant oils and the development of distillation techniques that make it feasible to extract a single ingredient from large quantities of raw materials. It was during the seventeenth century that perfume became popular in Europe. It was especially prevalent in France, where hygiene practices were fairly primitive at the time and odors could be a major issue. Perfume was often used to mask unpleasant body odor and to amplify the scent of a person’s clothes. Perfume is a very complex mixture, and it can contain tens to hundreds of ingredients. Generally, the compounds are a blend of natural or synthetic oils or aromas and fixatives that are diluted in a solvent to make them more pleasant to the sense of smell. Natural scents can vary greatly depending on the time of year and the locale in which they are grown or harvested, as well as the method of extraction. Because of this, a perfumer will have a favorite or preferred supplier for particular flowers (Indian jasmine vs. Grasse jasmine) and may alter a perfume’s composition by adding different amounts of one scent or another to maximize profit margins. The same is true of many other raw materials and ingredients, and unscrupulous suppliers will even adulterate the scent by substituting the actual material (adding Indian jasmine to Grasse rosewood, for example) to increase their profits. The main point of Suskind’s story is that, as with a musical composition, when a person applies a perfume the top notes open with a crescendo of aroma and then mellow out into the middle note. After the middle note, the base note comes into play and is blended into the individual’s unique skin chemistry, giving off a harmonious overall impression. A perfume’s harmony is what makes it memorable, and it is the reason why some scents are recognizable even after a short period of time. Perfume: The Story of a Murderer is a fascinating exploration of the magical power of perfume and how it can affect our behavior and emotions. I highly recommend it.

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The Victoria’s Secret Lingerie Crisis

Victoria’s Secret is the world’s largest intimates specialty retailer, offering a full assortment of modern, fashion-inspired collections including signature bras, panties, lingerie, sleepwear, swim and athleisure. The brand also offers prestige fragrances and body care products. The company was founded in 1977 by entrepreneur Ron Raymond. It started with a single store and a catalog, but now has grown into a global retail powerhouse. The lingerie brand’s most recent fashion show, titled Undefinable, is a complete 180 from the blonde bombshells and all-pink era it was known for. It features a diverse cast of models, including MMA fighter Rose Namajunas, paralympic athlete Femita Ayanbeku and country singer-songwriter Brittany Spencer. The new marketing campaign shatters all stereotypes of what a Victoria’s Secret angel looks like and promotes female empowerment. However, this attempt to take itself more seriously is not well-received by viewers. The rom-com-style voice overs used to transition between the mini-shows and the glaring pink lighting seem to be the most obvious missteps. And the sexy, over-sexualized images of the VS Angels are not in step with a culture that has begun to reject objectification and reclaim girlhood. Despite the company’s attempts to flip its narrative and make it more inclusive, it is still struggling to connect with younger consumers. For Sierra Mariela, a 20-year-old sophomore at the University of Pennsylvania, the lingerie is not the problem; it’s the messaging that’s off-putting. She hasn’t stepped foot in a Victoria’s Secret store in over five years, and instead buys her lingerie at Target or on Depop, a privately-held marketplace for used clothing. When a major scandal shook the company in 2020, Victoria’s Secret had to cancel its Super Bowl halftime show and faced criticism over its association with child sex trafficker Jeffrey Epstein and its punishing size standards. In the aftermath, a crop of more body-positive underwear brands such as Aerie and ThirdLove began to take market share from Victoria’s Secret, and sales slipped. The company was forced to address its image issues head-on, hiring its first plus-size model and revamping the way it marketed its products. In addition, the brand expanded its offerings to include mastectomy bras and comfy sports bras. And its stores are being redesigned to be brighter and more feminine, with blush pink walls and pink lights. But the company is still trying to grapple with what it means to be a brand that celebrates women, and a new documentary on Hulu, titled Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons, helps connect the dots between the underworld of high fashion and the billionaire class, child sex trafficking, and pedophilia. The harrowing exposé suggests that, even in the age of the MeToo movement, the sexual misconduct is far from over and that there’s much work to do to create an industry where people are treated fairly.

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Women Perfume – What’s Right For You?

The fragrances you wear are an extension of yourself. They communicate your mood, emotions, and personality while also evoking memories of past experiences. That’s why deciding what to wear is such an important decision, whether you’re looking for a scent to make you feel confident or to remind you of that special someone. When it comes to women perfume, there are so many options — from floral to woody to fruity to sweet. And while some scents are marketed as feminine or masculine, it’s all about what feels right on your skin. Gender-specific fragrance stereotypes date back to 19th century Europe, when men and women were firmly cemented into distinct roles—with men working outside the home and women remaining at home, caring for the children, cooking, and arranging flowers. These societal expectations mirrored the aromas people chose to wear, with floral scents associated with femininity and woody, earthy fragrances linked to masculinity. With the recent rise in awareness around gender equality, some of these scent stereotypes have started to fall apart and brands are rethinking how they market their perfumes. Gender-specific perfumes are still available, but they’re no longer the norm. In fact, blindfolded participants in a fragrance study revealed that there are no true olfactory hints of sex—it’s all about what each person perceives as the smell of a particular scent. If you’re in the market for a new signature fragrance, here are some of our favorites to try. The bestselling perfume for women, Lancome’s La Vie Est Belle is a bright floral fragrance with a rich woody base. It’s fresh and fruity with a hint of spice and is a perfect pick for a day when you want to feel energized and confident. Chanel No. 5 is a timeless scent that’s beloved for a reason, with notes of jasmine sambac and sandalwood that are both feminine and sensual. It’s a great choice for anyone who wants a classic yet modern scent that works well with any wardrobe. A cult-favorite, the olfactory nuances of neroli and petitgrain are delicate and refreshing in this clean perfume. It’s a perfect everyday scent that also contains the benefits of Herkimer diamond crystal energized by Louisa Mita to bolster positivity and wellbeing. One of Dior’s most recognizable scents was sung to the heavens by Charlize Theron in their iconic J’adore commercials, and it still remains the French house’s bestselling perfume today. It’s a rich, luxurious fragrance with a blend of black cherry, bitter liqueur, Turkish rose, and Arabian jasmine that’s opulent and sultry. A sexy, sophisticated scent that’s both feminine and sultry, this is the ideal fragrance for women who want to feel strong and powerful. It’s a woody floral with hints of patchouli and frankincense that exudes confidence.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is the term used to describe a combination of various natural and/or synthetic aromatic materials that creates a definite odor effect. It can be combined to form a perfume, cologne or body spray. In the case of a fragrance, the word “fragrance” is often used to refer to all of the individual raw materials and compounds that go into the product and are not necessarily listed on the ingredient list. Fragrance includes essential oils, extracts and chemicals as well as many other raw materials. It is possible for a single fragrance to have several hundred components. The raw material that gives the fragrance its initial impression on the wearer. It may be natural (such as citrus peels or herbs) or artificial (methyl acetate or propionic aldehydes to emphasize the first “fruity” impression of a cologne). A perfumer’s ability to combine different raw materials and create a balanced complex that develops an accord. Accord is achieved when the components of the fragrance blend into a unified impression that can be described and classified as one whole – an analogous process to music composition. The concept of accord is a central part of perfumery and the art of creating fragrance. An aromatic extract of a natural plant material that has been processed by enfleurage, alcohol extraction or steam distillation. An important raw material for perfume because it provides a fresh and crisp impression, it is used as a top note in colognes and can act as an olfactory bridge in complex perfumes. A family of scents that are often perceived as feminine and delicate. They contain ingredients such as jasmine, rose and lily of the valley and include a wide variety of subfamilies. A very common and widely used group of notes. The olfactory impression of earth, grass and roots, especially those of the iris family (i.e., orris oil). The olfactory impression of green leaves, bark, wood and other plant materials. This is a very broad and diverse group of scents that also contains a number of key natural and synthetic ingredients, such as pine and cedar oils. A group of fragrance notes that is generally seen as warm and woody. They usually feature spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg and bay and may include woods like sandalwood and patchouli. Two studies in the 1980’s reported that male job applicants exhibited negative bias against female candidates who wore perfume. This was most pronounced when the perfumes were very strong. Other research has shown that women can be biased against men who wear excessive amounts of fragrance, even if it is subtle, because the smell can mask a natural body odor that indicates genetic compatibility. The International Fragrance Association and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials set voluntary standards for chemicals in a fragrance. These are known as the IFRA and RIFM regulations.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a general term that refers to the clothing and other style trends that become popular in society. It is a highly influential industry and it varies by time, place, age group, social class and gender. Fashion is also influenced by cultural events and media. It is often compared to art and music. The fashion industry is a fast-moving and ever-changing one, which requires constant attention from the public in order to stay ahead of the competition. People often try to keep up with the latest fashion trends in order to be considered fashionable and attractive. This can be achieved by reading magazines, newspapers, or by following social media channels. The fashion industry is a global business that influences culture, politics and economics in both the developed and developing world. It is a multi-billion dollar industry that consists of the design, manufacture and retailing of garments and accessories. The most famous fashion brands are Chanel, Gucci and Armani. The fashion industry is a powerful form of cultural expression that can be used to communicate messages about identity and community. It can also be used to challenge and subvert societal norms and values. Throughout history, there have been many different styles of clothing and accessories that have gone in and out of fashion. For example, in the 1960s, the miniskirt became a symbol of feminism and freedom. While the cassocks worn by nuns and monks were seen as a sign of renunciation of vanity. Fashion is also a way of conveying one’s personal style and individuality. It can be seen in the way a person dresses, with the use of jewelry, shoes or the way they cut their hair. It can also be seen in the way a person speaks, with their accent, vocabulary or tone of voice. A person’s style can change with their age, location, job and even their attitude towards life. Some people are able to adapt quickly to changes in fashion while others are slower to do so. In recent decades, print and electronic media have been a big influence on fashion trends. People look to celebrities, politicians, and even their favourite models for inspiration on how they should dress. Moreover, the emergence of fast fashion has allowed people to easily access the latest styles at affordable prices. While fashion is a way to express oneself, it can also have negative effects on individuals. It can lead to an unhealthy lifestyle where a person becomes obsessed with creating their own style statement and is unable to concentrate on other aspects of life. It can also make them a victim of the cult of celebrity where they follow a specific personality or character without thinking about their own values and beliefs. Moreover, it can be a burden on the young generation as they are spending most of their time trying to create their own unique style rather than learning other skills. This is also damaging to their mental health and can cause depression.

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Perfume – A Natural Aphrodisiac

Whether you are trying to impress someone at work, get the attention of a potential love interest or simply want to smell good throughout the day, perfume can help. It is a combination of oils and chemicals that are sprayed on the skin to create a distinct fragrance. Its scent lasts much longer than body odor and helps to define your personal brand. Perfume can also function as a natural aphrodisiaci. Some ingredients in perfume, such as jasmine, rose and ylang-ylang, contain pheromones that are thought to stimulate the sense of smell (1). Perfumes are available in a wide variety of scents, from light floral to woody and musky. They typically consist of a three-part smell: top notes (the first smells your nose detects), middle notes (the scent that lasts about an hour after application) and base notes (the smells that remain the longest). Some perfumes also have additional components such as spices, herbs, woods, fruits, or even animal pheromones. The most common ingredient in perfume is florals, including rose, jasmine, ylang-ylang and tuberose. These are usually combined with other florals and other fragrant materials to give the perfume its signature scent. Other popular perfume ingredients include bergamot, blackcurrants and vanilla. The perfume industry uses a variety of techniques to extract these smells, from pressing or distilling plants to chemically synthesizing them. (2) Fragrances made from animals are becoming increasingly common as the perfume industry looks to lessen its dependency on chemical compounds. Some animal pheromones are extremely potent, and they can provide a unique scent that is both fresh and invigorating. However, there is a certain amount of controversy surrounding the ethical use of animal pheromones in perfume. It is also possible to find perfumes that do not use any animal products at all. For example, some companies produce perfumes with synthetic aromas such as linalool and coumarin. These smell similar to the terpenes found in many natural flowers. Many of the synthetic aromas are created to replace natural ingredients that are becoming scarcer or harder to obtain. Aside from the natural benefits of perfume, many people wear it to express their mood or personality. In a study by Herz, women reported that the perfume they chose to wear was related to their current emotional state and was consistent with how they wanted others to perceive them. In addition, the fragrance they picked was based on the occasion for which they were planning to wear it. For instance, a woman who wished to appear romantic would choose a floral scent while one who was looking for a job interview might opt for a more musky and masculine fragrance. In the early nineteenth century, a change in public perception of germ theory led to a decline in perfume wearing and a gender-specific definition of fragrance types. Sweet floral blends and floral scents were viewed as feminine, while sharper pine, moss, cedar, and juniper perfumes were seen as masculine. The trend eventually reversed in the mid-nineteenth century.

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Victoria Secret Is Trying to Re-Shape Its Image As the Palace of Pink Dreams

The brand’s former vibe (thin, tanned models thrilled to wink at an audience of men cheering nearby) was no longer welcome to shoppers demanding inclusivity and autonomy. That’s why victoria secret is trying to reshape its image as the palace of pink dreams, a place for all women to buy clothes that reflect their invincible self-love. The company’s early days In the 1980s, entrepreneur Roy Raymond was fed up with frumpy undergarments from department stores and saw a niche for what would become Victoria’s Secret. He meticulously researched the lingerie market for 8 years and developed his line of bras, introducing the infamous Miracle Bra in 1993. The lingerie was an immediate success, and within a few years the company had grown to 350 Victoria’s Secret stores and a massive catalog business. By the mid-2000s, the brand had expanded into a one-stop shop for everything a woman might need: undergarments, sleep wear, beauty products, clothing, shoes and swimwear, plus a sexy, tween-appropriate line called PINK. And its annual fashion show was a sexy spectacle of glitzy, feathered wings and sexy lingerie worn by Angels (models) like Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum and Gisele Bundchen. The company’s growth accelerated until the early 2010s, when the #MeToo movement and increasing calls for greater representational inclusivity—particularly around body size, race and gender—began to chip away at sales. The scandals that rocked the brand in 2020 and 2022 (the firing of exec Ed Razek over alleged inappropriate contact with an underage student, and an accusation from the former model Bridget Malcolm that he sexually assaulted her) signalled the need for change. While VS has taken steps toward inclusion, it hasn’t been enough to reverse the brand’s declining fortunes. Upstart competitors like ThirdLove and Rihanna’s Savage X Fenty have begun to take a big chunk out of the company’s share, while its own attempts to shift the brand’s narrative from sexiness to empowerment have seemed like too little too late. As a result, the brand has seen its profits decline for two straight years. The company’s latest move to embrace a more inclusive image, however, might be the first sign that the company has finally gotten it right. This year, victoria secret announced that it would be casting more diverse models—including lesbian soccer champ Megan Rapinoe and plus-size model Paloma Elsesser—for its annual runway show and its new collection of lingerie to be released afterward. This is the most overt change to the brand’s imagery in its history, but it may be just a small part of a bigger plan for a much-needed overhaul. It’s too soon to say whether this will work, but it’s an encouraging start. It’s clear that the company is finally listening to what its consumers are saying. It’s a bold move that could just save the empire from fading into irrelevance. For now, Sierra Mariela, a 20-year-old sophomore at the University of Pennsylvania, is sticking with Target and Depop (a private marketplace for used lingerie) for her sexy needs.

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Best Women’s Perfume

The scent of your perfume says a lot about you, from the moment it hits the skin. It can stir up a nostalgic memory, like the smell of your mom’s perfume from when you were young, or it could represent a new chapter in your life. But with so many scents out there, it can be tricky to find the one that’s right for you. From timeless aromas that speak for themselves, like Chanel No. 5 or a reinterpretation of Frederic Malle’s Portrait of a Lady, to clean options with an upscale aesthetic that’ll look great on your vanity, the best perfumes for women feature irresistible fragrances that last all day without getting overpowering. Whether you’re looking for something fresh and fruity, woodsy and musky or sweet and floral, there is a perfume out there for everyone. The best perfumes for women also boast unique notes that add a special touch and set them apart from the crowd. To narrow down your options, professional perfumer Kalliope Amorphous recommends starting by assessing what notes you’re drawn to most. “Look at the top notes, which are the initial scents that hit your nose when you spritz, and see what kind of vibe they’re giving off,” she tells InStyle. “Once you know what you’re into, it will be easier to test out other fragrances.” A spritz of the perfect perfume can instantly elevate an outfit and boost your confidence. That’s why we’ve rounded up some of the best perfumes for women with different notes, price points and bottle sizes. If you’re in the mood for something bright and fresh, Calvin Klein’s Ck One is a top pick. With a blend of green tea and hints of cardamom, this light perfume opens with citrus and tropical notes. It’s an ideal scent for summer. This is a perfume for the bold, free-spirited woman who’s not afraid to be her true self. Lolita Lempicka’s first perfume is reminiscent of her non-conformist princess persona, and the red-orange notes speak to passion and romance. It’s impossible to forget the gilded J’adore commercials featuring Charlize Theron dripping in gold, and the fragrance itself is just as memorable. The black plum and patchouli-heavy notes of this unisex perfume are hypnotic and sensual. A floral gourmand that’s as soft and luscious as a freshly picked bouquet, this heavenly fragrance features hints of orange blossom absolute, Hawaiian wedding flower, jasmine and rose. The uplifting top notes are balanced by the warm and rich base of musk, vanilla, amber and sandalwood. It’s the kind of fragrance that can take you from a day in the office to dinner with your S.O.. And its sleek black-and-gold packaging will look just as chic on your vanity as it does in your bag.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of chemicals that give perfume and cologne its distinctive aroma. A single perfume can contain up to 200 different chemical ingredients. Perfumery has been a revered art since ancient times; Etruscan women carried scented oils as they walked and Roman gladiators used scented powder to prepare for combat. Despite the importance of fragrance, it has been a subject of little scientific research. In fact, there has been only one empirical study of the reward value of perfume – that conducted by the personal perfumer to Catherine de’ Medici in Renaissance Italy. The author concluded that perfume is an intrinsically rewarding stimulus. However, a more important question is whether it also acts as a reinforcer in the same way that other extrinsic rewards (such as money, power and status) do. Most people who wear perfume do so because they enjoy the pleasant smell of it on their skin. But there is much more to the perfume experience than a simple pleasure in the aroma. For example, some studies suggest that perfume may act as a social signal of attractiveness, and can be a powerful sexual seduction tool for both men and women. Perfume contains a wide range of chemicals, from natural raw materials to synthetic aroma compounds. Manufacturers of perfumes and colognes purchase the necessary mixtures of fragrance chemicals from companies that specialize in creating fragrance compositions. These chemical ingredients, which are known collectively as the fragrance compound, are then combined with other additives such as solvents, stabilizers, UV-absorbers and preservatives to produce a final product that is marketed as a perfume or cologne. Currently, the FDA does not require that manufacturers disclose the individual fragrance ingredients on their product labels. Instead, the industry has developed and maintains a system of “trade secrets” that protects the proprietary blends of fragrance chemicals that make up perfume. The FDA should require disclosure of fragrance ingredients in order to ensure public safety and promote innovation in perfume neuroscience and reward. It is well known that the olfactory cortex (OFC) and amygdala are involved in sensory and reward processing, and that hedonically positive odors such as perfumes activate these brain regions. It is less well appreciated that the OFC and the amygdala are innervated by dopaminergic neurons, and that the activation of these neurons correlates with the sensation of pleasure. Although perfume is a highly reinforcing stimuli, to date there has been no empirical research assessing its behavioral role as a reinforcer in humans. The anecdotal evidence of the reward value of perfume is tantalizing and a rich source of material for future innovative research in perfume neuroscience and reward. In particular, it would be interesting to test whether the hedonically positive scent of perfume can also act as an unconditioned stimulus that increases the motivation for other stimuli (such as food) to which it is paired through classical conditioning. If this is the case, it will have profound implications for perfume design and use.

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The Power of Fashion to Inspire and Influence

Fashion has become a major part of the modern world and is a topic of interest for many people. It is not limited to just clothes but can be incorporated in our choice of cars, houses, accessories and even the places where we eat and relax. It is a multi-billion dollar industry and the trends keep changing all the time. There are some people who like to follow the latest fashion, while others prefer to stick to a more classic style. Since the 13th century, clothing has been used as a symbol of wealth and power. It has evolved into a way of communicating and exchanging ideas, while also satisfying innate human needs for beauty and self-expression. Fashion is also a form of art that has the power to inspire and influence. It is the result of a combination of social and cultural influences and can affect how we look and feel about ourselves. In modern times, the most influential styles are those that are embraced by the elite and subsequently spread to other social groups. This is known as high fashion. Generally, these are clothes that are made from expensive materials or designed by famous designers. They are often accompanied by matching accessories and shoes. In some cases, they are even embellished with gold and other precious materials. The emergence of new trends is fueled by the interaction between fashion and social, cultural and economic changes. These factors can be seen in the evolution of garments that once served purely utilitarian purposes such as clothing to shelter from cold weather and as symbolic objects used to communicate status, including rank within an army or social class in ancient civilizations. In addition to cultural and socioeconomic factors, significant historical events can influence fashion trends. For example, the coronavirus pandemic has resulted in redefining how we approach our daily lives, particularly our relationship to fashion. People are rediscovering values and responsibilities while also shifting their attention to sustainable clothing brands. Fashion can also be influenced by the media and celebrities. For instance, when singers and actors wear particular pieces of clothing, other people may copy their style, thus influencing the fashion trend. The same can be said of other social figures, such as politicians and royalty. Their dresses and clothing are often reported on by newspapers and magazines. When writing an article about fashion, it is important to have original insights that will attract readers. Whether it is an insider’s perspective on the fashion industry or a different take on a classic style, your article should be interesting and captivating from start to finish. It should be well-researched, and it is always good to include sources to back up your claims. Avoid writing superfluous articles, as this will only damage the reputation of your fashion blog. Moreover, you should focus on the season when choosing your outfits and write articles on the best spring, summer, autumn and winter clothes for women.

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How to Keep Your Perfume Fresh For Longer

Perfume is one of life’s simplest but most satisfying pleasures. A splash on the wrists, neck or crook of an arm can transform the way people perceive you and can even influence your mood. It is also an instant reminder of pleasant memories or a special occasion. In fact, according to a recent study, scents have the power to trigger certain emotions and memories in the brain (via WWD). It can be tempting to chase after thousands of perfumes, but finding your signature fragrance is key. A perfume that suits you is a combination of several factors, including body temperature, the chemistry of your skin, and the composition of the perfume itself. Perfumes are typically divided into families or themes based on their scent profile, and it is important to test out many different perfumes before finding your perfect match. If you are ready to purchase a new bottle of perfume, there are some tips that can help prolong its lifespan. First, avoid rubbing the bottle together, which can cause it to oxidize and change the scent. Then, store it in a cool place. The fridge is a good option because the cold can slow down the evaporation of the volatile molecules in the perfume and keep it fresh for longer. Besides keeping your perfume in a cool environment, it is also important to apply it properly. Spray the perfume onto the skin and then rub it in, rather than squirting it directly on clothing. This will help the perfume last longer and diffuse evenly, allowing you to get more bang for your buck. It is also a good idea to spray the perfume onto your pulse points, such as the neck, wrists and crook of your elbow. These are the areas that are most likely to be contacted by other people and they can amplify the scent. Lastly, be sure to use a small amount of the perfume. A little goes a long way, and too much can be overpowering for others. Some perfumes are also infused with animal secretions that serve as fixatives, which prevent the more volatile components of the perfume from evaporating too quickly. Examples of these include ambergris from the sperm whale, castor oil from beavers and musk from the civet cat or musk deer. It is also important to remember that your favorite fragrance notes may change depending on the season or time of day, as well as your mood. So, be open to experimenting with different perfumes and don’t let prejudiced ideas of certain notes stop you from trying something new. After all, a perfume can have anywhere from 10-200 ingredients, so it’s important to be flexible.

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Victoria’s Secret: The Truth Behind the Crash

In 1977, entrepreneur Roy Raymond opened the first Victoria’s Secret store in San Francisco. His mission was to offer women a range of bras and lingerie options that weren’t available in traditional department stores. His unabashedly sexy catalog and fashion show quickly grew into a multibillion-dollar empire. But the company’s success came with its own set of issues: namely, the backlash to the sexualization of women and the rise of sexual assault scandals. It also didn’t take long for rival lingerie companies to start chipping away at Victoria’s Secret’s market share. The company’s heyday came during the 1990s and early aughts when it rode a wave of “sexuality-as-empowerment feminism,” with women like Kate Moss appearing in provocative Victoria’s Secret ads. But by the last decade, a slew of more inclusive brands including ThirdLove and Rihanna’s Savage X Fenty were stealing customers from Victoria’s Secret, and sales began to slide. A new documentary series by Matt Tyrnauer and produced by the New York Times reveals how this retail giant’s decline is linked to cultural changes that were out of the company’s control. Victoria’s Secret: The Truth Behind the Crash traces the rise of the company, and the ways it was held back by poor internal culture and outmoded leadership, as well as shifting societal norms around body size, skin color, gender identity and more. While the first Victoria’s Secret fashion shows featured no-frills runways and models in the brand’s signature slips and push-up bras, the events became increasingly extravagant over time, with Angels such as Naomi Campbell sashaying down the catwalk with Swarovski-covered wings, and the famous Fantasy Bra worn by supermodel Karlie Kloss each year becoming iconic. And as the brand’s reach grew, it hired models to appear in ad campaigns and on television commercials, making them household names. In the early 2000s, Sharen Jester Turney took over as CEO of the Victoria’s Secret Direct division, which handled the company’s catalog business, and made an effort to clean up the images used in its advertising and to tone down the sexiness of the catalog. She eventually became CEO of the entire company in 2006, and helped propel the Victoria’s Secret brand into the stratosphere. But by 2018 it was clear that the annual show and its sexy, clad Angels had gone too far. The company’s 3.2 million viewers were its lowest since the show started in 1999, and it was decided to end production. Last year, Victoria’s Secret brought the event back with a revamped look that aimed to be more inclusive and “respectful of women.” The debut show, which was part fashion event, part preview of a Prime Video film featuring 20 global creatives, celebrated all body types, from plus-size models to those who have medical conditions such as Winnie Harlow, who has vitiligo, wearing headless mannequins in various shapes and sizes. But whether or not the move will help attract more consumers remains to be seen. Despite its efforts to reduce the emphasis on an idealized female image, the company’s core target audience is still largely affluent white women. And many of those shoppers have already jumped ship amid the #MeToo movement and L Brands’ founder Leslie Wexner’s relationship with registered sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.

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The Best Women Perfume for Every Occasion

The perfume you wear is like an unspoken accessory — it makes an impression without saying a word, and adds an aura to your daily self. But it’s no longer just about what scent you choose – perfume is now an art form, one that plays with the senses to create scents with a purpose. Whether it’s a callback to classic literature, the preservation of artisanal techniques or a poetic ode to natural phenomena, the best women perfume offers something elevated that will have you feeling your absolute best. What defines a feminine fragrance has shifted over the years, and so has what makes a great perfume for women. Today, perfumers are experimenting with genderless scents that transcend the traditional categories – and even blending together traditionally masculine and feminine notes. As a result, we’ve seen a boom in unisex fragrances, reinterpretations of classic florals and heady oud and vetiver aromas that are making waves on the market. Whether you prefer to wear rose or a light citrus, there’s a fragrance for every taste. With so many options, the task of picking a perfume for yourself can seem daunting, but don’t worry. WWD has rounded up the best perfumes for women that’ll help you find your perfect match. Whether it’s a classic scent that never goes out of style, like Chanel No. 5, or a new favorite, like Byredo’s Fleur Narcotique — which combines an overdose of energetic ingredients with a floral bouquet to create a blissful narcotic – there’s something for everyone. We’ve also rounded up a few of the best perfumes for teenagers and young kids that will help them discover their personal scent and explore a world of new possibilities. If you want to smell fresh and bright, there’s nothing more energizing than a fruity fragrance. These perfumes for women include everything from zesty citrus to juicy fruits and lush berries that will instantly put you in a good mood. For something a little warmer, try a floral scent. Perfumes like Philosophy’s Amazing Grace are ultra light and airy with a blend of bergamot, muguet blossoms and musk, while scents like Kilian’s Love, Don’t Be Shy can take you back to your first kiss with a blend of soft orange blossom absolute, jasmine and Hawaiian wedding flower that will have you looking forward to your next date night. Fragrance expert Christine Nagel explains the best perfume for women by comparing it to a fine piece of jewelry. “A high-quality perfume should be both timeless and contemporary, just as a well-made piece of jewelry will always be in style.” Fragrance is the first thing people notice about you, so it’s important to invest in an aroma that matches your personality and style. From evocative odes to nature to elegant, sophisticated eau de parfums, the best perfume for women will make you feel like a princess. And who doesn’t want that?

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a chemical combination of essential oils and other scent chemicals. Fragrance is an artful and expensive product resulting from the blending of certain odoriferous substances in specific proportions. It has been a part of perfumery, or the artful application of scent, since ancient times. Fragrance is used in the creation of such products as perfumes, colognes and aftershaves. The word fragrance can also be used figuratively to refer to the smell of something, or a person’s scent. Perfumes are a mixture of natural and synthetic essential oil extracts combined with solvents. They can contain tens to hundreds of ingredients, including a wide range of aromatic plant extracts and other organic and synthetic compounds. They can have a light to heavy concentration level, with perfumes containing high levels of aromatic compounds usually referred to as parfum. Toilet waters and colognes are usually lower in concentration, with eau de toilettes ranging from 8-15% and eau de colognes at about 4% to 5%. In addition to the perfume base, a perfume may also contain a middle note and a top note. The head note, or top note, is the first impression a person receives when they smell the perfume. It is comprised of small, light molecules that evaporate quickly after the perfume has been applied. Middle notes are a bit longer lasting than the head notes and are typically composed of larger, more complex molecules such as flowers and spices. A common middle note is jasmine, which provides a rich, full and balanced scent [3,5]. The bottom or base note provides the long-lasting impression of the perfume. The scent of the base note is slower to develop than that of the middle notes, and is made up of heavier molecules such as resins, musks and woods. It appears 20-60 minutes after the application of the perfume and lasts 2-4 hours. The fragrance of a perfume is often altered by the weather and the wearer’s mood. Perfumes can become stronger when worn in hot weather because they evaporate more slowly, while a lighter perfume will have softer sillage when a person is wearing it in colder temperatures. From a neurobiological perspective, there is no empirical evidence that perfume elicits a reward value in humans. However, it is possible that the sensory experience of a favored perfume activates the olfactory cortex (OFC) and possibly sub-regions of the OFC associated with reward processing. The OFC is also innervated by dopaminergic neurons, and it is possible that the neurotransmitter dopamine plays a role in the sensation of reward. Perfumes were very popular in the Renaissance and into the nineteenth century, when both men and women wore them regularly. However, as a result of the spread of germ theory, a shift in public perception occurred and perfume wearing became gender stereotyped. Sweet floral blends were perceived as feminine, while sharper, masculine perfumes such as pine, juniper and cedar became associated with masculinity. As a result of this change in public perception, the use of perfumes declined.

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The Complexity of Fashion

Fashion is a complex thing, far more than it’s typically made out to be. It’s both a mirror and a distortion of our society, and both child and parent of capitalism. It’s both forcefully creative and utterly superfluous, perfect and flawed, beautiful and ugly all at once. The way that we talk about fashion reflects all of this complexity. Fashion is often described as a bright, shiny, glossy wrapper that hides an array of dark, messy and difficult things. This infantilisation negates both the impact of fashion – which is both positive and negative – and its equally diverse complexity and ambiguity. Fashion changes all the time, and it’s often difficult to pinpoint how something goes from a teenager’s ripped jeans and baggy sweaters on the streets of the Bronx to the slinky dresses on the runways of Paris and London. Fashion is influenced by everything from pop music and sitcoms to political events and royal deaths, but it’s just as likely to influence us when we’re reading books or seeing art. That’s why it’s important to understand that the fashion you wear isn’t just a reflection of your personality, it’s also a response to the world around you. For example, certain types of clothing are explicitly labelled as men’s or women’s, and any deviation from this gender-specific fashion is known as cross-dressing. This is an important distinction to make, because it’s easy to forget that the things we wear have powerful political and social implications. For example, the pandemic has given rise to new models of how we dress, with some people choosing to reclaim their traditional, sexy clothes in favour of more practical garments such as woolly sweaters and raincoats. Similarly, fashion is a powerful tool for cultural exchange and understanding. In the past, new discoveries of exotic countries would often prompt a change in fashion, with Europeans at one point favoring Turkish clothes, and then Chinese or Japanese styles at another. Globalisation has somewhat weakened this effect, but it’s still possible to see trends in other cultures that might influence our own. It’s also worth remembering that there are countless ways to talk about fashion without making it seem shallow, vapid and uninteresting. It’s all too easy to get caught up in writing sensational click-baity articles that seek only to garner as many views as possible, but if you’re going to write about fashion, remember that integrity is more important than any number of likes or shares. It’s also important to keep in mind that there is more than just a superficial layer of glamour and glitz to fashion; there’s an entire history, culture and politics behind it that deserves to be explored. So, keep on researching and stay tuned for more articles on this fascinating topic!

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What Is Perfume?

A perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents that are usually in liquid form and used to give the human body, animals, food, objects and living spaces an agreeable scent. Perfumes may also have a decorative purpose such as in decorative bottles or in floral-shaped bowls to be used as room odorizers. Perfume is a complex mixture that includes many ingredients, some of which are natural and others synthetic. Some of the oldest perfumes include animal substances such as ambergris from the sperm whale, castor oil from the beaver, and musk from the male deer, as well as mosses, resins, and coal tar. Other important components of perfume are water, alcohol and solvents. Depending on the person wearing the perfume, it can have different effects, including being perceived as sweet or musky, flowery, fruity, clean, woody or earthy. For some, the smell can recall a memory or even make them feel stronger and more confident. It can also influence how the wearer is perceived by others. In ancient times, people used perfume to help mask unpleasant body odors and to enhance their sense of smell. The Romans and the Arabs refined the art of making and wearing perfume as early as 2500 years ago. They would pour aromatic oils through fountains at lavish feasts and use them to fragrance their clothing, hair and homes. Emperor Nero and his guests would be surrounded by the scent of rose and jasmine. The use of perfume in general has become more popular and is now a vital part of the beauty industry with many types of cosmetics containing fragrance. It is also used in soaps, candles and toiletries such as aftershave lotions and splash colognes. While it’s easy to buy perfume in stores and online, choosing the best scent can be challenging. Whether you’re looking for a signature perfume, something evocative and sexy or something unique, the process of selecting a perfume can be time-consuming and confusing. But the good news is that with a little research, you can find the perfect fragrance for yourself. For a classic fragrance that will never go out of style, look no further than Chanel No. 5. A timeless scent that combines floral and musky notes, this perfume will leave you feeling feminine and sophisticated. If you are interested in finding your own personal signature perfume, professional perfumer Kalliope Amorphous recommends starting by identifying what type of fragrance you enjoy most. She explains that top notes are the first thing to notice, followed by middle and base notes. She says, “Top notes are a great way to test out fragrances as they are often lighter and more attention-grabbing.” Middle and base notes are the longer-lasting components and can be comprised of many different materials such as vanilla, amber, oakmoss, musk, wood and leather. These can all be a bit overwhelming, so she suggests narrowing your options by looking for perfumes that have a mix of these ingredients and that aren’t too expensive.

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Victoria’s Secret Is Going in a New Direction

The country’s largest lingerie company is going in a new direction. It jettisoned its signature sexy image this week. Gone are the stable of supermodel “Angels” who starred in glossy ads and its annual big-budget fashion show. In their place are women who don’t fit the traditional Victoria’s Secret mold. The move reflects changing attitudes toward body size, shape and sexuality. The company’s rebrand is also meant to reposition itself as a purveyor of more modest lingerie. Vanessa Friedman, the chief fashion critic for The New York Times, joins us to discuss this sweeping overhaul. Friedman: When the founder, Roy Raymond, came up with the name for the brand in 1977, he wanted to create a place where men and women felt comfortable shopping for lingerie. He imagined a boudoir, with wood-paneled walls and Victorian details. He called the store Victoria’s Secret, after Queen Victoria. He chose the name for the lingerie line as well, a reference to the outwardly respectable monarch who had nine children. By the mid-1980s, Victoria’s Secret had expanded into a national retailer. It was profitable and growing quickly. But its reputation was tarnished by the nude photo shoots that Raymond used to promote his line. Some of the models who appeared in these photos, including the supermodels Busta Rhymes and Claudia Schiffer, sued over the images. They won compensation, but the suits had a chilling effect on the company. The company’s chief competitor was Frederick’s of Hollywood, a chain of lingerie stores. In the 1990s, the company added gifts and hosiery to its lineup. In 2000, the company introduced a line of bras underwear called Playful Promises. Its sexy, raunchy marketing campaign included a series of videos that aired during the Super Bowl. Its annual fashion show was a wildly popular event, drawing huge audiences. In the early years of the new millennium, the company’s fortunes began to wane. It was losing market share to more sexy competitors like Frederick’s and Maidenform. Its advertising campaigns and fashion shows seemed out of step with society’s changing views on sex. And in 2018, the company lost its most famous model, Adrianne Curry, after she was accused of sexual misconduct. For the past two years, Victoria’s Secret has been retooling its image. It has revamped its marketing to include fuller-figured women in its ads and on store mannequins. It’s offering mastectomy bras and comfy sports bras in addition to its sexy lingerie. But the company’s rebranding has come too late to reverse several years of falling sales. And in 2022, a three-part Hulu documentary series titled Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons revealed that billionaire founder Les Wexner had links to Jeffrey Epstein, the disgraced financier charged with sex trafficking underage girls. It alleged that Wexner turned a blind eye to Epstein’s behavior. He resigned from the board in 2023.

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Five Star Perfumes for Women

For many of us, perfume is a key piece in our daily beauty routine. It can enhance moods, trigger memories and help create a signature scent that’s uniquely you. It’s also one of life’s simplest pleasures, so it’s important to invest in quality fragrances. We’ve rounded up the best perfumes for women that elevate the sense of smell through ingenuity and artisanal expertise. Whether you’re looking for a classic, long-lasting signature scent or a more versatile fragrance that can be layered with other fragrances, these five-star standouts are worthy of a spot on your vanity. This is a sultry floral perfume that’s perfect for the woman who likes to take risks. A favorite of the beauty editors, it’s a fresh fragrance with an enchanting combination of floral and woody notes, including blackcurrant nectar and mandarin orange blossom, combined with musk and warm vanilla. It’s easy to wear, long-lasting and a great option for an evening out. Designed to mimic the smell of flowers in bloom, this perfume for women is as delicate as it is beautiful. Its blend of florals and fruits is a dreamy, uplifting fragrance that’s light enough for daytime wear, but can be layered for a more sultry scent at night. This perfume from Kilian is formulated without parabens or phthalates, and the glimmering bottle will look beautiful on your vanity. A favorite of the beauty editors, this perfume for women is a classic that’s both romantic and sensual. A fragrant mingling of floral and musky notes, this fragrance is both feminine and elegant, making it ideal for an evening out with your significant other or a night on the town with friends. It’s no surprise this is one of the most popular perfumes for women on the market. Thierry Mugler’s masterpiece is as decadent as it is irresistible, with a unique blend of fruity and floral scents that will leave you feeling like you’re walking down the aisle to meet your future husband. A crowd-pleaser and an entrypoint into fragrance for teens, this is a perfume that’s as joyful as the name itself. Its mix of ruby red grapefruit, bergamot, spring mimosa and Hawaiian wedding flower is light and energizing. The 1.7 ounce bottle is perfect for the minimalist who loves to switch up her scents often. Designed to celebrate the life and legacy of renowned perfumer, Josephine Catapano, this fragrance is a timeless scent that pays tribute to an extraordinary woman. The ode to nature includes top notes of ylang ylang, Damascus rose and jasmine in a bottle that’s as luxurious as its namesake. The sweet, yet sexy fragrance will instantly become your go-to evening perfume.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of scent chemicals and other ingredients used to create the distinctive smell of perfume. Fragranced products are used in cosmetics such as bath and body products, personal care items and in fragranced hair products. They may also be used as fragranced candles, incense, room sprays and other household products. Fragrance chemicals are often associated with allergies, dermatitis and respiratory distress. The word “fragrance” or “parfume” on a product label represents an undisclosed mixture of scent chemicals and ingredients, many of which have been associated with respiratory problems, skin irritability and reproductive distress. A perfume can contain up to 100 different chemicals. A perfume has three structural parts: a top note, which is the fresh, volatile odour that appears for 5-30 minutes after application; middle notes, or modifiers, which add fullness to the perfume; and base notes, which are the foundation of the scent and provide the longest lasting impression. The base note compounds give the perfume its richness and solidity. The odour of a perfume is produced by combining natural raw materials and synthetic chemicals in the blending process. The natural raw materials are usually plant-derived essential oils (q.v.) extracted by steam distillation, water distillation or solvent extraction. The delicate flowers used in a perfume can be extracted by the method of enfleurage, wherein the petals are placed between layers of purified animal fat that become saturated with flower oil. The fat is then removed and the flower oil, called an absolute, is obtained by treatment with alcohol. Other raw materials are synthetic aromatics, which can be produced cheaply by chemical synthesis and that provide fragrances not easily obtained from the natural world. For example, the odour of a freshly cut orchid is difficult to obtain from natural sources, but can be replicated using synthetic chemicals such as calone and coumarin. A perfume may also include a range of other additives including colorants, stabilizers and preservatives. The scent of a perfume is released into the air by the person wearing it, and left behind on clothing and other fabric. This trail of scent is called sillage and can be noticed by others, depending on the strength of the perfume and how it is worn. The fragrance industry has maintained a strict system of safety assurance for over 30 years, based on a thorough scientific evaluation of ingredients by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials, Inc., an independent nonprofit organization. This program includes testing for human health, environmental and allergic reactions, adsorption and degradation, group sensitization and use level tests. In addition, the perfume industry publishes a database of all known chemicals associated with adverse health effects. This information is available on the Web. The RIFM also maintains an extensive scientific reference library on fragrance materials. The RIFM’s scientific staff has been trained to evaluate new fragrance raw materials and to perform risk assessments when necessary. The results of RIFM’s work are incorporated into national and international regulations on the safety of cosmetic and personal care products.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is more than a style of dress; it’s an art, a discipline and a global business. Fashion is a form of cultural identity that tells the world who we are and how we’re different. It’s a way of communicating and an expression of self, and can be an understated whisper, a loud scream, or a wink and a smile. It’s the voice of a generation and an indicator of change. It’s difficult to pin down what exactly defines a “fashion.” To be considered a fashion, something must have wide dissemination and be followed. This dissemination can happen either top-down, from celebrities and popular figures to the masses (“trickle-down”), or bottom-up, with ideas spreading among friends and social networks (“trickle-across”). Popular fashions can also be influenced by changes in other media. For example, if a popular band starts wearing a certain look, their fans will likely follow suit (either consciously or subconsciously). As an industry, fashion is constantly changing and evolving. It’s important to stay updated on the latest trends so that you can incorporate them into your clothing line. Trends can also be influenced by the seasons, events in pop culture, or even weather patterns. For example, if it’s hot outside, people are more likely to wear light and airy clothes. If it’s cold, people will probably wear heavier garments. Fashion is a reflection of society, and it’s important to keep up with the times. Throughout history, people have worn clothing as a means of showing solidarity with other groups. This is especially true in schools, where students may choose to be a member of the goth, skater, or herb clubs by wearing corresponding attire. Nowadays, most people wear clothing that expresses their personal taste and personality. Fashion is often influenced by current events and the media, such as movies, music, or television shows. For example, if an actor or singer wears a certain type of dress, people will usually try to copy them. While the term “fashion” often refers to a particular style of dress, it can actually encompass a variety of things, including jewelry, shoes, accessories, and language. In addition to influencing the clothing we wear, fashion can also impact our food choices, lifestyles, and beliefs. The way we see and interpret fashion is complex, contradictory, and often confusing. It’s both a mirror and a distortion of our society, both a source of power and a force for destruction. It’s both a form of communication and a form of concealment, both a sign of status and a marker of poverty. It’s both beautiful and ugly, both essential and superfluous. And while it’s often framed as the child of capitalism, it thrives on all forms of capital – economic, social, and natural. The ever-changing, flawless and auratic products on display in shops and represented in magazines obscure their actual cost and value, and the human and natural resources they entail. This makes fashion a powerful symbol of post-truth.

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How Perfume Is Made

A few squirts of perfume can make anyone feel good and leave a lasting impression on others. People wear perfume for a variety of reasons: Some say it boosts confidence, some find it seductive and arousing, and some think it alters moods and memories. Today, the average bottle of perfume contains tens to hundreds of ingredients, many of which are synthetic. This makes finding the right one a daunting task. The perfect scent can be a matter of personal preference and could depend on the weather, your day’s vibe and even the mood you’re in at any given moment. Fragrances have been around for thousands of years and were originally meant to emulate the pleasant smells of plants and animals. Ancient perfumers pressed, distilled, steamed and burned herbs, flowers and scented woods to create odour-evoking substances. The earliest perfumes also included animal secretions, such as musk from musk deer glands and ambergris (petrified sperm whale vomit). Modern synthetic fragrances are now used in place of these natural ingredients. Today, a typical perfume contains a combination of a top note (the refreshing and volatile odour that is perceived at first), a middle note that adds full character and provides depth, and a base note, which is a long-lasting, rich odour and the main component of most perfumes. Perfumes are categorized by their dominant odours and can be placed in groups, such as floral (jasmine, rose and lily of the valley), oriental (cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg and vetiver) or woody (cedarwood, sandalwood and moss). Perfume briefs—the fragrance company’s instructions to the perfumer about what the fragrance should smell like—are often vague and artistic, such as “Give us the scent of a stroll through Palermo with lemon trees blooming over titanium raindrops.” The perfumer who interprets this request will create the best possible composition using a complex blend of raw materials. The final perfume might include a mixture of natural and synthetic aroma chemicals, which are usually grouped according to their structural groupings, such as alcohols, esters, aldehydes and terpenes. The perfume may also contain fixatives, natural or synthetic substances that reduce the evaporation rate of perfume oils and increase their perceived intensity. Finally, the perfumer might use a solvent to help the perfume dissolve in the skin and disperse evenly. Perfumes are sold in a range of sizes and price points, from $0.37 mini sprays to 3.4-ounce bottles costing more than $40. There are even special gift sets that include several different versions of the same scent, as well as smaller travel-sized bottles and a vanity box to make it easy to keep your favorite perfume at hand.

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The Rise and Fall of Victoria’s Secret

When Victoria’s Secret first arrived in the early 80s, it was a minor player in the lingerie market. After being frustrated with department store lingerie selections and frumpy undergarments from brands like Fruit of the Loom, entrepreneur Roy Raymond decided to start a company that was geared exclusively towards women. By the time he was ready to take his venture public, he had amassed five stores and an annual catalog of lingerie. The name “Victoria’s Secret” has become synonymous with sexy, glamorous lingerie that sells for a fraction of the price of comparable brands. Over the course of the next four decades, the brand became the most famous retailer of lingerie in the world. The company’s lingerie is so affordable that it appeals to all levels of income, with Victoria’s Secret bras and undies available at most major retailers and at discount chains such as Target. The company also offers a variety of other products, including bathing suits, cosmetics, perfumes and jewelry. In the late 1990s, Victoria’s Secret was the defining image of a new generation of women who wanted to reclaim their femininity and regain control of their sexuality. The brand was sexy and glamorous, with its pink shopping bags, velvet-lined dressing rooms, and ads featuring sultry models in sexy lingerie. It was a rite of passage for young girls to get their own Victoria’s Secret bras and panties once they were “of age.” It was the first time that a mass-market lingerie brand had defined what it meant to be a woman in America, and it was a success. But the brand had its problems as well. The lingerie industry was hit hard by the #MeToo movement, and Victoria’s Secret was implicated by its links to Jeffrey Epstein. Then, former catwalk models Bridget Malcolm and Dorothea Barth Jorgensen spoke out about the company’s punishing size standards. The company’s chief marketing officer, Ed Razek, insulted transgender women in a Vogue interview. All of these incidents led to a 40% stock plunge for Victoria’s Secret in 2019 and a rethinking of the company’s strategy. The company announced that it would stop airing its annual Fashion Show and revamped its lingerie collection to include plus-size models and different kinds of body shapes. The company also added a line of nursing and mastectomy bras. The new Victoria’s Secret seems to be on the right track, with a mostly female board of directors and campaigns for breast cancer research. But it’s too soon to tell whether the rebranding will be enough to reverse years of declining sales and declining consumer confidence in the company. Whether the changes at Victoria’s Secret will work depends on several factors, one of which is changing society’s emphasis on an idealized feminine image. The company’s rebranding is not without controversy, but it is an important step in a direction that many consumers believe will benefit them. The company still has a long way to go, but it is a company that deserves credit for recognizing that its reputation is based on a narrow definition of beauty and that the brand needs to change in order to appeal to a wider range of consumers.

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The Best Women Perfume For Women

Whether it’s a callback to classic literature, preservation of artisanal techniques or poetic odes to natural phenomena, the best perfume for women offer something elevated that elevates you, too. These scents are a form of self-care and can have an impact on the way people see you and perceive you. And they’re meant to last, too – a study by the online perfume retailer OnBuy found that women’s fragrances linger on the skin for up to 12 hours while men’s tend to evaporate within an hour or so. Historically, perfumes that have been labeled as ‘feminine’ are those containing floral notes — rose is one of the most popular — and gourmand aromas like vanilla or caramel. But the notion of what is considered ‘feminine’ has shifted in our modern era, and more perfumers are creating genderless scents, using synthetic ingredients to create previously unimaginable results. These are the top perfumes for women, as voted by beauty industry experts and fans on Instagram. A modern classic, this was the first perfume to use a synthetic ingredient called hedione, which was the first to be able to mimic the body’s own natural scent and make it long-lasting. Voters praised the clean, aquatic notes and natural warmth of Eternity and credited it with starting a new olfactive trend that lasted decades. The perfume is also a cultural touchstone, with Christy Turlington as the face of the original campaign and Kate Moss in later ads. The fragrance remains a bestseller and in 2021, a bottle was sold every 22 seconds, according to a report by LookFantastic.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is the combination of organic compounds that emit a distinctive smell or odour. It can be derived from fragrant essential oils and other aromatic compounds from plants and spices or from synthetic aroma chemicals. Cosmetic fragrances applied to a person’s body to produce a pleasant odour include perfume, cologne, aftershave and deodorant [1]. The word ‘fragrance’ on a product label often covers dozens or even hundreds of chemicals whose combinations have been linked to various health problems, including hormone disruption, skin irritation and allergic reactions, asthma, and reproductive harm in both men and women. Fragrance chemicals have also been found in the atmosphere, forming fine particulates that contribute to ozone pollution. Perfume is the most recognizable type of fragrance and has been worn since ancient times. The ancient Etruscans were great lovers of adornment, and their spirit is embodied in the goddess Lassa (the naked winged woman holding a perfume bottle). The Romans were equally passionate about smelling good, using perfume to enhance their athletic performance in competition and bathing in scented water before combat. Even the gladiators used scented oils to prepare for a fight. Once Christianity rose with its austere attitudes to adornment, however, the popularity of perfume declined. By the mid-nineteenth century, when germ theory was popular and people began to understand that odors from filth carried disease, scenting had taken on a negative public image. Perfume reclaimed a reputation as an opulent adornment for upper classes, and scents became gender stereotyped, with sweet floral blends deemed feminine and sharper woody notes like pine and cedar regarded as masculine. Scent has been linked to feelings of attraction and arousal, to memory, mood and emotion, and to cognitive function. Perfume can increase self-esteem and confidence, reduce stress and anxiety, and help with concentration. Several studies have shown that pleasant scents stimulate the limbic system, which is involved in emotions, and that these effects can be long-lasting. The use of perfume is a personal choice, and individual preferences differ greatly. Nevertheless, research suggests that a person’s sense of smell can be affected by their age, emotional state and lifestyle. The fragrance of a person’s clothing, hair and skin is also important to their personal scent. The single word ‘fragrance’ on a product list usually covers dozens, sometimes hundreds of chemicals whose combinations have been linked by numerous studies to a wide variety of health problems. Some of these are hormone disruptors, like phthalates, which can harm the reproductive system, and others are known allergens, such as diethyl phthalate. The federal government regulates some products that contain these fragrance chemicals, such as perfumes and colognes, but it doesn’t regulate all of them, including personal care, cleaning and household goods. Consumers can check the Skin Deep database to find out what is in their fragrance, and whether any of these chemicals have been linked to health problems. It’s time for the federal government to protect us from these harmful chemicals in all of our everyday products.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a style or trend that a large proportion of the population adopts and follows, often over a short period of time. This phenomenon can occur in different societies, influenced by social and cultural changes that take place in those societies. Fashion is a way of dressing, grooming and behaving that defines a culture and also reflects its current events. It is a reflection of societal changes and trends, such as economics, politics, culture, and more. For something to be considered a fashion, it must have a certain degree of popularity and followers, as well as being perceived to be appropriate in that moment and situation. It can be a dress, hairstyle, language, or even a way of behaving that a large proportion of the population temporarily adopts and follows. It can even be a certain accent or culture that is widely spoken in one country but not another. When people talk about being fashionable, they usually mean that they are following a particular style or trend and that they are keeping up with the times. This is generally seen as being a positive thing, as it shows that the person in question cares about the society they live in and wants to make sure they are keeping up with what is going on around them. However, some argue that fashion has become a cult and that it is actually harmful to the environment. This is based on the fact that most fashion is created in an unsustainable and wasteful manner, and that it is often made of materials which are not environmentally friendly. It is also true that many fashion products are not transparent with regard to their origins and ingredients, and that they obscure the natural, human, and financial capital involved in their creation. In addition to this, there is a general feeling that fashion is often superficial and short-lived. This is especially the case with clothing, where a new item of clothing may be worn only a few times before it is out of date and replaced by something newer and more trendy. In some cases, clothing items are purchased and then never worn at all, sitting in people’s wardrobes collecting dust. Nevertheless, there are some benefits to fashion which can outweigh these negatives. For example, it can help people to feel more confident in their identity and be able to express themselves. In addition, it can make them look more attractive to other people and increase their self-esteem. The important thing is to not be afraid to try out new things and be creative in your own unique style. If you have a good sense of style, it can help you to grow and develop as a person. It is also essential to avoid following other people and attempting to look like them, as this can lead to self-defeating behaviour. Instead, it is better to focus on your own personality and your own unique appearance, as this will give you more confidence in being yourself.

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What is Perfume?

A perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents in liquid form that is used to give the human body, food, objects and living-spaces an agreeable scent. The scent can be a subtle, long-lasting and sometimes a subtle mix of three-part smells, usually consisting of top notes (the first smells your nose notices), heart notes and base notes (the smells that last the longest after application). Perfume has enjoyed huge success since it was invented in ancient times. It was most popular during the seventeenth century when hygienic conditions were poor and perfumes were used to mask unpleasant body odor. In fact, even Queen Elizabeth I insisted that all public spaces be scented because she could not tolerate bad smells. There are many reasons people choose to wear perfume, from enhancing self-esteem and feelings of attractiveness to altering moods and evoking pleasant memories. Some women consider it a mark of wealth, while others feel that it is a way to communicate their personality or character. A woman’s perfume is often considered her most personal and private possession, which is why it is so important to make sure that she selects the right fragrance for herself. The earliest perfumes were made from natural substances, such as flowers and spices, but as technology advanced and production increased, it became possible to create more sophisticated and expensive scents. By the nineteenth century, the blending and development of chemical ingredients had allowed for the creation of a great number of different fragrances. Perfumes are classified according to their concentration levels of perfume oils and also by the amount of alcohol added to them. This is why a perfume bottle may have several French names on it, which correspond to various perfume oil concentrations. Modern perfumes contain a large percentage of synthetic odorants as well as natural aromatics, which are secondary metabolites produced by plants to protect against herbivores, infections and to attract pollinators. For example, coumarin and linalool are naturally occurring compounds from the tropical orchids and these are a common ingredient in many perfumes. Other common raw materials of perfume are seeds, woods, animal oils and resins. These are usually macerated, pressed or dry-distilled before they can be used in perfume. The most commonly used seeds are tonka bean, carrot seed and coriander. Woods like sandalwood, rosewood and agarwood are available either in macerated or distilled forms. Animal substances like castor oil from beavers, musk from male deer and ambergris (lumps of oxidized fatty compounds secreted and expelled by the sperm whale) are also used in perfume. As with all cosmetics, the packaging of a perfume plays a very important role in its marketability. Bottles can be made of crystal, glass or porcelain and are decorated with creative designs. The image that a perfume projectes is often as important as the name of the brand and even its price. This is why so many perfumes have been named after cities and towns or after famous people.

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Victoria’s Secret Is Becoming A Victim Of American Consumer Culture

Victoria’s Secret isn’t the first business to embrace a fetishized vision of women, but it has been a leader in the movement. Its annual fashion show, featuring top models wearing Swarovski-crystal covered wings and million dollar fantasy bras, has become iconic and is a symbol of American consumer culture. But in recent years sales have plummeted and rivals like ThirdLove, Adore Me and American Eagle’s Aerie have risen to challenge the Reynoldsburg, Ohio-based company’s market share. When Roy Raymond opened his first store in 1977, Victoria’s Secret was a small operation that drew customers by offering lingerie and other feminine products with a touch of high-fashion styling. Raymond, a former executive of the cosmetics company Elizabeth Arden, wanted to bring an image of allure and luxury to his brand, so he employed a team of designers and photographers to create catalogs that featured women in their most alluring states. The images resonated, and the company quickly expanded to more than a hundred stores. Wexner, who bought the company in 1982, brought the same sensibilities to his new venture, and in 1995 he launched the annual Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show, which has become its own cultural phenomenon. The show offers a peek at the lingerie that’s a cornerstone of the business and provides a glimpse into the sexy, beautiful lives of the model corps. In the early 1990s, Wexner and the company’s head of marketing, Ed Razek, branded the dream woman as “Victoria.” Early on, she was a genteel Englishwoman with a saucy continental side. Later she became a sensual woman who embraces her body and femininity. The show’s popularity helped to spawn a line of products, from perfume to underwear, designed to match the fantasy of the alluring woman. The brand also has a wide range of swimwear, sleepwear, hosiery and athleisure, plus a line of prestige fragrances. The company is a global retailer with some 350 stores and more than two billion dollars in sales. In recent years, the company has begun to soften its sexy, all-American image by hiring more diverse models and reducing the amount of photo-shopping it does on its images. It has also introduced a line of plus-size bras and thongs. And it has taken steps to make its fashion shows more inclusive, with models with vitiligo and other conditions joining the ranks of the Angels. Still, experts say the company faces an uphill battle. In the wake of the #MeToo movement, more women have sought brands that celebrate their diversity rather than reinforce society’s idealized depictions of female beauty. And as competitors like ThirdLove and Aerie have diversified their offerings, Victoria’s Secret has struggled to adjust. The brand’s latest move is an attempt to reclaim its place at the center of female fashion. But it remains to be seen whether the revamped fashion event will boost sales. The three episodes of the series are streaming on Hulu.

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What Is Perfume?

A perfume is a mixture of fragrant essences that are applied to the skin to create an attractive scent. It’s a type of cosmetic, and some people use it to help mask their natural smell, while others wear it for the enjoyment of the fragrance itself. Whether you enjoy the scent of your favorite perfume or are looking to find a new one, there are many options available at different price points. Perfume is made of a variety of components, including oils extracted from plants or animals. Some of the ingredients are natural, while others are synthetic. The mixture is then mixed with alcohols and a fixative, which helps the scent last. Perfumes are also sold in a variety of forms, including colognes, solid perfumes and roll-ons. The earliest perfumes were made of natural oils. The first modern perfume, No 5, was created by Gabrielle Chanel in 1921. The concept behind the perfume was that women needed to be scented to be seen and perceived as elegant and feminine. This notion of perfume as a necessity was reinforced by Hollywood stars who promoted the product and acted as role models. Unlike colognes, which are more frequently made of fresh, fruity or herbal scents, perfumes typically have more complex combinations. Fine perfumes may contain more than 100 ingredients. They are divided into three distinct olfactory families: floral, spicy and woody. The floral family is characterized by odours such as rose, jasmine, lily of the valley and gardenia. Spicy blends have the aromas of cinnamon, carnation, clove and nutmeg. The woody family is dominated by the aroma of vetiver (a plant known as khuskhus) and sandalwood, while the mossy group has odours like oak moss. A perfume’s odour changes throughout the day because the unique scent of your body and the perfume’s composition mix together. It’s important to apply the perfume properly and let it sit on your skin for a few minutes. The top notes are the first to appear and usually last only for a few seconds. The heart note is a little longer, and the base notes are the last to emerge. Perfume is not necessarily a necessity, but it is a fun way to express yourself. It’s important to choose a perfume that matches your personality and fits your style. Taking the time to test out several scents can help you determine which perfume is the best fit for you. Whether you’re trying to make an impression at a job interview or just want to brighten up your mood, a nice perfume can do the trick. Perfume is a great way to get the scent you want without spending too much money. By using a few tips, you can find the right perfume for your personal style and budget.

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Victoria’s Secret: The Rise and Fall of the Lingerie Mall Brand

The new three-part documentary on Hulu explores how the lingerie mall brand secured its position as arbiter of mass-market sexuality in the ’90s and ’00s only to fall from the pinnacle of pop culture a few years later. The show’s writer and director, Matt Tyrnauer (of the superlative documentaries “Scotty and the Secret History of Hollywood” and “The Interview”), skillfully plots Victoria’s Secret’s meteoric rise and its subsequent fall into disrepute. It’s not hard to see why the company lost its luster: In a era where raunchier movies were becoming mainstream, a generation of women was growing up and becoming more aware of their own bodies, and companies like Victoria’s Secret capitalized on this newfound empowerment with a series of infamous fashion shows featuring bombshells trussed in tiny bits of lace and satin who strutted down a runway while being filmed for high-concept commercials that would become an iconic part of the pop culture. During the heyday of Victoria’s Secret, its iconic lingerie models — era-defining bombshells like Stephanie Seymour, Heidi Klum, and Gisele Bundchen — were more than just models; they were brand ambassadors. The annual fashion show was a must-see event for many, and the catalog models became household names thanks to televised commercials starring them in their push-up bras. Then came the #MeToo movement and calls for increased representational inclusivity in terms of body size, race and ethnicity, and gender, which caused sales to begin to slip. The lingerie industry was also getting crowded by more overtly inclusive brands such as ThirdLove and Rihanna’s Savage X Fenty, which put more of a focus on real-life sizes and shapes. In 2019, the founder of the parent company, L Brands, Leslie Wexner, apologized for the company’s links with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein and its misogynistic corporate culture, which trafficked in sexism, ageism, and body-shaming. In 2021, the brand separated from L Brands and its longtime marketing chief Ed Razek resigned; and since then Victoria’s Secret has been undertaking a sweeping, ambitious rebrand, removing the so-called Angels from the fashion show, and developing new, more inclusive products such as nursing and mastectomy bras. But will these changes be enough to revive the brand? As it stands, Victoria’s Secret has a long road ahead of it. The company’s sales have been declining for the past few years as more overtly inclusive lingerie brands such as ThirdLove and Rihanna’s lingerie line Savage X Fenty began to take market share away, and calls for more representational inclusivity in terms of body size, racial and ethnicity, and gender continued to grow in response to the #MeToo movement. In addition, the company has been plagued by reports of a lack of sexual harassment training for its staff and a general corporate culture that appears to have turned a blind eye to abuse and misconduct.

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Discover the Best Women Perfume for Women at Belk

A spritz of perfume can instantly boost your confidence and bring a little extra pizazz to any outfit. Shop Belk’s collection of women perfume to discover a scent that speaks to your personality and complements your style. We have fragrances for all occasions and seasons, from a light floral perfume to an invigorating citrusy aroma that’s perfect for a day at the office. With so many choices, it’s easy to find the perfume that suits you best. The best perfume for women isn’t always the highest-selling or most talked about, but the one that captivates you and feels like it was made just for you. For a fragrance that’s fresh and sweet with a touch of mystery, try Thierry Mugler’s Angel. Its unisex appeal makes it a perennial bestseller, but its lush floral notes of lily, jasmine and ylang ylang are truly spellbinding. It’s the perfect signature scent for the woman who knows how to turn heads. If you want to evoke a sense of youthful wonder, try Marc Jacobs’ Daisy. Its fusion of fresh fruity and floral notes is a perfume for the 20-something who has a lot to prove but still has that magical quality of being carefree. It’s the scent of wandering in the woods and discovering a field of wildflowers. Another favorite among the younger generation is Chanel No. 5. It’s a classic for a reason, with floral notes of rose and lily that are as sultry as a ruby-red lipstick and an effortless French manicure. For the woman who embodies feminine grace, there’s the Marc Jacobs Dreamy Floral fragrance. Its blend of luscious floral and aquatic notes, including orchid, rose and jasmine, is as timeless as the classic black-and-white Chanel bottle. There are also a variety of woody scents that encapsulate the beauty of nature. Whether it’s the smell of a fresh dewy forest or the resinous nuances of a leather jacket, these women perfume are ideal for those who want to embody the outdoors. There are also unisex fragrances that combine fresh, green and water scents to create a clean, fresh aroma that’s reminiscent of dewy, fresh skin. They can be a great complement to a more feminine fragrance or stand alone in their own right, bringing to mind a walk through the woods on a crisp autumn morning. Lastly, there are fruity scents that are as delicious as they are subtle, with top notes of fresh berries and tropical fruits combined with vanilla for an irresistible scent you can wear anywhere. With our selection of top perfumes for women, you can find a fragrance to suit every mood and occasion. Choose from a spritz, sample or gift set to enjoy your favorite fragrance for yourself and share with others. Shop our collection of women perfume at Belk today!

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a class of chemicals that can be added to cosmetic products like perfumes and hair care products. They can also be used in a wide variety of household products such as laundry detergents, air fresheners and fabric softeners. Depending on their chemical origins, fragrance ingredients can either smell good or bad and may or may not cause skin problems for some individuals. Over 5000 different fragrance chemicals are used in a vast range of products. Historically, fragnance was created by combining extracts of natural sources such as flowers, herbs or fruits with synthetic aroma compounds. Modern perfumery began in the 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin and coumarin, making it possible to create fragrances that were not available from natural aromatic sources alone. Currently, the vast majority of perfumes are blended from modular perfume components called perfume bases. These are formulated around a simple scent concept and can be combined in various ways to find the right balance of composition, similar to the way musical notes can be harmonised to create chords. A perfume’s top note is the first olfactory impression to emerge from its spray or spritz. It is usually light, delicate and refreshing. The top notes often form the bridge between a perfume’s middle and base notes, and are usually present for about ten to twenty minutes after a perfume is applied. Middle notes, also known as heart notes, are the main body of a fragrance. They are stronger, more complex and less olfactory-reactive than the top or base notes. They are usually a combination of multiple accords that give the perfume its overall character and define its scent family or theme. The most popular middle notes are floral, woody and oriental. Base notes, also known as woody or amber, are the deep, base, underlying or overarching scent of a fragrance. They provide richness, solidity and depth to a perfume. The base notes of a fragrance usually take over thirty minutes to fully develop on the skin and are not easily detectable after a perfume’s initial spray or spritz. The most common base notes are amber and musk. The term cologne, or colognes, is used interchangeably with perfume to refer to fragrances that are lighter than those intended for women, and is generally considered more masculine. This is due to the fact that colognes typically contain fewer aromatic compounds than perfumes and are usually less intense. Colognes can be found in a variety of concentrations including eau de parfum, eau de toilette, or eau de cologne. In many languages, words such as extrait, EdP and EdT are used to describe perfumes of varying concentration levels. However, these terms are not precise and the percentage of oils may vary from product to product even within a particular perfume house’s same range of products. The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) has developed standards that regulate the amount of oil in a perfume and these are used to determine its safety for skin contact.

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5 Reasons Why Fashion Is Important

Fashion is a worldwide phenomenon and encompasses more than just clothing. Fashion includes hairstyles, makeup, accessories and anything that can be manipulated to enhance the wearer’s beauty. It is a constantly changing thing, and trends are everywhere. It can even affect the world economy and culture. The fashion industry is a multi-billion dollar enterprise, with millions of people involved in its production and distribution. It Is a Form of Communication Fashion communicates a lot about a person, both consciously and subconsciously. It can convey a sense of belonging to a group or subculture, and it can also be used as a tool for social commentary. It is a way to show the world your individuality and style, but it can also be used as an expression of dissatisfaction or frustration. It Gives You Inner Delight Fashion makes you feel great about yourself. Whether you are wearing a couture gown on the runway or just going to the grocery store in jeans and a t-shirt, it can make you feel confident and beautiful. It is a way to show the outside world that you are a unique person, and it can be a very positive experience. It Makes You Fresh and Active Fashion can help you be more active and energetic in life. It is a way to show off your personality and taste, and it can help you stay on top of things in the ever-changing world around you. It is a way to keep your energy up and your spirits high, which can be helpful in tackling stressful situations. It Reflects the Changing Culture As society changes, so does fashion. It is not always easy to keep up with the latest trends, but it is important to try and stay ahead of the curve. Fashion can also be a sign of status, as it was for the elite class in past centuries. It is also a way to express personal tastes and interests, such as by wearing a sports team’s jersey or animal prints if you are an animal lover. The Changing Face of Fashion Fashion is closely tied to culture and the zeitgeist, which means that it can be hard to predict what will become popular at any given time. It is often influenced by the music and films that are popular, and it can be a reflection of the current political climate as well. The fashion industry is a global one, with billions of dollars spent annually on clothes and accessories. It is a fast-moving, competitive field, and the designers who create new looks are often highly paid. In addition to their creative skills, they must be able to anticipate what consumers will want and then create it quickly. They are the main force behind determining how quickly and drastically a style goes in and out of fashion, and they are responsible for much of what is seen on the magazine covers and television shows. They are also the ones who determine if a style should be brought back into fashion after it has been out for awhile.

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The Different Types of Perfume

Perfume is a blend of fragrant ingredients that is applied to the skin to emit a lasting scent. Historically, perfumes were made from a wide variety of natural sources, including animal secretions such as musk (from male deer glands) and ambergris (lumps of oxidized fatty acids secreted by the sperm whale). Today, many perfumes are created using synthetic chemicals rather than from animals or plants. Perfumes are often classified by the type of fragrance they evoke or the emotions they arouse in their wearers. Popular perfumes typically fall into the following categories: Floral: Scents of flowers such as rose, jasmine and lily-of-the-valley are very common in perfumes. These are typically mixed with woods, fruits and spices. Oriental: Scents of spices such as cardamom, cinnamon and nutmeg are very popular in perfumes. These are usually mixed with other exotic herbs and flowers such as ambergris, ylang-ylang and labdanum. Woody: These fragrances evoke a sense of nature and include scents from trees, barks and leaves. They also include resins and mosses such as oakmoss and myrtle. Perfumes from this category can resemble pine, cedar and juniper. Green: This includes a clean, green smell that is associated with the ocean, grass and crushed leaves. Perfumes from this category are very light and are often infused with calone, a synthetic discovered in 1966 or more recent synthetics. Musk: A very potent and somewhat controversial ingredient, musk is obtained from the glands of a certain type of male deer. It is often used to create a seductive or romantic fragrance. Fruity: Fruits such as peach, cassis (black currant) and mango are popular in perfumes. These are generally blended with other more subtle ingredients such as vanilla and ambergris to give them a softer scent. Spicy: These scents evoke a sense of heat and spice and may contain hints of ginger, cloves, cinnamon or allspice. They are usually combined with other more subtle ingredients such as woods and resins. The first step in making a perfume is extracting the fragrant oils from plant or flower material. This can be done by a number of methods, but steam distillation is the most common. Thousands of kilos of plant material may be needed to obtain just one kilo of essential oil, which partly explains why some perfumes are so expensive. Perfumes are then diluted with alcohol to make them last longer by slowing down their evaporation rate. This is a very important part of the process and can affect how long a perfume lasts on the skin. Once the perfume is finished, it will be tested for its intensity and the strength of individual fragrance notes. It is then bottled and labeled. Some perfumes are named after celebrities, and some are marketed as being unisex or for men. A perfume’s popularity can be influenced by its packaging and brand name as well as its price. A bottle of perfume can sell for up to $500. Perfumes can be purchased online, in specialty stores and through traditional department and drug stores.

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How To Play SBOBET Gambling?

The concept of a sbobet mobile gambling game refers to a form of interactive entertainment that involves wagering on various games of chance or skill, which may be accessed and played on mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets. A mobile gambling game refers to a gaming experience that emulates the manner of a casino and can be accessed and played on a handheld device such as a smartphone or tablet. A significant number of individuals derive pleasure from engaging in these games due to their accessibility and inherent entertainment value. Nevertheless, it is important to acknowledge that these activities can also possess addictive qualities, potentially resulting in detrimental consequences related to compulsive gambling. Understanding the potential hazards and consistently engaging in responsible behaviour are crucial aspects to consider. It is imperative to use caution when engaging in gambling activities by ensuring that the amount of money wagered does not exceed one’s financial capacity to sustain potential losses. One prevalent form of mobile gambling entertainment is the digital slot machine, which is accessible through online platforms. The aforementioned games are characterised by their user-friendly mechanics and visually impressive graphics, resulting in an engaging and immersive gameplay experience. The majority of these games are available for free download and have the potential to induce addictive behaviour. The games are intentionally crafted to maximise realism, hence enhancing the level of excitement experienced by players. Individuals seeking to engage in gambling activities with actual monetary stakes might discover numerous trustworthy online casinos that provide either a mobile application or a responsive HTML5 rendition of their website. These websites typically offer robust SSL security measures to safeguard the personal information and user accounts of players. In addition, reputable payment providers are employed to facilitate transaction processing. Certain websites also provide initial and subsequent deposit bonuses to newly acquired clientele. The majority of mobile casino games predominantly have video slots as their primary focus, while there are also a subset of games that draw inspiration from table games and many other forms of gambling. Mobile applications can serve as an effective means of occupying oneself during extended periods of travel or while awaiting a scheduled appointment at a medical facility. Furthermore, a wide array of mobile casino games are accessible in several currencies, rendering them financially accessible to individuals across all budgetary constraints. In order to engage in mobile gambling activities, it is necessary to own a mobile device such as a smartphone or tablet that is equipped with a reliable internet connection. Additionally, it is important to be a duly registered user. The initial stage is generally straightforward and involves only a limited amount of personal data, such as one’s name, phone number, or email address. It is advisable to establish a unique username and password for the account. Implementing this measure will effectively limit the risk of unauthorised access to the account. Prior to installing a mobile gambling game, it is advisable to ascertain its legal status. The legality of various forms of gambling is contingent upon geographical location. As an illustration, certain states have implemented restrictions that prohibit the sale or acquisition of lottery tickets. In the event that an individual encounters a gaming application that is in violation of legal regulations, it is advisable to promptly notify the gaming Commission. The aforementioned regulatory organisation oversees and governs all forms of gambling activity, with severe penalties imposed upon companies found to be in violation of the established regulations. To engage in a mobile gambling game, it is imperative to complete the registration process as a user and ensure the provision of accurate personal details. This step is of utmost importance as failure to comply may result in account suspension or potential legal intervention. In an alternative approach, users have the option to engage with a complimentary iteration of a mobile gambling game as a means of evaluating its features and functionality prior to committing any financial resources. Nevertheless, it is crucial to bear in mind that the free iterations of these games do not offer any monetary rewards.

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Victoria’s Secret Rebranding Will Help Its Bottom Line

Victoria’s Secret is an American specialty lingerie, clothing and beauty retailer legendary for its racy marketing including a yearly catalogue and fashion show featuring supermodels dubbed the Angels. The company is the largest lingerie retailer in the world, but it’s been struggling for years and is facing competition from a host of new brands. The eponymous brand’s recent efforts to reverse its sexy image include promoting plus-size models in ads, changing the mannequins in its stores to reflect more diverse bodies and expanding into products like mastectomy bras that don’t fit the company’s previous definition of “sexy.” The series’ release comes as the company has been trying to turn around a multiyear sales decline that’s been exacerbated by a shift in consumer attitudes about body image and women’s sexuality. The company is also fighting back against competition from upstart lingerie brands and its former parent company, L Brands, which has rebranded itself as Aerie to focus on underwear for women of all sizes. As part of its rebranding, the company has stepped up its efforts to make its clothes and bras more comfortable. It has added a line of sports bras called Love Cloud that are softer and more supportive than the wire-filled, padding-packed bras the company was known for selling in the past. It has also remodeled its stores, with lighter paint on the walls and mannequins of more diverse shapes and sizes. In addition, the company has been experimenting with less-pricey bras and underwear designed to appeal to young customers. Last year, it launched the limited-edition Fantasy Bra which cost $70, and this year it debuted a lingerie set that’s even more affordable. Still, it remains to be seen whether these changes will boost the company’s bottom line. Same-store sales have been falling since 2016 and the company’s stock price has slid for two straight years. It’s also been under pressure from shareholders, who have been demanding a higher dividend in return for their investment. Victoria’s Secret’s stock was up 0.9% in premarket trading on Monday, and is down about 16% this year. The company has been criticized for its handling of sexual misconduct allegations against a former employee and its links to the convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. The company is trying to change its perception as a store that sells lingerie for women of all sizes and has been adding size-inclusive products in response to rising demand from consumers. Retail analyst Jessica Ramirez of Jane Hali & Associates says she’s noticed that the company’s selection is now more inclusive in stores and online, with bras available in more sizes. But she says ongoing supply chain constraints may slow the pace of progress.

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Top 5 Women’s Perfume Scents You Need to Try Now

Women’s perfume is a key part of your personal style. The right fragrance can transform your mood, allowing you to feel confident and ready to take on the day. It’s also been known to boost self-esteem, making you feel more attractive and empowering. Fragrance can be a powerful symbol of femininity, and it’s no wonder that some of the most popular perfume for women are floral scents. From timeless classics to modern favorites, here are the best women’s perfume scents you need to try now. The natural beauty of flowers has been a muse for artists, designers, and perfumers since time immemorial. In Gucci Bloom, the most popular women’s perfume for fall, a frothy fusion of blackcurrant nectar, mandarin orange blossom, and rose petals is complemented by warm vanilla to create an intoxicating scent that exudes confidence and sexy sophistication. This perfume for women is also one of the cleanest around, with only non-toxic ingredients and no phthalates or parabens. Embrace your inner goddess with this feminine and flowery perfume from Chanel. Launched in 1921, N°5 has become a true icon of femininity. A fresh, powdery scent that’s just as alluring today as it was back then, this perfume for women is a perfect match for a day at the office or a ladies lunch. For the free spirit, this light and spirited perfume from Dolce & Gabbana will make you feel like a beachy breeze on your skin. It’s the summertime essential that’ll bring back memories of footsteps in the sand, ocean salt, and tan skin. With a blend of florals and woody notes, this perfume for women is sure to be a summer favorite. Yves Saint Laurent’s Libre is a perfume for women that embodies the determination and poise of a woman who knows who she is and what she wants in life. It’s a fragrance that’s sure to make you stand out from the crowd. This perfume for women is also believed to be aphrodisiac, as certain scents are known to trigger a chemical reaction in the brain that makes you more attractive. Scents containing jasmine, rose, vanilla, and sandalwood are known to have aphrodisiac properties. As more and more professional women postpone childbearing into their 30s and 40s, the use of perfume can have an impact on your fertility. A study published in The American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology suggests that women who wear perfume during courtship may be disproportionally selecting men with whom they are genetically incompatible due to the masking of their own body odor by the perfume. With a blend of delicate flowers and crisp fruits, this scent from Tom Ford evokes a sensual walk through an old library. It’s the perfume for women that will transport you to an intimate moment, whether you’re spending a night at home alone or going out with your friends. This perfume for women is a classic, which means it will always be in style.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance (from Latin perfurare, to smoke through) is a liquid which people put on their skin to make it smell nice. It is believed that perfume was used in some of the earliest human civilizations. The modern fragrance industry began in the 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds, which made it possible to create scents that were impossible to obtain solely from natural aromatic materials. Perfumes are marketed in concentrations ranging from an extrait to an EdP or EdC, with the oil content being different among perfume houses within a family of fragrances. A fragrance is said to have depth when a particular accord or character is noticeable throughout the composition from top to base notes. The creation of a depth in a fragrance is achieved through the use of various natural and synthetic aroma chemicals, including base notes, middle notes and top notes. The quality of a fragrance is defined by its ability to endure and remain consistent from one application to the next. Perfumes that are formulated to evoke a particular mood or emotion may be referred to as olfactory stories. A story is a descriptive sequence of olfactory experiences that are linked together to create a memorable and meaningful experience. Using various facets of the fragrance as a storytelling medium allows a perfumer to evoke an emotional response, from sadness to romance to energy and more. The olfactory sense is the part of the brain that perceives scent. The human sense of smell is responsible for most of the emotions and memories we experience. Fragrance has the power to evoke an emotional response because of its direct link to memory, especially if the perfume is a memory-provoking aroma. The use of a certain fragrance may also have an effect on behavior and the perception of beauty. An accord in a fragrance consisting of aldehydes built upon a citrus (bergamot) and mossy base. This classical accord has become a signature of many men’s and women’s fragrances. A perfume which possesses an aura of elegance and sophistication. Usually more refined than other styles of perfume, this is a fragrance that is often worn by women of higher social status. This family of perfumes includes Jasmine, Rose and Ylang ylang. These florals are often blended with other aromatic materials to create a bouquet of scents with a wide range of possibilities. This is a very exciting area in today’s trends for fragrances, with brands such as Joy, Anais Anais and Escape demonstrating the most current and popular trends in this category. An odour reminiscent of fruits such as cherry, apple and peach. Fruity scents can be very refreshing and uplifting, and are frequently combined with other ingredients such as green and mint to give them depth and character. The scent of leaves, twigs and stems of plants. A very important ingredient in muguet perfumes and other flowery scents. A substance used to absorb excess fragrance oils, allowing the remaining perfume to last longer. The term can be applied to a solid, powder or liquid and may contain ingredients such as talc, silica and stearic acid.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a social phenomenon involving the way people dress. It also involves the creation of new styles and trends. It can be influenced by cultural or geographic factors. It is usually a result of shifting social values, attitudes and beliefs. The word “fashion” derives from the Latin word “modus operandi,” meaning “method of operation.” The word “fashion” has also been used to describe a prevailing custom or style of dress, etiquette, and socializing. Fashion is often defined by the clothes a person wears, including shoes and accessories. It has been a means of self-expression, a way to show one’s personality, and an indicator of social class. A person’s clothing choices can make a statement about him or her, such as his or her attitude and beliefs. It can also reflect the individual’s personality and interests. When someone with high cultural status starts wearing a particular type of clothing, others may follow suit to imitate them. This is the origin of the term “fashion victim” to describe a person who follows current fashions without question or thought. Fashions also vary within a society, depending on age groups, social classes, generation, occupation, and geography. The fashion industry is a multi-billion dollar global business. In recent decades, it has become an important part of modern life. People can find information about the latest trends in magazines, newspapers, television, and online. There are many different types of fashion, ranging from haute couture to streetwear. Each has its own significance and history. Some of them have even inspired movements in society, such as the feminist movement, and the rise of gay rights. Fashions also change with the times, and it is important for a designer to understand these changes in order to create successful products. To create a fashion trend, a certain idea must be introduced into the public and then accepted by a majority of people. It can be done in many ways, such as by word of mouth, through social media, or by celebrity endorsements. In addition, a fashionable product must be functional and affordable. It should also have a unique selling point to stand out from the competition. The most popular and influential forms of fashion are clothing and makeup. These can be worn to create a specific look, such as a vintage or gothic style. They can be used to highlight a person’s features or to cover imperfections. For example, a hat or scarf can hide an unsightly hair, and mascara can disguise droopy eyelids. It is also important to use flattering colors and fabrics when creating a specific look. It is also helpful to experiment with color, texture, and shape when designing an outfit. This will help you discover your own style and develop a sense of personal flair.

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What is Perfume?

Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents in liquid form that are used to give human beings, animals, food, objects and living spaces agreeable scents. Its history goes back 2500 years and was refined by the Romans and the Arabs who used it as a way to smell good. The perfumes were derived from the oils extracted from plants by pressing, crushing or steaming them to release their pleasant odors. The main technique for obtaining the perfumes was through distillation and it required many plant varieties to produce just one kilo of oil. Often thousands of flowers were needed. These essential oils are then diluted with alcohol which serves as a fixative to prevent their rapid evaporation. It is these essential oils that make the perfumes last long and give them their unique smell. In the eighteenth century a French perfumer proposed that different classes should be scented differently. This was the start of class-based perfume where aristocrats had their own specific perfume, bourgeoisies used cologne and the lower classes were scented with disinfectant. King Louis XV was such an avid user of perfume that he had a fragrance for every day of the week and his court was known as ‘The Perfumed Court. Today, the perfume industry is a multi-billion dollar business and has gained the reputation of having ‘aromatherapeutic properties.’ This is a result of the associative learning that takes place where certain scents are linked to positive emotions and physiological responses such as heightened heart-rate or blood pressure. This is why it is so important to have a well-developed nose and be able to distinguish between all the various nuances of the fragrances that are available on the market. Perfumes are a mixture of top notes, middle notes and base notes. The top notes are the initial strong smell that a perfume has when it is first applied to your skin. The middle notes are the herbs, flowers and spices that will remain on your body all day while the base notes are the more mellow scents such as woods, amber or musk. The fragrance will evolve throughout the day as it blends with your skin chemistry and mixes with the other materials in the perfume. Magne’s film is a fascinating look at the vast perfume industry and how it is a global phenomenon. It also provides a window into the world of the senses that are frequently neglected in cinema where the visual and auditory aspects dominate. However there are a few themes in this film that you wish it would have gone a bit deeper on such as the class divergence between Anne and Guillaume. In any case, it is a feather-light but delightful movie that should appeal to anyone who has a keen nose and appreciates the delicately happy floral scent of a perfume.

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Victoria Secret – Angels and Demons

Founded in 1977, Victoria Secret is an American lingerie, clothing, and beauty retailer known for high-visibility marketing and branding. The company’s products are sold in over 1,600 physical stores worldwide and online. It is the largest lingerie retailer in the United States, and its annual fashion show features a selection of supermodels referred to as Angels. The brand is owned by L Brands, and its products are manufactured in numerous countries across the globe. The three-part documentary series “Victoria Secret: Angels and Demons,” which debuted on Hulu this week, opens with a backstage scene from the lingerie giant’s annual fashion show. As a slew of photographers flash their cameras, the brand’s so-called Angels—who range in age from 22 to 29 and hail from all over the world—grin and pose. Their limbs stretch out in barely-there lingerie, and they’re covered in heavy makeup and six-inch heels. Over the years, Victoria’s Secret has struggled to adapt to changing consumer tastes. Its hypersexual image and erotic fashion shows have been criticized for promoting unrealistic body images, and the company’s stock has suffered as a result. In 2018, chief marketing officer Ed Razek made a controversial statement saying that the company doesn’t cast transgender or plus-size models for its annual fashion show because it’s a fantasy, leading to a 40 percent stock drop in a single day. Razek resigned soon after. Since then, the company has started to rework its image in an attempt to appeal to a wider audience. It has added more diverse sizing to its bra line, which now includes sizes 30A to 44DDD, and is featuring more women of color in its campaigns. It has also begun remodeling its retail stores with fresher fixtures and lighter paint, as well as mannequins of all shapes and sizes. Experts say the changes have been successful, and that the company’s new marketing has fewer sexual overtones than in the past. They also credit its efforts to be more inclusive with an uptick in sales. Still, it remains to be seen whether Victoria’s Secret can maintain its progress as it faces competition from up-and-coming lingerie brands like ThirdLove and Lively, as well as American Eagle’s Aerie division, which sells a variety of comfort-focused bras in a wide range of sizes. While the brand’s image may have shifted, it remains one of the most prominent players in the lingerie industry. It’s not clear how much longer it can rely on its hypersexual image to draw in customers—particularly as rivals introduce new, more diverse models and compete for the attention of millennial shoppers. For now, the company is trying to balance its image with a focus on quality and affordability. Its newest collection, for example, is made in Italy with sustainable materials. The brand has also introduced a bra size calculator that helps consumers find the right fit. This is a big step in the right direction, and will hopefully help boost the brand’s popularity among younger consumers.

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Best Perfume For Women

Perfume is the ultimate accessory: a simple spritz can boost your confidence, lift your mood and leave behind a subtle but long-lasting impression. It’s also one of the most cost-effective beauty products on the market, with perfume sales rising by 12% in 2018. And while some women have signature scents that remind them of a specific memory or person, many are happy to try a wide range of perfumes for women, finding one that they associate with their personal style. For the girl who loves a frothy, fruity fragrance, we recommend Kilian’s Love, Don’t Be Shy. This feminine and floral perfume for women evokes the innocence of first love, with notes of ruby red grapefruit, bergamot, spring mimosa and Hawaiian wedding flower. Plus, it’s one of the cleanest perfumes available, containing no parabens or phthalates. The best perfumes for women combine a fresh, clean scent with a touch of warmth and mystery. If you’re a minimalist, reach for Philosophy Fresh Cream, which smells like a cozy sweater against cool fall breezes. The scent blends blackcurrant nectar and mandarin with warm vanilla notes for an intoxicating, can’t-get-enough fragrance. A floral fragrance is a must for any fashionista. Whether you prefer the wide-eyed and awake scent of Clinique’s Happy or the hypnotic depth of Gucci Bloom, these top perfumes for women are a dreamy addition to your collection. The former is a crowd-pleaser and often the perfume of choice for teenagers, while the latter is a classic that’s been beloved by generations of women. For a perfume that oozes femininity, look no further than Marc Jacob’s Daisy. This youthful scent is the fragrance equivalent of running through a wildflower field and can be easily mixed, matched or layered for a sexy evening scent. For a rich, deep fragrance that’s as sultry as you are, try Black Orchid. In a recent study, researchers found that perfumes can reduce body odor and help fight the spread of skin infections. To test this, they asked a group of volunteers to spray two different perfumes into each armpit while washing the other with non-perfumed soap. They then tested each of the armpits for odor and noticed that those who had sprayed perfume had significantly less body odor than the unscented armpit. The team believes that the reason is that the perfume masks and eliminates certain smells, thereby eliminating the body’s need to produce them. The results of this research are intriguing, but further studies will be necessary to determine the exact reasons behind the phenomenon. We may receive commission from purchases made via links on this page. Prices are accurate as of publication date and subject to change. For more information, please read our Disclosure Policy. For more articles, visit WWD’s Beauty Guide.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance (Frache in French, parfum in the EU) is a mixture of 30 to 50 chemicals that is added to cosmetic products to make them smell nice. It is used in perfumes, hair sprays, colognes and deodorants and in the production of some cosmetic and cleaning products. It is not a drug and does not cure a disease, but it may help relieve stress or anxiety and it can make a person feel more attractive and confident. The use of fragrances dates back to the earliest human civilizations, but modern perfumery began with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds that allowed for creation of scents impossible to create solely from natural aromatic substances. The composition of a perfume is structured into three distinct parts known as the head, middle and base notes. Depending on the type of fragrance, each part has different effects. For example, a perfume that is formulated with predominantly top notes will have a more light, fresh scent. Middle notes are often more floral and heavier than the top notes, and they add depth to a perfume. And the base notes provide the lasting impression of a perfume, which can last for hours after application. Perfumes are usually grouped into families. However, it is difficult to classify a perfume containing only one particular aromatic substance, since most perfumes contain overtones of several families. Perfumes containing mostly flowers are usually classified as floral, while those with a more musk-like structure are classified as oriental. A fragrant substance that contains volatile oils and a variety of other chemicals, either natural or synthetic, that are able to produce the odors of a single raw material. These materials are called essences, fractions or isolates and they can be produced by using various processes such as enfleurage, maceration and alcohol extraction. Generally, they are less complex than a finished fragrance compound and they are available from a single company under a trade name. Unlike many cosmetic products, perfumes are not required to disclose the ingredients on their labels. This is because perfumes are considered to be a luxury item and the disclosure of ingredients could affect the marketability of the product. However, some chemicals used in perfumes have been linked to a range of health problems including cancer, reproductive toxicity and allergic contact dermatitis. Some perfumes contain chemicals that are so harmful they have been treated by the FDA like drugs and are only available over-the-counter under prescription. Consequently, the industry has been shifting toward a more natural and organic approach to perfume making. This is reflected in the emergence of new terms such as “natural fragrance” and “pure perfume”. Currently, the majority of perfumes sold in the US are synthetic. However, there are some artisanal perfumes made from natural products. These are often marketed as eau de parfum, a French term that is translated to mean “fragranced water”. This category of perfumes also includes a number of colognes and body sprays that are marketed under the name of ‘Pour Homme’ and ‘Pour Femme’.

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What is SDY Togel?

Welcome to our interesting blog! If you are interested in gambling and looking for a new way to entertain yourself, then you have come to the right place. On this occasion, we will discuss result sdy (Sydney), a type of togel game that is popular in Indonesia. Are you curious about what Togel SDY is? How to play? What are the advantages and disadvantages of playing SDY lottery? And of course, are there any special tips for winning this game? Don’t worry! We will discuss all these questions in full in this article. Stay with us until the end of the article as we will also share information on how to use Live Sdy to increase your chances of winning! Ready to dig deeper into the world of SDY Togel? Let’s go straight to the next discussion! Togel SDY (Sydney) is a form of lottery game that is popular in Indonesia. Togel itself is an abbreviation of “toto dark”, which means guessing numbers randomly to win cash prizes. SDY, in this case, refers to the Sydney market as the source of the draw results. In Togel SDY, players are asked to choose a number of numbers from 00 to 99 according to their predictions. After that, the draw is carried out and the results will determine whether you succeed in winning or not. Many people are attracted to this game because of the possibility of making huge profits just by guessing a few numbers. However, it is important for every player to realize that SDY Togel also involves complex mathematical factors of luck and chance. Although there are strategies and tips that can help increase your chances, there is still no guarantee of absolute success in this game. What’s more interesting is that SDY Togel has also evolved to become more modern with the Live Sdy service or live broadcast of the Sydney lottery draw. By using Live Sdy, players can watch the drawing process live and find out the results in real-time via the internet or mobile application. This provides a special sensation for lottery fans so they can feel the excitement when the selected numbers are announced! Are you interested in trying your luck in the lottery world? One type of lottery that is popular is Sidney Togel (SDY). However, before you start this adventure, there are some important steps you must follow. First of all, find a trusted online lottery site or bookie. Make sure they have an official license and a good reputation in providing services to players. After that, create an account by filling in your personal data correctly and completely. The next step is to make a deposit into your account via various payment methods provided by the site. After your balance is entered, it’s time to choose the type of bet you want to play. In SDY Togel, usually there are various options such as 2D, 3D, 4D, and free or Macau plugs. After determining the type of bet and the number of numbers to be placed, also determine the nominal amount of money you want to spend as a bet. After all the settings have been completed, just click submit and wait for the numbers to be output at certain times according to the Sydney live draw schedule. Make sure to always play responsibly and not use borrowed money or other important money to gamble. Always remember that this game depends on the luck factor so winning cannot be guaranteed. Playing the SDY lottery can provide advantages and disadvantages for the players. However, before placing a bet, it is important to understand that gambling is still risky. One of the advantages of playing the SDY lottery is the potential for big prizes that you can win. In the SDY lottery, the main prize usually reaches billions of rupiah! If you have an accurate strategy or prediction, your chances of winning big are wide open. Apart from that, playing lottery can also be entertainment and fun free time. Observing the output numbers every day and calculating possible number combinations is an interesting activity for some people. SDY lottery also provides the opportunity to gather with other lottery fan communities and share information and tips to increase your chances of winning. However, there are also disadvantages that must be considered when playing the SDY lottery. One of them is the risk of losing money uncontrollably if you are not careful in placing bets. Sometimes the attraction of big prizes keeps a person trapped in an endless cycle of gambling. In addition, the large number of frauds in the online world makes players vulnerable to fraud or illegal gambling sites that do not pay out their winnings. Therefore, make sure to always do it

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a popular culture phenomenon that occurs when people modify their looks to suit current trends and styles. This can include clothing, hairstyles, footwear and accessories, and is typically dictated by a cultural or social group. Fashion is a form of self-expression, and it can also be used as a way to communicate one’s beliefs or values. Fashions can vary widely within a society, according to age, social class, generation and occupation. They may also change over time. The fashion industry is a multibillion-dollar business, and changes in popular tastes are often influenced by new technology, environmental concerns, economic pressures and social dialogues. People use fashion to express their individuality, and it is important to them that they look unique and original. They want to look beautiful and glamorous, and they are constantly looking for stylish clothes and other items that will give them this feeling. They are influenced by celebrities and other people in the public eye, and they will try to copy their style. This is why fashion is sometimes called a popularity contest. Historically, people would create fashions by using their own creativity and imagination. They were inspired by the art and literature of their time, and they experimented with different combinations of materials, colors and shapes. They were also influenced by the latest discoveries from other parts of the world. The changing of fashions was an important part of the evolution of human culture. The fashions of ancient times included the asymmetrical dress of Heian period Japan, the robes worn by Buddhist priests in the Tang Dynasty of China, and the tight-fitting, long-sleeved dresses of Renaissance Europe. By the modern era, people were wearing a more relaxed silhouette with shorter skirts and pants, and they began to wear more jewelry, perfume and makeup. Nowadays, it is much harder to create a new fashion. There are so many options available for a person to choose from, and it can be hard to stand out in the crowd. It is more likely that someone will copy the style of a celebrity or other well-known figure. This is how a fashion trend develops, and it can take some time for it to catch on. While some people are able to resist the temptation of buying new clothes, others find it difficult to do so. This can be due to the fact that new fashions are constantly emerging, and it is easy to get caught up in this cycle. It is also possible that people can become addicted to fashion because they are constantly chasing after a new style of clothes, shoes or body make-up. Moreover, fashions can be promoted by the fashion industry for profit and to encourage materialism. This is a negative aspect of fashion, as it can force consumers to buy things they don’t need. In addition, the cyclical nature of fashion means that styles can quickly become outdated and lose their appeal. Then, they can be reintroduced in the future with a new twist and become a fashionable trend again.

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What is Perfume?

Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents in liquid form used to give the human body, food, animals, objects and living-spaces an agreeable scent. Perfumes are formulated from various sources, such as aromatic tree resins, spices, flowers, fruits, herbs, animal and vegetable matter and exotic woods. Perfumes are generally diluted in alcohol, which acts as a fixative to delay the evaporation of the perfume and also contributes to its longevity. The history of perfume dates back thousands of years. During the seventeenth century perfume became hugely popular in France where King Louis XIV was known as ‘the fragrance king’ and it was used extensively at court and throughout his palaces. During Elizabeth’s reign in England public spaces were also fragrant and scent was used to mask bad body odours, something still practised today. Fragrance is produced by distillation and extraction of the fragrant essences from plant materials. To produce a kilogram of essential oil, up to 40,000 flowers may be needed, which explains why perfumes can be so expensive. Once the essences have been extracted they are’matured’ or ‘aged’, a process that can take up to a month and then blended with other ingredients such as alcohol, which acts as a fixative and gives perfumes their longevity by delaying their evaporation. Once the blending and maturing process has been completed the perfume is tested for its suitability and allowed to continue ‘aging’ for a further month to a year or more, during which time it is stored undisturbed in a darkened area to allow its structure to strengthen. At the end of this period the perfume is re-tested and if it passes the quality control process it is ready to be sold or distributed. There are many different formats that perfume can be purchased in, from small sample bottles (called tester vials) and larger bottles to spritzers and wipes. Perfumes are available in a range of concentrations, which vary according to the strength and lasting power of the perfume. The most potent, strongest perfumes are those that contain the most essential oils or aroma compounds. Patrick Suskind’s 1985 best-selling novel Perfume is about an 18th-century Frenchman who has a preternaturally acute sense of smell and becomes obsessed with capturing the essence of scent. The film version by director Tom Tykwer, starring Ben Whishaw as Jean-Baptiste Grenouille, takes Suskind’s story into the modern day Lower Rhine region of Germany and was considered unfilmable at the outset because of its central theme, but it has proved to be an atmospheric thriller.

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Victoria’s Secret Is Changing Its Tone

When Victoria’s Secret began in 1977, founder Ron Raymond wanted to buy lingerie as a gift for his wife but was disappointed by the department store options. He saw racks of terry cloth robes and ugly floral-print nylon nightgowns that he thought were unattractive and stereotypical of women’s clothing. So he decided to open his own store that offered “sensual, evocative lingerie for the sexy woman.” The company started with five stores and a 40-page catalog. Within a few years, it was a multimillion-dollar operation that Les Wexner bought in 1982. Wexner and his chief marketing officer Ed Razek set out to create a brand that was as much a fantasy of feminine beauty as it was a retailer. Victoria’s Secret became the go-to destination for all of a woman’s needs: lingerie, sleepwear, beauty, athletic apparel, shoes and swimwear, plus its teeny-bopper sister line PINK. For decades, the Victoria’s Secret fashion show was a pop-culture phenomenon, attracting millions of viewers and cementing the brand in America’s mind. But with the rise of the #MeToo movement and increased scrutiny over how companies portray women, the brand was forced to rethink its image. In 2019, the annual fashion show ended, and the company announced a complete rebranding including expanding into sizes that were historically ignored and ditching the Angels in favor of a more inclusive group of real women. The new campaign, led by Martin Waters, chief executive of parent company L Brands, has been met with a mixture of enthusiasm and skepticism. But some retail analysts are optimistic that the company is making headway in retooling its image. They point to the introduction of new products and lines, such as a mastectomy bra and stretchy sports bras, and the expansion of the store’s collection of size-inclusive lingerie, as signs that the company is changing its tone. Victoria’s Secret is still facing competition from up-and-coming lingerie start-ups like ThirdLove and Lively, as well as American Eagle’s Aerie division. But the retailer is working to stay relevant by becoming more inclusive, according to Jane Hali & Associates analyst Jessica Ramirez. She says she’s noticed the company’s selection of merchandise in stores and online is more diverse, and that its models appear less retouched in images. Until recently, a 40%-off sale sign was a common sight at Victoria’s Secret stores, and the company regularly offered flash sales on its famous Angel bras and panties. But after the #MeToo movement emboldened many women to be more vocal about body positivity and demand for more realistic portrayals of women, Victoria’s Secret has been struggling. In a bid to win back shoppers, the company has introduced new campaigns and collections featuring plus-size models and is expanding its offerings beyond its signature bras, including adding size-inclusive lingerie startup Adore Me to its portfolio last year. It’s also begun highlighting full-figured lingerie models in ads and on its website, as well as refreshing its stores with blush pink walls.

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The Best Women Perfume From Top Brands

Women perfume is a beauty staple that makes you feel confident, gives your spirit a lift and leaves behind a lovely aroma. But with so many fragrances to choose from, finding the one that is a perfect fit for your personality can be overwhelming. Whether you prefer floral, woody or fruity notes, we have you covered with the best perfumes for women from top brands. From the classics to modern masterpieces, these scents are irresistible at any age and offer a sense of elegance that is both timeless and timeless. With a simple spritz of perfume, you can give your day or night a boost and create a lasting impression. The Belk collection of perfumes for women includes everything you need to find the right fragrance that embodies who you are. Whether you’re looking for an eau de parfum, eau de toilette or a cologne, the right women’s fragrance will be the one that brings out your best. The concept of what defines a feminine fragrance has evolved in our modern era, and fragrances are now more than ever genderless. Perfumers have also embraced natural ingredients to create new, unimaginable fragrances. But even with all these changes, a few drops of a quality perfume can leave you feeling like a princess at any occasion. While the idea of finding your perfect signature scent is not an easy task, it can be a fun and exciting adventure. With the right blend of natural oils and synthetics, you’ll be ready to walk into any room with the confidence of knowing that you smell your best. A classic among women perfume, Chanel No 5 is an iconic floral fragrance that is both elegant and timeless. With a base of vanilla and white amber, this feminine scent is a sexy combination of sweet and sultry notes that never overpowers the other elements. For those who love fresh and light scents, Calvin Klein’s Ck One is a favorite of women looking for a perfume that isn’t too heavy. It’s a crisp fragrance that opens with an invigorating blend of lemon, papaya and pineapple, then softens to a lush green tea and cardamom scent. If you’re looking for a perfume that is both playful and sensual, Marc Jacobs Daisy will make your heart skip a beat. This floral fragrance starts off with the zesty zing of grapefruit and teases your olfactories with violet and jasmine petals. Then, it settles down with a subtle hint of creamy musk. This is the ideal perfume for a young and free-spirited woman. It’s a fragrance that captures the innocence of childhood and the excitement of adulthood. It’s a perfume for the woman who knows what she wants and how to get it. With a blend of ingenuity and artisanal expertise, this fragrance is truly the best perfume for women.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a broad term that could mean any of the dozens or hundreds of chemicals used to give some beauty and personal care products their scent. When you see the word fragrance on a product label, it could be covering everything from perfumes to body sprays, lotions and detergents. Many of these chemicals are linked to health concerns ranging from hormone disruption and reproductive issues to allergies and cancer. The word fragrance is most often used to describe a combination of organic chemical compounds that emit a smell or odor, whether pleasant or unpleasant. It’s sometimes used interchangeably with the word perfume, but perfume is a liquid mixture that people use to apply on their skin to emit a pleasant scent and it can contain either fragrant essential oils or synthetic aromatic chemicals. Perfumes are generally categorized into 5 main groups loosely based on the concentration of aromatic compounds. These are parfum, eau de toilette, eau de parfum, cologne and aftershave. Perfumes are generally considered to be the highest concentration of fragrance and are most expensive; however, there are knock-off versions that have a similar scent and are much cheaper. Most perfumes have at least 3 notes and can contain as few as one to as many as 40 different ingredients. These are the top, middle and base notes. Each note is created from a specific combination of natural or synthetic aroma chemicals. Top notes are usually the most recognizable part of a perfume and have a fresh, light or clean scent. Middle notes are more complex, adding depth to the scent. They may also have more musky or woody characteristics. The base notes add a rich, solid and long-lasting characteristic to the fragrance. The fragrance industry has maintained a system of self-regulatory safety assurance for over 30 years that is overseen by an independent non-profit institute called the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM). The RIFM system covers human health, environmental and exposure methodology as well as toxicity testing. There is growing concern that the many chemicals that make up a fragrance are harmful to our health, including phthalates, which have been shown to disrupt hormones and lower sperm counts; eugenol, a chemical found in clover that may cause allergic reactions; and acetaldehyde and oxybenzone, both of which have been linked to endocrine disruptors. A few companies are offering natural perfumes and colognes that are free from these chemicals, but they’re still very difficult to find. You’ll have a much better chance of finding something organic by reading the ingredient list on the back of a bottle of perfume or cologne. Ideally, look for an organic version of the scent you’re looking for or try mixing your own. It’s much easier than you think, and the scent will be more natural and more appealing. You’ll save money and avoid the hormone-disrupting and allergy-causing synthetics that most commercial products contain. You’ll also be getting all the benefits of organically grown essential oils, which are far more potent than their synthetic counterparts.

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What is Fashion and How Does it Affect Us?

Fashion is much more than the clothing industry, it’s also an art form that expresses a person’s personality and attitude. It’s an expression of the world we live in, a mirror and a distortion of our values, perfect and flawed at once. While it’s often assumed that changes in fashion reflect societal change or the financial interests of designers and manufacturers, research has shown that there are internal taste mechanisms at play as well. For example, Stanley Lieberman found that there are patterns in first names that are unrelated to commercial interest and are instead driven by an innate desire to be unique. The same goes for styles of clothing; some things are simply “in fashion” at a given time because people want to be the first ones wearing them. From an economic perspective, fashion is a huge industry that employs around 300 million people all over the world and generates billions of dollars in revenue. It is an integral part of our society and it’s something that everyone has an opinion on. Whether you like it or not, fashion is all around us and influences our lives in many ways. For instance, if you’re a woman, you can choose the kind of clothes you wear to feel more confident and beautiful about yourself. It’s also a great way to make new friends and start conversations with strangers. If you’re an artist or a designer, fashion can help you show off your work and attract potential customers. It can even make you popular in your community. But there’s a dark side to the fashion industry as well; it promotes body shaming and degradation of self-esteem when you can’t achieve the latest trends. Then there’s the environmental impact of all those clothes and accessories – it requires massive amounts of water, energy and chemicals to make them. It also takes a lot of resources to grow and harvest the materials used in fashion and most of the products are imported from other countries. But there’s a way to help reduce the negative impact of the fashion industry and that is by choosing sustainable brands that use eco-conscious materials and practices. It’s not too late to switch to vegan fashion, and we have a lot of choice on the market, from high-end designer brands to everyday pieces that you can wear for work or a night out with your friends. There are so many ways to express your personality through fashion; it can be a subtle whisper, a loud shout or an all-knowing wink and smile. Choose what works for you, and be creative! Have fun with it and don’t take yourself too seriously. After all, it’s just a way to be unique! After all, when did “fashion” ever really go away? It’s just a matter of time before it comes back into style again. Just like the old Levi jeans that are now considered classics were once worn by miners because of their copper rivets that extended the lifespan of the pants.

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What Is Perfume?

Perfume is a type of fragrance that can be worn to give a person a pleasant scent. It is a combination of oil, alcohol, and other chemicals that are combined to produce a distinctive smell that can be used to attract people or make them more attractive. Perfume is also called parfum or eau de toilette and it comes in many different concentrations. There are both natural and synthetic perfumes. Some of the most popular include lavender, citrus, vanilla, and musk. Some perfumes can last for hours or even days and can be worn on the neck, wrists, arms, or legs. The earliest known use of perfume dates back to ancient times and the art of creating scents has been popular throughout history. References to perfume materials and formulas have been found in the writings of the Chinese, Indians, Egyptians, Carthaginians, and Romans. The first liquid perfumes were made by combining oils with crushed flowers, herbs, roots, or other natural substances. The Persian chemist Ibn Sina (also known as Avicenna) developed the process of distilling oils, which greatly improved perfume making and is still used today. By the early modern period, perfume had become a symbol of wealth and social standing and men often carried a small bottle with them to use on their journeys or when meeting important persons. In contrast, women of modest means typically wore only a light, clean-smelling scented powder or soap. By the middle of the nineteenth century, the once prestigious and refined practice of wearing perfume was considered rather tacky and only prostitutes and other low-class people continued this habit. Modern perfumes are usually made of a combination of natural and synthetic ingredients. Natural elements are primarily from flower, fruit, root or vegetable extracts and can also include animal odors from musk, whales, and beaver. The chemical properties of natural products can be mimicked using synthetic compounds, which has greatly expanded the range of perfumes available and made them more affordable for most people. The highest perfume concentration is called Parfum and it is usually an alcoholic solution containing 20 to 50 percent perfume compounds. Eau de parfum is a slightly less concentrated version that has an average of 10-25 percent perfume compounds and eau de toilette or cologne contains 2 to 6 percent. Other types of perfume include bath oils, skin perfumes, and aftershave lotions. Fragrance is the generic name for any kind of odor-enhancing product and can include perfumes, colognes, body mists, bath oils, and even some hair sprays. Most perfumes are made with a mixture of oils and other compounds but some are purely synthetic and contain no natural components at all. Most perfumes are listed as a proprietary blend on the label and their composition is kept secret. For this reason, these types of products are not subject to the same safety laws as other cosmetics and food. However, these kinds of products are regulated in some countries and may not be sold to children.

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Discover the Best Women’s Perfume

Whether you’re looking for the perfect signature scent, something special for a romantic night out or an everyday staple that will linger all day, we’ve got you covered. These 46 perfumes for women come in a variety of prices, bottle sizes and fragrance concentrations to suit any taste or occasion. From timeless classics like Chanel No. 5 to modern reinterpretations of classic florals, there’s something for everyone here—and many of these bottles make for excellent gifts too. Perfume and cologne have been used for centuries to enhance an individual’s smell and help mask any body odor, and it’s believed that the way people perceive a person’s smell is influenced by their environment, gender and mood. Perfume can also impact the way a person feels about themselves, which is why it’s important to find a fragrance that makes you feel confident and happy. The newest scents from top brands like Gucci, Versace and YSL are a mix of feminine florals, woody musks, citrus and musky aromas to suit any personality. While many people tend to associate floral scents with femininity and woody smoky aromas with masculinity, there’s really no one-size-fits-all perfume or scent that will work for every person. Fragrance is a personal preference, and there’s nothing wrong with wearing whatever you love, but it’s worth testing out some of the latest scents to see what you like. Using the best perfumes for women will not only enhance your own natural smell, but it can also boost your self-confidence and may even have health benefits. In a recent study, researchers found that perfume can increase the perceived attractiveness of a person by both men and women, and it may depend on the phase of their menstrual cycle. Researchers tested this theory by applying perfume to a woman’s skin and measuring her level of attraction at each point of the menstrual cycle. The results showed that the most attractive scent was when perfume was applied at the end of the menstrual cycle, while the least attractive was at the beginning of the menstrual cycle. The perfumes featured in this article are not necessarily products that we own or have been paid to endorse, but they may be referred to as “the best.” We may receive commission from purchases made through links in this article. This does not influence our editorial content or reviews. If happiness could be bottled, it would look (and smell) like Marc Jacobs’ Daisy. This eau de toilette is fresh and sweet, with notes of crisp strawberry, violet and jasmine paired with a teensy bit of sultry sandalwood. The sprightly, dreamy scent is easy to layer and works well with most other fragrances. Available at Sephora, you can choose from the smaller 1.2 ounce travel spray or go big and buy the larger 3.4 oz bottle to look great on your vanity. Chloe Metzger is the deputy beauty director at Cosmopolitan, where she’s been editing and writing beauty stories for over a decade — from cystic acne treatments to the best magnetic eyelashes. She’s always on the hunt for new beauty discoveries, especially perfumes that make you feel as good as you look.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a pleasant-smelling liquid which people put on their bodies to make themselves smell nice. It is made from a mixture of various scent chemicals, usually including essential oils and synthetic perfume chemicals. Some people have allergies to particular scents and some use odor-neutralizing soap or body lotion when they want to avoid certain smells. Several companies produce and market fragrances, which can be found in almost any store that sells cosmetics. Some people also make their own homemade perfume. The word fragrance (also perfume, scent, and redolence) suggests a mixture of sweet or pleasing odors, especially those of flowers or other growing things. Perfume is a specific type of fragrance, but the term fragnance can also be used for other kinds of scented products such as soaps and lotions. Perfume can be made from natural ingredients or synthesized in laboratories using various chemical compounds. It is sometimes referred to as parfum in Europe and cologne in the United States, but it can contain from tens to hundreds of chemicals, so it is more generically referred to as “fragrance” on an ingredient list. There is a wide range of perfumes available, and the different types can be grouped into scent families. The Fragrance Wheel, invented by a perfumer, helps to classify the scents into groups that share similar olfactory characteristics. The families and subfamilies that are side-by-side on the wheel are the closest in olfactory chemistry, and those that are further apart are less related. Scent molecules are often classified into head, middle, and base notes. Head notes are the most noticeable at first, but they quickly evaporate and are largely replaced by middle notes and base notes. Middle and base notes combine to form the main scent that lasts for at least 30 minutes after the perfume has been applied. The odors of a perfume are also often described as being mellow, fresh, woody, or spicy. In the late eighteenth century, perfume became a social symbol of status. Men who wanted to appear prestigious would wear eau de cologne and women who sought to be considered desirable would dress in perfume. The scents of aristocracy were rich, luxurious, and flowery; middle-class and working class people typically wore more musky scents such as vanilla or sandalwood. Fragrance chemicals can cause a variety of negative reactions, including dermatitis, headaches, and asthma, as well as some behavioral changes such as depression and anxiety. Many fragrance chemicals are also known carcinogens. There is no single safe amount to consume of perfume, so consumers should always read the ingredient lists on products before buying. In the US, a product that says “fragrance” or “parfum” on its label is usually a mixture of at least ten chemicals, and in Europe it is more likely to be made up of about 50 ingredients. Some consumer organizations have developed scoring systems, such as Skin Deep, that help consumers determine whether a product is safe to use.

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The Influence of Fashion in Popular Culture

Fashion is a global cultural phenomenon with profound social and economic implications. The industry encompasses a broad range of business activities including design, production, retail, and marketing. Its impact extends beyond clothing to include footwear, accessories, jewelry, and even behavior. Its influence is seen in popular culture, where styles are reflected and influenced by the broader society. Fashion has been used throughout history as a way to communicate ideas, social status, and individuality. From the glitz of Hollywood to the street style of New York, fashion is more than just a hobby—it’s a lifestyle. The fashion industry plays a crucial role in the global economy, employing millions of people worldwide. In addition to its economic benefits, the industry promotes artistic and creative expression. It also provides a platform for political activism, with many designers taking on a stance in the wake of recent events. With the advent of industrialization, clothing manufacturing became a mass-production endeavor. In the 21st century, this trend continues with manufacturing automation and the growth of online shopping. These factors have democratized the way we follow and create fashion trends. We see influences from past subcultures and their motifs, patterns, shapes, colors, and cuts in contemporary garments from all over the world. While some styles of clothing are made explicitly for men or women, others are gender neutral. Gender-neutral dressing has gained popularity amongst young people, and this trend may continue into the future. In other cultures, however, gender-specific fashions still exist. For example, men wearing dresses is considered extremely inappropriate in some societies. Fashion is also an incredibly popular form of art, often portrayed in music videos, films, and advertisements. Some people are known as “fashionistas” or “fashion victims,” meaning they slavishly follow the latest trends. The word fashion itself is derived from the Latin verb facere, meaning “to make.” Fashion has always been an important part of culture and the human experience. The way we dress is a reflection of our personality and character, as well as our beliefs, values, and culture. It is a medium of self-expression, and it can be used to convey our innermost emotions. Fashion is constantly changing, and it is a great way to show off our creativity. The best fashion articles are those that tell an original and compelling story. They should also be well-researched, containing accurate information that is backed up by credible sources. Finally, they should be aesthetically pleasing. The perfect article should capture the reader’s interest from start to finish. Whether the topic is a trending style or an insider’s perspective, it should have a clear and captivating message that will resonate with readers.

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How Perfume Is Made

Perfume is one of the smallest yet most enduring pleasures we take in daily life, and finding that perfect fragrance is like the finishing touch on any outfit. Whether it makes you feel more confident or elicits memories of past relationships, perfume is one of those things that can instantly alter your mood. But before you start spritzing, it’s important to understand how perfumes are made and what the different scent notes in your favorite fragrances mean. Modern perfumes are a mix of tens to hundreds of ingredients, including essential oils (derived from plants or synthetic aromatic chemicals), fixatives, and solvents. The dilution and blending process gives the finished product its long-lasting scent and unique personality. The essential oil or extract serves as the base of the perfume, while fixatives and solvents add intensity and longevity. Depending on the ingredients, perfumes are divided into fragrance families. These are combinations of fragrances that share similar qualities, such as the notes used or the way they evolve over time. There are also individual notes, such as the top, middle, and base. The top, also known as the head notes, are the first scents you smell when applying a perfume and are usually more intense. The middle, or heart, notes develop over time and are more subtle. The base notes, which are the longest-lasting, are what lingers on your skin after the top and middle notes fade. Fragrance chemists add in special additives to slow the evaporation of the perfume and give it an added aroma. These ingredients, like musk from beavers and ambergris from sperm whales, can add a subtle but distinct characteristic to the scent and may help enhance its durability. Other fixatives, like sage, ylang-ylang, and frankincense, may add a richness and depth to the fragrance that is difficult to replicate synthetically. After all of these components are mixed together, the resulting perfume is tested and bottled. Then, it’s ready to wear. While most people have a signature fragrance that they stick with, experimenting with a variety of scents can help you discover what works best for you and your body chemistry. Keep in mind that perfumes can last years when stored properly and sprayed correctly, but once they start to lose their potency, it’s time for an upgrade. To extend the lifespan of your perfumes, store them in a cool, dark place where they won’t be exposed to sunlight or heat, which can cause them to degrade faster. Also, avoid rubbing your perfumes together or touching them directly to other objects, which can dilute and change the scent.

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Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons (Hulu)

The lingerie empire that defined a generation gets the docu-series treatment in the new Hulu series. A sex, power and money drama that is set to titillate, the three-part Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons exposes the dark underbelly of the billionaire brand in an epic look at fashion, misogyny and the power of the media. When Ron Raymond opened the first Victoria’s Secret store and catalog in 1977, he was aiming to take a niche category of women’s underwear and make it mainstream. His idea was to lure women with a combination of English romance and modern feminist imagery, offering new colors, patterns and styles that promised sexiness packaged in tasteful, glamorous ways. The brand thrived. By 1982, it had grown to five stores and a 40-page catalog, grossing a reported $6 million per year. Its success was bolstered by the introduction of the Miracle Bra in 1993, which quickly became the best-selling bra of its kind. The company also launched a TV show featuring barely-there models wearing massive wings, heavy makeup and six-inch heels. The Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show was a pop culture phenomenon that helped the brand become an industry titan. But over the years, the brand’s image shifted to exude an unattainable and narrow definition of beauty. The bombastic Fashion Show was relegated to the ether in 2018 as its audience dwindled, and the brand’s leaders—including CEO Ed Razek and chairman and former CEO Leslie Wexner—were accused of sexual misconduct and maintaining a culture of misogyny. Rival lingerie brands and startups have been gaining market share by tapping into the female consumer’s desire for more inclusive marketing. In 2019, Wexner stepped down as chairman and CEO of parent company L Brands, and the company sold a majority stake to private equity fund Sycamore Partners. A 2020 New York Times investigation uncovered the fact that Wexner had been working with Jeffrey Epstein, a suspected pedophile, in the 1990s, when Wexner was still the CEO of L Brands and its flagship brand Victoria’s Secret. A new era for the brand has begun, with a redesigned website, a more inclusive marketing strategy and an expanded size range. The brand has swapped out its long-running roster of Angels (the supermodels who bare all for the brand) in favor of an ad campaign that features women from around the world who aren’t afraid to embrace their bodies. And it has taken steps to develop products that previously were a glaring omission—nursing and mastectomy bras. As a result of its rebrand and revamp, the brand has seen a slight uptick in sales. But it remains a distant leader in the crowded and competitive lingerie space, with a market share of just 24% in 2018, according to data from research firm Coresight. And it continues to battle back DTC rivals that have benefited from consumers’ growing desire for more inclusivity and customization. It’s an intriguing story that, when coupled with the explosive revelations in the new series, should be a must-see for any consumer.

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46 of the Best Women Perfume for Women

If you’re like most women, your perfume is a crucial finishing touch to your daily look. Not only does a well-formulated fragrance add an instant boost of confidence and elevate your mood, but it leaves an olfactory imprint on those who encounter you. Perfumes have a unique power to trigger happy memories and evoke emotions—it’s no wonder we all associate certain smells with our childhoods, vacations, and even first loves. As a result, it’s important to find the right women perfume that captures your personality and suits the occasion. Whether you prefer a light and fresh scent that’s reminiscent of a just-picked lemon or an intense floral that resembles a flowery valley, the Belk collection offers plenty of options for everyone. Ahead, we’ve rounded up 46 of the best perfumes for women—whether you want to feel like a princess for date night or are looking for a long-lasting signature fragrance. The selection includes eau de parfum and eau de toilette options, as well as gift sets that make it easy to try many of the newest scents. While there is no scientific proof that a particular scent can influence one’s mood, it has been reported that scents are perceived as a sign of cleanliness and social status in many cultures. As such, it’s no surprise that we spend so much time determining what we smell like and spritzing on a little extra fragrance. Choosing the perfect perfume can be daunting, but a few simple guidelines can help you narrow down your options. Start by determining which fragrance profiles you tend to gravitate towards: Do you prefer light and fresh or deep and musky? Once you have an idea of what type of fragrances appeal to you, it’s also helpful to think about the scents that are important to your everyday lifestyle. For example, if you love to go out hiking, try a woody and earthy fragrance, such as the iconic Dior Homme’s La Vie Est Belle Intensement. Or, if you’re a modern minimalist who loves to travel, opt for a clean and fresh fragrance that’s formulated without synthetic ingredients like neroli and petitgrain from Kilian’s Love, Don’t Be Shy. While you’re shopping for the best perfumes for women, check out these beauty stories to discover new skincare, makeup, and haircare products you’ll fall in love with. Chloe Metzger is the deputy beauty director at Cosmopolitan with nearly 10 years of experience researching, writing, and editing everything from cystic acne treatments to best magnetic eyelashes. She chose the perfumes above based on her own personal testing and expert reviews. To learn more about the most popular perfume notes, OnBuy analyzed the top fragrances on the market and found that green apple, berries, black currant, and pineapple were some of the most common. They also found that lavender, iris, and Bulgarian rose were some of the most popular fragrance notes among women. Regardless of what your favorite fragrances are, remember that the scent attaches to the skin best when you’re hydrated.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance (also perfume, olfactory, or scent) is the odor of flowers and other growing things. It is the combination of essential oils or other chemical compounds and may be diluted with alcohol or other solvents. Perfume is often associated with romance, seduction, and arousal. It has also been found to increase perceived attractiveness. Despite its prominence in culture, research on fragrance is relatively sparse. Perfume has been studied as a reinforcer, but the interplay between conscious and neurobiological processes is not well understood. The olfactory sense is the human organ that perceives odors and sends them to the brain, where they are perceived as pleasure or unpleasantness. The olfactory system is composed of three parts: the nose, the olfactory bulb, and the limbic system. A combination of these components sends signals to the hippocampus and amygdala, which have been linked to emotion, memory, and reward. Interestingly, the receptors in the nose are also linked to sexual function and cognition. Perfume has been used since ancient times, but only during the eighteenth century did it become an integral part of fashion. It was considered to be a sign of wealth and class, and different perfumes were created for the aristocracy, bourgeoisie, and middle classes. Aristocrats were expected to change their perfumes daily. A perfume is a mix of different fragrance notes that are combined to create a harmonious scent accord. A perfume’s olfactory qualities can be described using musical metaphors; the top notes (also called head notes) produce the initial impression of the scent and evaporate quickly, followed by the deeper middle notes that develop as the top note fades, and finally the base notes emerge. These are the more intense scents that remain for two minutes to an hour after a person has applied the perfume. There are many types of perfume, and their names are derived from the ingredients they contain. Depending on the concentration of the perfume, it can be referred to as an eau de parfum, eau de toilette, or eau de parfume concentrate, or simply as EdP, EdT, or EdC. Perfume ingredients are either natural or synthetic. Natural perfumes are based on plant extracts, while synthetic ones are synthesised by chemical companies using natural or non-natural raw materials such as aldehydes, alcohols, and esters. Throughout most of history, perfume wearing and the use of certain fragrances were ungendered, with both men and women using them in equal proportions. However, during the nineteenth century, with the rise of germ theory and the belief that smells accompanied filth and illness, the public perception of perfume changed. It became a distinctly feminine fragrance, and the smell of floral blends and citruses was deemed exclusively feminine, while scents such as woody or musk-based perfumes were viewed as masculine. This resulted in a gender stereotype of perfume types and usage, which continues to this day. This article argues that future innovative research into the neurobiological underpinnings of perfume, including its rewarding properties, will help to dispel these stereotypes and allow people to choose their perfume according to their individual preferences.

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The Influence of Fashion on Society

Fashion is an ever-changing industry with influence from all areas of culture. Its dynamism is what makes it such a fascinating topic to explore. It’s impossible to define exactly what fashion is as trends change so quickly, but it is often described as a combination of changing trends in all aspects of culture, such as art, music, food and clothing. Fashion has a significant impact on society and continues to play an important role in the world of commerce. It is a major driver of the economy, with millions of people involved in the industry. This includes designers, tailors, seamstresses, dyers, modelers, photographers, printers and the many other individuals and businesses that support the creation and distribution of fashion. Clothes are not only necessary for the human body, but also serve as a form of personal expression. They can tell us what a person believes in, what they like, who they are and even what they do for a living. The fashion industry has become a global phenomenon and an integral part of our modern culture. Throughout history, fashion has played an important part in social change and advocacy. By wearing specific clothing, a person can show their solidarity with a movement or demonstrate their support for equality and other critical issues. Fashion has become a powerful tool for advocacy, and as the industry becomes more globalized, it is embracing sustainability as a key strategy to protect our planet. Trends start on the runways. Fashion shows are spectacles, with designers presenting over-the-top designs that look as if they came from another dimension. This dazzling display is meant to catch the attention of viewers and spark interest in their collections. Many of the styles seen on the runways go into mass production, but there are also some that remain exclusive couture pieces, made for a single individual. These are the pieces that fans save up for, buy and then model their own outfits after. Famous personalities have always influenced fashion, with artists, musicians and other celebrities inspiring the styles that the rest of society follows. The upper echelons of society have long exploited changes in fashion as a way to signal their wealth and status. A snazzy new dress or coat could mean that the wearer is surrounded by servants, can afford expensive food and drink or that they are simply at the height of their popularity. Once a style loses popularity, it is considered out of fashion and may sit in a store’s clearance section for a while. However, it is not uncommon for similar styles to resurface at some point in the future. This is known as cyclical fashion, and it can be a good thing for the environment as consumers will not continue to waste money on clothes they don’t need. However, this can also be dangerous if a consumer is easily swayed by the latest trends and is not capable of making independent choices. This type of consumer is called a “fashion victim.”

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What Is Perfume?

Perfume is a combination of a water or ethanol solution with scented oils blended in. Perfume oil comes from either natural or synthetic sources. Synthetics are usually used to provide fragrance compounds that are not available naturally or would be too expensive if extracted from natural sources. Perfume ingredients can also include colorants and anti-oxidants to improve marketability and extend perfume shelf life. During the Renaissance and into the nineteenth century, perfume wearing was ungendered, with both men and women enjoying the luxury of scenting themselves. But the spread of germ theory, along with a cultural view that smells of filth carried disease, led to a decline in perfume use and a gender stereotype for specific scents: sweet floral blends were viewed as exclusively feminine, while sharper woody, pine or cedar scents became distinctly masculine. Early perfumes were created by mixing oils of flowers, leaves and other plants in an oil base such as jojoba, almond or apricot kernel oil. Later, jojoba oil was replaced by the more potent perfume-grade alcohol ethyl hexane. Oils are obtained from plant materials using a variety of extraction methods, including steam distillation and solvent extraction. Some delicate oils require a technique called enfleurage in which petals are placed between layers of purified animal fats that become saturated with the flower’s fragrance, and then treated with alcohol to obtain a concentrated oil known as an absolute. Modern perfumes are often composed of a combination of natural and synthetic aroma chemicals, along with essential oils and other ingredients such as resins, waxes, spices, and metals. Perfumes contain a wide variety of chemical scent families, including aldehydes (benzoic, cinnamic), hexanal, linalool, coumarin and eugenol. The chemical composition of a perfume can be very complex, and the chemistry involved is still being studied to determine its effects on human health and the environment. Regardless of their source, all perfume ingredients, even those derived from plants, have the potential to cause allergic reactions in some individuals. Several organizations monitor and test fragrance ingredients to assess their safety. In the United States, these organizations are the FDA and IFRA. In addition to the odorous properties of fragrance chemicals, many of these compounds have therapeutic properties and may be helpful in treating various conditions, including anxiety, depression, asthma, dermatitis and headaches. Moreover, a perfume’s odor can have an impact on one’s mood and can influence other people’s reactions to the wearer. In one study, researchers asked a group of women to choose a perfume and report their subjective ratings of its perceived effectiveness at improving a certain emotion or state of mind. The results showed that the perfume had a strong effect on the women’s emotions, and that this impact was related to the odorant’s hedonic quality and its resemblance to the desired state of mind. The researchers concluded that a perfume’s hedonic quality may be important in its ability to evoke a desirable emotional response, and that the same concept might apply to other types of fragranced products such as cosmetics.

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Victoria’s Secret Perfume Review

The American lingerie retailer Victoria’s Secret is famous for its high-profile marketing, starting with its popular catalogue and annual fashion show featuring models dubbed Angels. Founded in 1977, the company is now part of L Brands and has expanded to over 1,000 physical stores and an online store worldwide. The documentary focuses on the company’s past and present, including its controversial history of misogyny and sexual misconduct. The film also explores the connection between its founder Les Wexner and Jeffrey Epstein, a disgraced financier accused of using his Victoria’s Secret connections to sexually exploit underage girls. While Wexner isn’t featured in the film, interviews with former executives paint a picture of a corporate culture that favored women who fit a narrow definition of beauty, even going so far as to refuse to produce maternity or shapewear products. The series also examines controversies involving the company’s Angels, including claims that some were paid less than their contracted salary and that some of them engaged in unhealthy relationships with men. Amid a wave of activism following the #MeToo movement, Victoria’s Secret has sought to shift its image in recent years by offering more inclusivity to consumers in terms of body size, race and gender. Its annual fashion shows have become less risqué, and the company has begun to feature more women of color in its ads and catalog images. Sales have been declining, however, and the new ad campaign seems to be an attempt to revive its fortunes. Although the company has been trying to make its lingerie more inclusive, some say that it’s not enough. Despite increasing selections, such as bralettes and sports bras, it continues to lack more padded and structured styles for bigger women. Additionally, the sizing for its bras becomes increasingly limited as you go up in cup size. In the largest cup size, for example, Victoria’s Secret only offers one style of bra. Upstart competitors such as ThirdLove and Savage X Fenty, on the other hand, offer a wider variety of options for all shapes and sizes. Whether you’re looking for a floral, fruity, or musky fragrance, the victoria secret perfumes have something to suit everyone. The ‘Crush’ perfume, for instance, is a zany combination of floral and spice that’s perfect for summer. If you’re in the mood for a softer scent, try the ‘Rapture’ perfume, which has a non-fruity and soothing musk that’s perfect for any occasion. The ‘Encounter’ fragrance is also a popular option. The blend of jasmine, lily, and white orchid creates a beautiful yet delicate scent that’s ideal for romantic occasions. Regardless of what you choose, a victoria secret perfume is sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who smells it. Aside from perfumes, the victoria secret beauty line features bath and body products that are available in different varieties as well. They can be purchased at different retailers including Victoria’s Secret, Nordstrom and Shopee. Some of these stores also offer a range of victoria secret accessories, so that you can match your look with the right items.

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There’s a Women’s Perfume For Every Woman

A fragrance togel hari ini is one of the most personal choices you can make, a subtle reminder of beautiful memories or an opportunity to create new ones. Fragrance is one of the oldest beauty products, with ancient text and archaeological finds pointing to the first perfumes in Egypt and Mesopotamia as early as the 2nd millennium B.C. Whether you’re looking for a classic floral scent like Philosophy’s Amazing Grace or something sexy, sophisticated and aspirational like Chanel Coco Mademoiselle Eau de Parfum, there’s a perfume for every woman. A cult-favorite that never goes out of style, Chanel No. 5 is the kind of perfume that can take you from office days to ladies’ lunches to a night out on the town and still smell as heavenly as it did when you first spritzed it. You can buy the iconic perfume in a smaller 1.2 ounce travel spray or go big with the 3.4 ounce bottle that will look gorgeous on your nightstand. With its uplifting notes of bergamot, muguet blossoms and musk, this perfume feels fresh and feminine. The lightness of the fragrance makes it a great option for everyday wear. If you want to take your perfume to the next level, upgrade to the Eau de Parfum version and layer it with a Body Mist for even longer-lasting aroma. This perfume has a very feminine, delicate and elegant feel to it that will always be in style. Its blend of jasmine and Rangoon creeper, a fun South Indian flower, is feminine but also flirty and youthful. If you’re a beach girl at heart, you need this summery perfume in your arsenal. Its bright citrus and tropical fruits will remind you of warm sand and salty sea air. The best part is that it’s available in an eau de toilette, so you can pack it with your sunnies and bikini and enjoy it all year round. You don’t have to be a perfume expert to know that the rose family is always in style. And this is especially true for Le Labo’s Santal 33, which features the delicate flowers of iris and violet atop earthy depths of cedar and sandalwood. The unisex perfume is a sultry, seductive scent that would be perfect for date night or a night out with friends. As a longtime editor at Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue, Diana Vreeland was no stranger to luxury and a great perfume. And her beloved Gucci Bloom is the perfect example of a luxurious perfume that manages to be both delicate and sexy. Its blend of florals and Rangoon creeper are not too heavy and therefore suitable for any age, and its fruity top notes give it a sense of vibrancy. A reinterpretation of the brand’s original Pour Femme, this fragrance has an extra touch of sophistication thanks to its addition of white musk. It’s a great perfume for women who love to take risks and be themselves.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is an umbrella term for a mixture of chemicals that emits an odor and may be pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral. Some people use the term interchangeably with perfume, but it is not the same thing. Perfume contains fragrant essential oils and other aromatic compounds that are blended together and used in a liquid mixture to produce a distinctive odor. Fragrance is made from both natural and synthetic ingredients. Many natural fragrances come from plants, but some come from animal sources such as whales or the civet cat. Modern perfumes and colognes typically contain several hundred natural and synthetic components. The earliest evidence for the practice of applying fragrance to the body dates back thousands of years. It was most popular during the ancient Middle East, Egypt, and India civilizations, as well as in the Roman Empire. The development of perfumery as an art began in the 19th century, with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin and coumarin that allowed perfumers to create odors that could not be obtained solely from natural aromatic sources. A combination of purified fats and flower oils produced through the enfleurage and maceration processes. A perfumer uses these as a starting point to develop a new composition. The initial impact of a fragrance on the sense of smell upon application to the skin, usually accentuated by adding a highly volatile chemical. The top note is the most important component in a perfume and the key to its initial sales appeal. Subtle characteristics that appear in the background of a fragrance, giving it depth. These notes are also referred to as heart notes, and they form the main character of the fragrance, providing an impression of warmth, cleanliness, or freshness. Natural scents will vary from supplier to supplier based on when and how the flowers are harvested, the extraction process, and other factors. These differences can cause a perfumer to prefer one flower over another, or a different extraction method to achieve a desired effect. Unscrupulous suppliers may even adulterate their raw materials by substituting or combining ingredients (such as adding Indian jasmine to Grasse jasmine) in order to increase the profits they make from selling the material. A compound that is added to a fragrance to make it last longer, reduce sillage (the spread of the scent) or to mask unwanted odors. These are often used as bases for a perfume and include ambergris, benzoin, cedar, musk, and vetivert. A combination of the heaviest and longest lasting raw materials that creates the backbone of a perfume. These are typically heavier and more intense than middle notes, and they can provide stability and tenacity to the overall fragrance. They can include woods, resins, and musks, such as ambergris and hedione.

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What Is Fashion and How Does It Affect Us?

Fashion is a concept of beauty and style that reflects one’s attitude and lifestyle. It is a social phenomenon and it has become a cult with today’s youngsters. However, they are forgetting the true essence of fashion which is not just limited to clothing, footwear and accessories. It is also about changing one’s inner self and thinking independently. There are many factors that cause a change in fashion, including social changes and financial influences. In addition, fashion is influenced by the media, such as magazines and television shows. For example, when celebrities wear new styles of clothes, it can affect the buying habits of the public. The clothing industry is one of the largest and most multifaceted industries in the world, and it is constantly evolving. The United States is home to the most prominent fashion houses, with a significant concentration in New York City and the Garment District. Other major fashion centers include Paris, London and Milan. A person’s taste in fashion is often a reflection of their cultural background, personal interests and personality. Fashions can also be influenced by social events and political climates. For instance, during the French Revolution in 1789, the styles of clothing changed dramatically. In modern times, fashion has been influenced by many different things, including music, movies and celebrities. People who follow the latest trends are called “fashionistas.” This trend has influenced many people worldwide, and it is reflected in their way of dressing. Although there are some advantages of being fashionable, it can also be detrimental to a person’s health. Moreover, being fashionable can have negative impacts on the environment and society. It is widely accepted that a person’s fashion tastes reflect the prevailing social conditions and economic forces. However, there is some evidence that suggests that a person’s taste in fashion can be determined by internal biological and neurological factors. This theory is known as the “fashion paradox.” The earliest documented example of continuous and accelerating change in clothing styles occurred in Europe during the late medieval period. This change was caused by a combination of factors, including a desire for more modest attire and changes in the availability of materials. Fashion is a cultural phenomenon that influences the design, manufacture and sale of garments and footwear. It has been an important part of human life since time immemorial. It has a direct influence on a person’s identity and personality, and it plays an important role in social interaction. Moreover, fashion can be a source of inspiration for the development of new clothing trends and ideas. These trends are usually dictated by a dominant culture, but they can also be influenced by other cultures. Fashion can also be defined as a type of art. However, some people do not consider fashion as a form of art because it is not considered functional.

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What is Perfume?

Perfume is a liquid mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents used to give the skin, clothing, food, objects and living spaces an agreeable scent. The word comes from the Latin per meaning through and fumum or smoke, which refers to its ancient use as a way of diffusing pleasant smells over large areas. Historically, perfume was also used to protect from disease and infection; seventeenth century physicians treated plague victims by covering them with scented powders. Traditionally, natural animal and plant oils have been the main source of perfume ingredients. However, these can be expensive and hard to find, because thousands of flowers and plants must be harvested in order to produce a small amount of oil. Moreover, many of the plant oils are endangered because of over-collection or indiscriminate cultivation. The production of natural perfumes can also be problematic for the environment because it requires considerable amounts of water, which may be contaminated with undesirable substances. Modern perfumes contain from tens to hundreds of ingredients. Among the most important are a variety of odour compounds extracted from flowers, plants, trees and berries, as well as synthetic aromatic chemicals. These can be grouped according to their structural type (alcohols, esters, aldehydes and terpenes). A typical perfume contains one or more top notes, which are the fresh, volatile odours that are perceived immediately; middle or body notes, which add depth and fullness and a specific aroma; and base or end notes, which provide a warm, solid, long-lasting fragrance. The odours of each group are generally divided into families, which are grouped by one or more identifiable dominant odour. For example, the floral family is characterized by the aromas of jasmine, rose, lily of the valley and gardenia, while the woody group includes the aromatic grass vetiver, or khuskhus, and sandalwood oils. Other animal secretions, such as castor oil (called castoreum) from beavers; musk from the sperm whale and civet cat; and ambergris from the intestines of a male deer, are often employed to increase the lasting qualities of perfumes by acting as fixatives which slow down the evaporation rate of the more volatile perfume ingredients. Other such fixatives include mosses, resins and coal tar. Interestingly, certain odours have earned the reputation of being therapeutic because they are believed to trigger specific mood and physiological consequences. For example, odours associated with freshness and cleanliness are thought to promote feelings of vigor and energy, while the scent of rose is believed to calm and relieve anxiety. This type of “aromatherapeutic” effect is thought to be a result of the associative learning of odours with particular emotions and experiences. Perfumes are widely used in a wide range of personal care products, such as soaps and talcums, facial creams and powders, shaving gels and antiperspirants. They are even added to some foods, such as cheeses and breads, to impart a specific flavour. Moreover, they are used in some industrial settings to mask unpleasant odours or to mark a specific product.

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Victoria Secret Is Trying to Re-Invent Itself

Whether it’s a sexy new swimsuit or a comfy sleep set, there’s no doubt that the lingerie brand victoria secret is on a mission to reinvent itself. But moving inventory and staying relevant in a shifting retail landscape aren’t the only challenges facing Victoria’s Secret, which has seen its sales plummet since it stopped airing its annual fashion show in 2018. The company is also trying to win back consumers who grew disillusioned with its exclusionary view of women’s bodies and sexuality, which became an especially sensitive topic after the #MeToo movement and the lingering questions around founder Leslie Wexner’s relationship with registered sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. Founded in 1977 by American businessman Roy Raymond, the brand rose to prominence through its catalogs that were sent to more than 200 million homes and dominated magazine pages. By the time Raymond sold the business to the Limited’s Leslie Wexner for $1 million in 1982, it had five stores and a 40-page catalog that grossed more than $500 million. In 1985, Victoria’s Secret hired Ed Razek as chief creative officer and tasked him with changing the image of the company. Under Razek’s direction, the lingerie company shifted its focus to female beauty standards and began to feature supermodel affiliates known as Angels in its promotional campaigns and televised fashion shows, which were held annually until they were halted in 2018 amid falling ratings. The models, including Heidi Klum and Adriana Lima, wore their famous wings and g-strings as they strutted down the runway and pole danced during the infamous event. The lingerie retailer is now in the midst of a major makeover, with new leadership that has ditched the Angels and launched new lines for bras for every size and body type. It’s also expanding the brand to include items that had been long neglected — nursing bras and mastectomy bras, for example — because they didn’t fit the male-driven definition of sexy. But it’s not clear that this will be enough to attract younger shoppers or re-engage disillusioned older ones, or to convince critics that Victoria’s Secret is truly committed to its image as a leader in inclusivity. And that’s not even counting the company’s struggles to keep its doors open amid a changing retail environment and an economic slowdown. For a closer look at what’s going on behind the scenes, we spoke to a former employee of the company and a branding expert who’s worked with the brand. They each shared their thoughts about how Victoria’s Secret can make its changes stick. The VS Credit Card doesn’t have an annual fee, so you can save money over time by paying off your balance. Plus, you’ll earn 3x rewards on every dollar spent at the store and online. Get more information and apply for the VS Credit Card here.

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The Best Women Perfume For Women

Whether you’re a fragrance fanatic or just starting to explore, the right scent can elevate even the most basic of ensembles. But with so many perfumes available, how do you know what’s best for you? Fortunately, there are a handful of perfumes for women that make it easy to find one that perfectly suits your personality and mood. Women perfume typically fall into one of four fragrance families: floral, fresh, woody and oriental. The flowery fragrance family is the most popular and versatile, ranging from the subtle smell of single flowers to full bouquets. Its light scent is perfect for day-to-day wear and pairs well with other perfume families. Floral perfumes for women can sometimes come off as a “grandma” fragrance, but Gucci Bloom takes a fresh twist on this genre with jasmine and Rangoon creeper (a fun South Indian plant that’s fragrantly similar to orchids). It’s the kind of fragrance you’ll want to keep in your bag for unexpected moments that call for a little extra something. A fresh and feminine perfume for women, CK One smells like a summer beach vacation. With notes of ruby red grapefruit, bergamot and spring mimosa, it’s the kind of scent that instantly puts you in a good mood. And its gleaming gold bottle makes it the perfect choice for a night out with friends. Yves Saint Laurent Libre is a perfume for the confident, independent woman who knows exactly what she wants and how to get it. Its scent is a mix of classic florals and fruity berries, with hints of musky amber and violet to give it an edge. This perfume for women is as timeless as it is modern, with a blend of musk and rose that’s sure to stand out from the crowd. Its clean, streamlined packaging is as chic on the vanity as it is in your purse. There are few perfumes as classic as Chanel No. 5, which embodies the effortless French glamour that has long been associated with this iconic brand. A reinterpretation of a vintage scent, it is delicate and floral without being overpowering and carries a sense of mystery that will never go out of style.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of chemical ingredients that gives scented cosmetics their smell. It is also found in many household products like laundry detergents, fabric softeners and air fresheners. Fragrances are made from fragrant oils derived from plants and spices or synthetic aromatic chemicals. Cosmetic fragrances applied to the skin to create a pleasant odour include perfume, cologne and aftershave. It is often used to enhance a person’s self-image and may be an important social signal to others. Although the word “fragrance” may https://tensymp2020.com/ sound natural, it is actually an industry term for a mixture of thousands of chemicals. Fragrance ingredients are not regulated by the FDA, instead the fragrance industry sets its own standards through a trade group called the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM). Fragrance chemicals can be harmful to human health as they contain hormone-disrupting compounds, cause allergic reactions in some people, and contribute to ozone pollution, according to research (1). Using scent to convey a message is a very old and powerful practice. It can be a way to signal that you are happy or sad, or to tell the world that you are sexy or shy. Scent can also make us feel calm and stimulate memory recall (2). The most common use of a fragrance is in perfume, which is a liquid mixture of fragrant essential oils or synthetic aromatic chemicals (3). Perfume is applied to the neck or wrists and may last for a few hours after application. Fragrance is also used in soaps, lotions, shampoos, deodorants and hair care products. Some household products containing fragrance, such as detergents, fabric softeners and deodorizers, are also used to scent homes and cars. Whether we realize it or not, the fragrances in our personal care and household products are full of chemicals that have been shown to disrupt hormones, lead to allergies and even cancer in some people (4). They are also bad for the environment (5). When the chemicals in these products break down, they form volatile organic compounds that contribute to ozone pollution and fine particulate matter in air pollution, according to studies (6). Most personal care and household products labeled as containing fragrance contain perfume, and they don’t require an FDA review before going on the market (7). Some fragrance ingredients, however, can be classified as drugs if they claim to treat a condition, such as easing muscle aches, and are then regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (8). Compared to synthetic fragrances, pure essential oil perfume is much more natural and free of the hormone-disrupting and allergenic chemicals (9). There are several ways to extract a fragrance from plant material (10). The most common method is distillation, in which the material is heated to high temperatures to release the desired oils. Other methods, including expression and maceration, can be used for more delicate materials or more difficult-to-extract oils. Enfleurage is a technique that involves soaking the material in solvents that act as a carrier for essential oils, but this method is no longer used commercially (11,12). These methods are also costly and time-consuming (12,13). The raw materials may then be blended with chemicals to achieve a particular scent (11). The chemicals in perfume can have a wide variety of effects on the body, including allergic reactions, sensitization and cognitive effects (16). Fragrance is a very powerful product.

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The Impact of Fashion on Society

Fashion is a societal phenomenon – it is the way in which people choose to dress. It is considered an art form and a cultural expression that is constantly evolving. It is widely thought that fashion trends reflect societal changes and are often influenced by the financial interests of designers and manufacturers. However, there is also evidence that fashion reflects internal taste mechanisms and is a reflection of personal identity. Fashion can be considered a mirror of society, reflecting its values and beliefs. A garment can have a powerful impact on the social climate, changing ideas about gender and sexuality. Throughout history, clothing has been used as an instrument of protest and activism. Fashion can inspire solidarity and support for important issues, and encourage individuals to be agents of change in their communities. In modern times, fashion has become a global industry. The business of fashion involves designing, manufacturing and selling clothes and accessories. It employs millions of people all over the world, and it has a significant economic impact. It is also a major source of inspiration and creativity. Before the Industrial Revolution, fashion was a time-consuming, labor intensive endeavor. Clothes were hand made and woven from natural materials like wool and leather. In the 1800s, new technology introduced a new fashion trend – the sewing machine. This invention allowed for the mass production of clothing, which could be sold at lower prices to the middle classes. In the 21st century, fashion is a multi-billion dollar industry and it is changing at an ever-faster pace. Many people who follow fashion do so consciously, seeking to imitate the style of their favorite celebrities. Others do so unconsciously, responding to the advertising and promotion of certain styles. Fashion is a complex issue and it affects the lives of all types of people in different ways. Some people believe that the rapid rate of change in fashion is harmful and encourages waste, while others enjoy the diversity that the ever-changing trends provide. One of the most influential figures in fashion in the 20th century was British designer Vivienne Westwood. Her brand of punk-inspired clothing was a reaction to the bland, conformist styles that were popular at the time. Her use of ripped T-shirts and plaid was a statement against the status quo. Vivienne Westwood’s rebellious style has inspired other artists and designers to break with tradition and challenge the conventions of mainstream fashion. She is considered a fashion icon and a pioneer of the counterculture movement. She continues to design for her own label and is a well-known face on the fashion runway. In addition to being a designer, she has been a model, actress and activist. She has been involved in campaigns to promote human rights, equality and anti-war activities. She is an inspiration to many young women worldwide.

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What Is Perfume?

Perfume is a mixture of a solvent, alcohol and essential oils that are blended with one another to create a specific scent. Most perfumes are formulated with a top, middle and base note. Each note has a different effect on the senses, and the combination of all the notes make up the final perfume. People usually choose perfumes based on the ingredients and scent notes, designer brand and price. Other factors that influence the selection of a perfume include the occasion, mood and body chemistry. Scents are a powerful and often invisible part of our personal identities. They can remind us of past events, trigger memories and evoke emotions. They can also change the way others perceive us. For this reason, choosing the right perfume is important. The right perfume can enhance a person’s appearance and may even affect how others treat them. The perfume industry has developed a system to classify fragrances according to their concentration of perfume oil. This allows the consumer to compare similar products and decide which ones will best suit his or her needs. Various safety laws in place regulate the use of perfumes and some have banned certain ingredients. However, this does not apply to all perfumes. The majority of the perfumes on the market are alcohol-based and contain a number of chemicals, some of which can cause skin irritation. Historically, perfumes were intended to emulate nature’s pleasant aromas. Natural oils were extracted, pressed, steamed and burned to scent the air. The word “perfume” derives from the Latin words per meaning through and fumun, which means smoke. Modern perfumes are more sophisticated, but the basic idea remains the same. The scent of a flower is captured and reproduced by combining several chemicals. These chemicals are often harsh and can irritate the skin. They are also expensive and difficult to maintain for a long period of time. Perfume makers must balance the need for a consistent smell with the need to avoid causing reactions in those who wear the perfume. In the Renaissance and through most of the eighteenth century, wearing and scenting oneself were ungendered activities and men and women wore the same types of perfume. In the mid-nineteenth century, with the rise of germ theory and the perception that odors carried disease, perfume wearing took on a new conservative image and scents became characterized as gendered. Sweet floral blends were deemed feminine and woody, pine and cedar scents were categorized as masculine. Despite this shift in attitude, the perfume business has continued to thrive. Perfumes are now designed to be more discreet and subtle. Nevertheless, some perfumes still carry connotations of unprofessional behavior and sexual innuendo. In fact, some perfumes are deliberately designed to elicit these reactions from those who wear them. The context in which a perfume is used is a major determinant of its connotations and denotations (Herz and von Clef 2001).

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The Victoria’s Secret Reboot

Victoria’s Secret is an American specialty lingerie, clothing and beauty retailer, famous for racy marketing including a catalogue featuring supermodels dubbed “Angels” and an annual fashion show. Its stores, meanwhile, feature displays evoking Victorian boudoirs. But the company has stumbled in recent years, with same-store sales declining and newer, more overtly inclusive lingerie companies like ThirdLove and Rihanna’s Savage X Fenty stealing market share. In the fall of 2018, the Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show aired its last episode, drawing an estimated 1 billion viewers worldwide, but the show’s success had blinded the brand to changing cultural attitudes and upstart competitors that were building inclusivity into their business models from the ground up. The show’s reliance on an impossibly narrow conception of beauty—all razzle-dazzle push-up bras, highly exercised abs and angel wings—was starting to look outmoded, and the company started losing customers to more inclusive alternatives like Lane Bryant and Aerie. But the real turning point came in 2020, when Les Wexner stepped down as chairman and CEO of parent company L Brands and sold his majority stake in the lingerie company. In the wake of sexual misconduct allegations against Wexner’s longtime friend and financial adviser, Ed Razek, the company underwent a full rebrand, dropping the iconic Fashion Show and replacing the Angels with the more inclusive VS Collective, led by models like Megan Rapinoe and Priyanka Chopra Jonas. Tyrnauer’s series also shines a spotlight on Victoria’s Secret’s internal culture, which is still dominated by men. One former executive, Sharleen Ernest, alleges that the company’s leadership was known to shut down any attempts to move away from the bombshell, unattainable image of the Angels and into more nuanced categories of sexiness. She says the leadership team, particularly the chairman and chief executive officer, “had an impenetrable wall of male power” that prevented any changes from being made. Since its reboot, Victoria’s Secret has taken steps to broaden its appeal, expanding its size range to include plus sizes and offering more bra styles for a broader array of breast shapes; introducing maternity bras and mastectomy bras, for example. But it’s not clear whether these efforts will be enough to revive the company, especially in the face of growing competition from more overtly inclusive rivals that are better at communicating their message and making women feel good about themselves.

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The Best Women Perfume For Women

As one of the simplest daily self-care rituals, choosing the right perfume for women can have a major impact on your mood and how people perceive you. That’s why it’s worth putting thought into your signature scent, which should be an expression of who you are in ways that’re unique and memorable to others. The best perfumes for women don’t only smell great but also speak to a specific moment or memory in your life. Whether that’s a callback to classic literature, the preservation of artisanal techniques, or a poetic ode to natural phenomena, they offer something elevated that’ll set you apart from everyone else in the room. While you’re shopping for a new fragrance, you should keep in mind the four main fragrance families: floral, fresh, woody, and oriental. These groups can be useful when pairing perfumes together, or deciding which fragrance concentration (eau de parfum, eau de toilette) is right for you. Floral perfumes are the most popular type of women’s fragrance. These scents range from single flower notes to fragrant bouquets, and often pair well with woody, musk, or oriental aromas. Whether you’re looking to channel a summer getaway or evoke a feeling of confidence and self-assurance, there’s a perfume for every occasion. Ahead, we’ve rounded up some of the most iconic and versatile women perfumes for you to consider as your next signature scent. With kittenish top notes of peony succumbing to a flutter of rose and bright magnolia, Chloe perfumes a sense of femininity that’s delicate yet alluring. It’s the perfect perfume for your daily rotation and will easily take you from ladies’ lunches to an afternoon at the galleries. A perfume for the woman who knows exactly what she wants and how to get it. With its youthful blend of zingy grapefruit, violet petals, and jasmine, Daisy is the fragrance for the woman who has her swag on. Release your inner boho-chic with this free-spirited perfume from Dolce & Gabbana. With notes of mandora—a Mediterranean fruit—and bergamot, this perfume is as energizing as your day-dreaming beach vacation and will keep you going all day long. A throwback to the early ’80s, this perfume is perfect for the confident and classic woman who knows how to dress with style. Featuring notes of jasmine and Rangoon creeper—a fun south Indian plant—this full-on floral fragrance isn’t a grandma’s perfume. Instead, it’s the feminine and flirty scent that reminds you of the lingering smell of sun-kissed skin as the sun fades into the sea.

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Top 5 Must-Have Women Perfume

When it comes to beauty products, perfume is one of the most beloved scents, and a well-stocked collection is a must for any discerning lady. But with so many fragrances out there, it can be hard to know which one will work for you. Fortunately, there are a few scent families and descriptors (like floral, fruity, citrus or oriental) that can help narrow down your options. Plus, there’s nothing wrong with a classic that never goes out of style, like Chanel No. 5 or Frederic Malle’s Portrait of a Lady. But if you’re looking for something a little bit more contemporary, we’ve got a few must-try women perfume that will elevate your signature smell. There’s nothing quite like a fresh floral to infuse your personality with a touch of whimsy. This perfume for women from luxury fragrance brand Jo Malone is a great option if you typically find florals too heavy or cloying, with notes of green basil and neroli that balance the softness of jasmine. The result is a clean, uncluttered scent that will look as stylish on your vanity as it will on your skin. Rose fragrances for women are a classic choice because of their soothing properties and evocative scents. This scent from Mercedes-Benz is an ode to youthful spontaneity, with fruity zests of blackcurrant leaves and grapefruit alongside a floral bouquet of gardenia, pear, and orange flower, balanced by white musks and sensual amber and sandalwood. A sweet, flirty fragrance that evokes the innocent memories of your first love, Kilian’s Love, Don’t Be Shy is a perfume for women who want to embody a sense of innocence and childhood innocence. Its opening blend of ruby red grapefruit, bergamot, spring mimosa, and Hawaiian wedding flower is reminiscent of your first kiss. This fragrance is also a good pick for younger ladies who are just starting out on their perfume journey because it’s free of parabens and phthalates, making it more gentle on sensitive skin. Designed to evoke the scent of a beautiful library, this perfume for women by Tom Ford is a sexy and sophisticated scent that’ll transport you back to your favorite reading spot. The blend of rich black cherry, bitter bergamot, and fragrant Turkish rose and Arabian jasmine creates an enchanting and seductive blend that’s sure to inspire romance. Plus, the gleaming glass bottle is a gorgeous addition to any vanity. Another rose fragrance with an added dose of sexiness is Daisy by Marc Jacobs, which is described as “a daisy is a friendly flower, not precious or exotic, but it embodies a spirit in a lot of women.” This perfume for women features sprightly hints of peony and lychee to complement the heady scents of magnolia and lily of the valley. It also has a delicate base of sandalwood and elegant cedarwood that will add a hint of warmth to your signature fragrance. Whether you’re searching for a feminine rose scent or a sophisticated fragrance that will exude power and confidence, these perfumes for women are the perfect fit. The best part is, they double as stellar gifts for the women in your life!

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of aromatic materials that produce a distinctive scent. It can be natural or synthetic and used in a variety of cosmetic products like perfume, cologne and aftershave. Fragrance ingredients can also be found in cleaning products, body lotions and hair care items. A growing amount of research suggests that the scent of perfume can benefit a person’s health and mood. Perfume may increase self-esteem and confidence by improving one’s perceived attractiveness. It can also reduce stress and anxiety. Fragrance may be helpful to people with depression and chronic pain by activating opioid pathways in the brain. Fragrances are composed of three main notes: top, middle and base. A perfume’s top note has a light, tangy and refreshing scent. It can be derived from citrus fruits or light herbs. The middle note has a deeper and more sensuous fragrance. The base note has a more musky and woody effect. Perfumers combine the raw materials to find the proper balance and effect that they desire when creating a fragrance. [2] The International Fragrance Association and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials are two organizations that support manufacturers and researchers on fragrance and perfume safety. They have established standards that are the basis for the fragrance industry’s system for achieving safe use and enjoyment. Manufacturers are legally responsible for ensuring that their products do not contain any ingredients that could cause harm to the consumer. The FDA requires that all cosmetic products be tested for safety, however fragrances are not required to undergo premarket testing before being sold to the public. Generally, a perfume is made from a natural product such as a flower (jasmine or rose) or a plant (lemon or lavender). The essential oil can be extracted by steam distillation or enfleurage. The oil is then diluted with a solvent such as ethanol or another neutral-smelling substance to form a perfume spray. Alternatively, the oil can be dissolved in other liquids such as jojoba or almond oils to make a solid perfume or a perfume containing a lower concentration of aromatic chemicals. [3] The odors of the components that make up a perfume are combined by a perfumer to create a balanced, unified and harmonious olfactory impression. The perfumer may also add other compounds to a basic composition to create different effects and emotions. [4] A perfume can be marketed for men or women and can be labeled as ‘pouf’ or ‘perfume’. Some perfumes are referred to as being unisex and may be labeled as ‘pour homme’ or ‘pouf femme’. Perfumes are often marketed by color as well as by scent. The color of a perfume can convey an impression of its mood or ambiance and is influenced by the chemical composition. For example, a green perfume might be a fresh or uplifting scent while a dark amber scent may represent elegance and sophistication. Perfumes are typically scented with natural oils but are also available with synthetic aroma chemicals.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a broad term that can mean different things to different people. It can be the latest trends, a certain style of dress, or even a specific way of speaking. It can also be a fad or craze that sweeps through a society, like the popularity of a certain music genre or a particular hairstyle. Fashion can also be a particular way of expressing one’s individuality and creativity through clothing. In the past, fashions have varied by social class, age, generation, occupation and geographical location. For example, some cultures have used fashion as a form of self-expression, while others have used it to demonstrate wealth and status. Today, fashion is a global phenomenon. It is influenced by many factors, including the economy, social and political changes, and new technologies. The evolution of fashion has been accelerated by the rise of mass media, which spreads awareness of new styles quickly and widely. For example, magazines, television shows, websites, and social media platforms (such as Instagram, TikTok, and Twitter) all play an important role in influencing fashion trends. In addition, fashion shows and celebrity endorsements can also be significant influences on the public’s perception of current trends. Although fashion is often associated with changing trends, it can also refer to a uniform style or the same styles that have been followed for a long time. Therefore, the word ‘fashion’ can sometimes imply a general uniformity or sameness, as in the case of the phrase “fashionably late”. Some people follow fashions uncritically and without consideration for the impact of their actions on others, for example, if an older person dresses according to the fashion of younger persons they may look silly. Other people deliberately try to stand out from the crowd, for example by wearing clothes that are loud and garish. People also use fashion to express their emotions or sentiments, for example, by wearing mourning jewellery following the death of a loved one. Others use it to show their support for a cause, such as by wearing a T-shirt bearing the logo of a sports team. Developing a sense of style is a process that requires practice and experimentation. The best place to start is by observing other people. Use your everyday environment as your lab: sit in a cafe and watch the world go by, or visit a shopping centre and see how people are dressing. Be sure to include shoes, bags and hats in your observations as they are the finishing touches that can make or break an outfit. Adding these elements is the best way to give your personal style that unique touch. Once you have a basic understanding of what is in style now, it’s time to experiment! Start by trying out some styles, colours and silhouettes that are outside of your comfort zone. Take a notepad with you and either mentally or physically make notes about what you like and don’t like. Keep this up and you’ll soon begin to see a pattern.

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How Perfume Is Made

Many people wear perfume to enhance their natural scent. They may also use it to create a specific smell that they associate with an event or memory. Perfume is often made with a combination of different essential oils or extracts, along with solvents and other chemicals. These ingredients are diluted in alcohol or other solvents such as denatured alcohol, which helps the scent last longer. Perfume can be categorized as floral, oriental, woody, fruity or fresh. A perfume that is predominantly floral would contain a mix of flowers, herbs and spices such as rose, jasmine or lavender. A fragrance that is predominantly oriental would contain more exotic scents from spices and herbs such as frankincense, myrrh or patchouli. The fresh category of perfume is the youngest and has a clean, aquatic or ocean-like smell that is usually created with synthetic substances such as calone, which was discovered in 1966. People have used fragrances for thousands of years to mask body odor and to enhance their mood. During this time, various civilizations experimented with the extraction of aromatic oils. One of the earliest methods used was enfleurage, which involves placing a flower or other natural substance in an oil base to extract the scent. The technique was popular in the 17th century, when France and Italy became major centers of the perfume industry. The 9th-century Persian chemist Ibn Sina invented the distillation process, which allowed for a greater variety of essential oils to be extracted from natural sources such as flowers and spices. Other natural materials such as animal secretions, mosses, tree resins and coal tars are also used in perfumes to add texture or to support the scent. These natural products act as fixatives, which prevent the more volatile perfume ingredients from evaporating too quickly. Some of the most common animal secretions that are used as fixatives include ambergris from sperm whales, castor oil (also known as castoreum) from beavers, musk from musk deer and civet from a civet cat. The final product is a complex blend of ingredients that includes several hundred chemicals. The most important elements are the top notes, which are the light, volatile odors that are noticed immediately after application; the middle or heart notes, which provide full character and body; and the base note, which is the long-lasting aroma that is reminiscent of the person who wears the perfume. To achieve a balanced, harmonious scent accord, the ingredients are mixed carefully with the knowledge of how each odor will be affected by the evaporation process. Perfumes are often described in a musical metaphor, with the initial impression provided by the top notes leading into the middle and then the base. In addition to the perfume ingredients themselves, blending agents are used to smooth out transitions between the different “layers” of the scent. These blending agents can be as simple as an oil or alcohol, and they can also be a primary scent ingredient such as linalool or hydroxycitronellal.

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Get First Access to Victoria’s Secret’s Semi-Annual Sale

The VS semi-annual sale is the best time to stock up on your favorite lingerie, loungewear and beauty staples. The retailer drops prices up to 70% off regular price and discounts clearance items even more. You can save big on everything from a new bra to a silk sleep set. However, the best deals are limited and it’s important to shop early because things sell out quickly. If you’re a VIP member, you can score first access to the sale. The retailer was founded in 1977 by Roy Raymond, who had grown frustrated by the lack of sexy undergarments available for women at department stores. He started with a catalog and five stores and the brand grew rapidly, expanding into a multi-billion-dollar empire that has since become one of the world’s biggest lingerie companies. During the early 1990s, Victoria’s Secret began to hire top models like Stephanie Seymour, Karen Mulder and Yasmeen Ghauri to star in its televised ads and fashion shows. These supermodels lent an air of glamour and sexuality to the company that appealed to young, female shoppers. The new image was a departure from the refined image that had helped the company gain its initial success, with stores modeled after Victorian boudoirs. But as the culture around them changed, the company became a target of sexual harassment and assault claims. Its leaders reportedly created an environment in which sexual misconduct thrived. Former executive Sharleen Ernest alleged that she was “repeatedly abused” while working at the company and described an unquenchable thirst for power and money as the motivation behind a series of decisions by management that led to her departure in 2016. In the wake of #MeToo, Victoria’s Secret has begun to make changes in how it operates. The retailer has moved to include more plus-size models in its advertising and is working on making its products available in a wider range of sizes in stores and online. It has also rolled back on the amount of retouching it does to its models. Retail analyst Jessica Ramirez says the company is taking steps in the right direction, but it’s too early to say whether they will be successful. The company has also dropped the infamous fashion show and replaced the Angels with a group of trailblazing women that include lesbian soccer player Megan Rapinoe, trans activist Paloma Elsesser and trans model Valentina Sampaio. The company has reimagined its annual fashion event with a more inclusive feel and plans to expand its “VS Collective” globally. While the Victoria’s Secret empire continues to grow, it faces competition from a variety of retailers, from small boutiques to large department stores. The retailer’s primary competitors are Frederick’s of Hollywood, Maidenform and Sara Lee. It also competes with a host of up-and-coming lingerie brands, including third-party e-commerce and catalog companies such as Adore Me and Lively.

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How to Choose the Right Women Perfume

With perfumers churning out new scents on an almost daily basis, it’s easy to get overwhelmed by choice. But knowing what to look out for and how to choose the right women perfume can help you find a fragrance that’s unique and perfect for you. Scents can have a powerful effect on how we feel, especially when worn as perfume for women. Whether it’s the aroma of a bouquet of roses, the sweet tang of blackcurrant or the earthy notes of patchouli, a spritz of your favorite scent can make you feel more confident and positive. Fragrance is also a great mood booster and is able to evoke memories of people, places or times. This is why many women often associate their perfume with their mother’s signature smell or a holiday destination that they loved. When choosing a perfume for women, it’s important to find the right balance between fresh and floral or fruity and oriental scents. This way you’ll create a unique fragrance that will stand out and leave a lasting impression on those around you. It’s also important to remember that perfume doesn’t have any health benefits, but it can create a sense of confidence and positivity which may help boost your self-esteem and lower stress levels. If you’re looking for a perfume for women that is light and airy, check out Thierry Mugler’s Angel. This iconic fragrance has 28 blissfully fragrant notes that are sure to delight the senses. This Thierry Mugler perfume is full of sweetness and femininity with top notes of cotton candy and juicy citrus, a heart of jasmine sambac and orange blossom, and a base of iris, tonka bean, and patchouli. Another light and fresh option is Yves Saint Laurent’s Beautiful, which features a delicate bouquet of rose and lily, softened with ylang ylang and Damascus rose. It’s a classic perfume that never goes out of style, and it also has a pleasant musk smell that isn’t overpowering. For those who want a more intense and floral scent, try Lancome’s La Vie est Belle. It’s the perfect girly perfume for young ladies with a love of pink, floral, and feminine scents. Its feminine bottle and delicate gauze accents add to the sweet, flirty aroma of iris, rose sambac, and orange blossom on a base of blackcurrant and a touch of tonka. Another classic is Chanel’s Coco Mademoiselle, which is both floral and a little bit woody, with a blend of bergamot, muguet blossoms, and musk. With over 1,000 5-star reviews on Sephora’s website, this perfume is a timeless classic that will surely leave you feeling confident and beautiful.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a pleasant-smelling liquid which people put on their skin to make themselves smell nice. It is a class of cosmetics which also includes hair care products and some soaps. Fragrance can be made with a variety of natural and synthetic materials. Many perfumes and colognes are formulated from fragrance bases which are modular perfume ingredients that a perfumer can build upon with their own unique combinations of fragrance oils and aromatic chemicals. A basic perfume can contain 30 to 50 different chemicals. A material used to retard the volatilization of a fragrance so that it remains on the skin for an acceptable length of time. These materials are typically derived from natural sources, such as resins or tree sap, but are also frequently produced by chemical synthesis. Fragrance fixatives are usually designed to have a neutral odor so that they do not interfere with the other components of a perfume. An aroma that is reminiscent of fresh cut grass or the tanginess of an apple. These nuances are very important to a perfumer and are often added as top notes in a fragrance. The top notes are the first part of a perfume to be noticed and give it its personality. The heart of a perfume contains middle note accords which are more complex than those found in the top and base notes. These are typically floral in nature, but can be herbal, fruity or even woody. The most popular family of fragrances is the floral bouquet, which includes the most well-known flowers such as jasmine, rose, ylang ylang and tuberose. A rich and deep fragrance material that is considered to be the foundation of a perfume. These materials are often referred to as base notes and are typically a combination of woody, musky and powdery fragrance compounds. Some examples include tobacco, amber and musk. Fragrances that evoke memories of specific places or situations. Those memories are generally associated with happy or positive emotions. These perfumes are referred to as evocative and can be very powerful for some people. The term fragnance can also be applied to the natural scents of some animals and plants. These natural fragrances may trigger a response in other members of the same species, for example, sexual attraction. The fragrances of some flowers are also thought to have a libido-enhancing effect. A perfumer can create a perfume by blending together the individual fragrance materials in the order which best reflects their nuances. The perfumer then tests the composition on strips of odorless white blotting paper to see how it responds to the various body olfactories. The perfumer then fine tunes the perfume to the client’s preferences and specifications. Fragrance is a very versatile ingredient that is added to a wide range of consumer products from shampoos and body lotions to soaps and deodorants. It can even be added to laundry detergents and fabric softeners to help make clothes and rooms smell good. Fragrance is regulated by the International Fragrance Association and the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials to ensure that the fragrance ingredients are safe to use.

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The Importance of Fashion

Fashion is a way of life, and it includes the whole range of lifestyle choices that make you who you are. It encompasses everything from clothing and hairstyle to even the art you create. The way you dress and the things that you choose to do will often reflect your style, whether it is a particular type of music, a specific time period, or even the way you speak. Fashion is something that changes from one moment to the next, but it always has a hold on society. It is so influential that entire magazines are dedicated to it, TV shows devote hours of transmission time to it, and people discuss it constantly. While it is easy to see why fashion is so important, the concept is much more complex than it might seem on the surface. In fact, fashion is a social phenomenon that needs dissemination and followers to be considered fashionable. This can happen from a top-down approach, like the fashion elite creating a look and then sharing it with everyone else, or it can be a bottom-up process, whereby people follow the trends of others or even just copy them directly. In order to write a good fashion article, you will need to understand the meaning of fashion in society. There are a number of ways to do this, including attending some fashion shows. This will allow you to experience the latest trends and styles firsthand and learn how to incorporate them into your own style. Ultimately, the goal is to find a unique way to express your personality through fashion. One of the most common ways to start a new fashion trend is by following celebrity styles. This is usually done by young people and can be seen in the clothes they wear and the hairstyles they choose to have. It can also be seen in the different types of accessories that are worn, such as scarves, hats, and jewelry. Other popular trends are those that are inspired by current events or movies. This is especially true for holiday-themed styles, such as Christmas or Valentine’s Day. In addition, some styles are influenced by the changing seasons. For example, when winter arrives, it is typical to see many women wearing long coats and oversized sweaters. On the other hand, when spring arrives, these same women may be seen in short dresses and strappy sandals. The most difficult aspect of fashion is trying to keep up with the latest trends. This can be a challenge for people who do not have a lot of money, as the high cost of designer clothing can put them out of the market. Luckily, fast-fashion retailers have made it possible for most people to dress like their favorite celebrities and models without breaking the bank. These stores often take the looks that are on the runway or in celebrity media and reproduce them quickly and inexpensively. This has caused a huge boom in the fashion industry.

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What Is Perfume?

Perfume is a mixture of aromatic oils, extracts, fixatives and solvents in liquid form used to give people, animals, objects and living spaces an agreeable aroma. It has been used throughout history to enhance or mask unpleasant body odors, as well as for enjoyment and glamour. It can be worn on the skin, hair, clothes, furniture and in cars and other vehicles. It is a personal choice that many people enjoy and can be as simple or complex as desired. Perfumes are generally thought to be derived from plant substances, although synthetic ingredients also exist. Early civilizations extracted perfume oils using a variety of methods, including distillation. This is the most common method of perfume making today. It involves heating the plant material to release the fragrance, then collecting the fragrant steam in a container. This process can be repeated several times until a high enough concentration of oil is achieved. Some plants, such as linalool or hydroxycitronellal, are naturally fragrant and are used as bases for the perfumes. The scents of flowers and trees are the most common raw materials used to make perfume. Rose, jasmine, narcissus, tuberose and scented geranium are some of the most commonly used flower scents. Blossoms of citrus and ylang-ylang trees are also popular. In addition, the oils from leaves and stems are often used in perfumery. Some flowers need to be treated with a solvent in order to produce their oils. This process is known as enfleurage. In the seventeenth century, the art of perfumery enjoyed a great deal of success in Europe, especially in Italy, where the personal perfumer to the Empress Catherine de’ Medici (Renato il fiorentino) had a laboratory connected to her apartments so that she could smell his creations as soon as he finished with them. Perfumes were also used by plague victims in order to hide unpleasant odors. Once the perfume oils have been obtained, they are blended according to a formula created by the master perfumer. A fragrance may contain hundreds of different ingredients, most of them organic. Some ingredients are animal-based, such as musk from the gland of a male deer or ambergris from the stomach of a Sperm whale. These are used as fixatives to slow the evaporation of the perfume and extend its life. Other perfume chemicals include aldehydes, phthalates, phenyl acetates and toluenes. Some of these chemicals are potentially carcinogenic and are banned in countries such as Japan, the United Kingdom, France and the European Union. Perfumes are classified into five main groups, based on their general characteristics and referred to by the classic terms Floral, Oriental, Woody, Fresh and Aromatic Fougere. Modern perfumers sometimes subdivide the basic categories into subgroups. For example, a perfume that is described as being an Aldehydic Floral is placed within the group of Soft Floral, while Guerlain Mitsouko falls under the category of Floral Oriental. This classification system makes it easier for consumers to select a perfume that is likely to appeal to them.

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Victoria’s Secret Fights Back Against Sexual Misconduct Allegations

The lingerie, apparel and beauty retailer is known for its racy advertising, including a catalog featuring sexy models and a show that has aired on network television for decades. But the company has been in trouble since 2016, when its leaders failed to keep pace with shifting consumer attitudes and sexual misconduct allegations involving top executives. It is now struggling to regain the loyalty of consumers, even as more overtly inclusive lingerie brands such as ThirdLove and Rihanna’s Savage X Fenty have eaten into its market share. Founded in 1977, Victoria’s Secret is an American specialty lingerie and apparel company that is famous for its sexy marketing and branding. Founder Ron Raymond named the brand after Queen Victoria, for an association with the refinement of the Victorian era, but the company soon grew beyond its niche as a place to buy bras and panties to be worn under clothes. The brand expanded rapidly in the early 1980s and by the 1990s was selling billions of dollars in sexy merchandise through its catalog and stores that evoked Victorian boudoirs. In 1982, retail billionaire Leslie Wexner bought the company and transformed it into a cultural phenomenon by adding a fashion show that became a spectacle that rivaled the Super Bowl, showcasing its “Angels” — supermodels such as Heidi Klum and Tyra Banks wearing lingerie with wings and g-strings. Over the years, Victoria’s Secret has enlisted A-list celebrities to perform at the fashion shows while its models strut their stuff, with musical acts like The Weeknd, Selena Gomez, Priyanka Chopra Jonas and more taking the stage. The company also began to introduce a line of underwear in sizes other than L, and launched its PINK brand to cater to younger women. But despite these successes, Victoria’s Secret is still plagued by criticism that it promotes a negative image of women and overcharges for its products. In a recent poll, a division of Bank of America found that 23% of women said they liked the brand less than they did before the coronavirus pandemic, and that 64% had no change in their opinion. In the last few months, the company has begun to try to reclaim its lost market share by promoting the new Love Cloud bras, which come in six different silhouettes and a variety of colors and prints. It has also shifted its advertising strategy to emphasize feminine strength and empowerment, with more ads showing women in suits and dresses instead of in swimwear. Whether it can turn around its public perception will be crucial for the company, which has been hemorrhaging money and stock for the past several years. It is also trying to expand its product offerings with the acquisition of size-inclusive lingerie start-up Adore Me and a partnership with Frankies Bikinis to provide more swimwear options. But it will have to overcome its image problems and a lingering sense of mistrust in the wake of the #MeToo movement to win back consumers.

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The Best Women Perfumes For Women

A good perfume is one of life’s simplest pleasures, a luxurious addition to your beauty routine that makes your whole look come together. Fragrance is also one of the oldest beauty products, dating back to ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, when a simple concoction of flowers and oil was first created. But the fragrance options out there are endless, from classic florals and reinterpretations of old favorites to heady orientals and woody scents. And, like skincare and makeup, it’s a product that’s worth investing in and taking the time to find your perfect match. If you’re not sure where to start, expert perfumer Kalliope Amorphous suggests uncomplicating the process by asking yourself whether you tend to favor light and fresh smells or more intense and dense aromas. Then, she says, try a few fragrances that contain those notes to see how they linger on your skin. Once you’ve determined what you’re drawn to, she says, it’s time to consider base notes, which are the heaviest fragrance components and include a combination of oils, resins, vanillas, ambers, and musks. Whether you’re looking for a perfume to embody your feminine strength or just want a light and airy scent that’s pretty and easy to wear, these top women perfumes will leave you feeling heavenly. From the iconic Chanel No. 5 to a modern interpretation of Old Hollywood glamour, these 46 best perfumes for women will make you feel as gorgeous as the bottle it comes in. For the woman who is unashamedly girly, this heavenly-smelling perfume from Marc Jacobs is the spritz you need. A blend of succulent wild strawberry and zingy grapefruit teases the nose, while white violets and jasmine petals add a softness to the perfume that’s irresistibly feminine. This unisex Le Labo scent is one of the most popular perfumes for women, and it’s no wonder why. It’s the ultimate sultry perfume, with an evocative mix of dark amber and musk that makes you feel both sensual and mysterious. It’s the kind of fragrance that would be perfect to bring on a romantic date, especially when you want to impress. If you’re a fan of Thierry Mugler’s iconic Angel, this more intense version is sure to please. A heady blend of white flower petals and lily of the valley, it’s the perfect fragrance to wear to a dinner party or other event where you want to make an impression. The light and fresh scent of a fresh bouquet will never go out of style, which is why Philosophy’s Amazing Grace perfume remains a best seller. The combination of bergamot, muguet blossoms and musk leaves you with an elegant and feminine scent that won’t overwhelm.

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What is Fragrance?

Fragrance is a combination of chemicals that give perfumes and colognes their distinct scents. Fragrance chemicals are derived either from natural raw materials or synthetically. Companies that manufacture perfumes and colognes purchase mixtures of fragrance chemicals from perfume houses to develop their own unique perfumes and colognes. The mixtures contain not only fragrant ingredients, but also diluents (solvents that carry the perfume oil through the skin), stabilizers, emulsifiers, preservatives and colorants. The term fragrance is most often used to describe things that smell nice, such as flowers or perfumes. It is not generally used to refer to smells that are unpleasant or acrid, although it may be used ironically. Fragrances are generally categorized as top, middle and base notes. Each note contributes to different perceptions and is designed carefully with knowledge of evaporation times and the way that perfumes change over time. The middle and base notes are responsible for the overall chemistry of the perfume, and the top note is responsible for the initial scent that people detect. Many perfumes and colognes are formulated from a single fragrance concept, such as “fresh cut grass” or “juicy sour apple.” The fragrance bases that make up these products are modular and can be arranged in different ways. For example, Guerlain’s Aqua Allegoria line of perfumes uses simple fragrance concepts to construct the perfumes. Unlike most fragranced products, perfumes and colognes do not linger on the skin after being applied. They evaporate into the air, where they can be inhaled and trigger emotions and memories. Because these molecules evaporate, the majority of the fragrance is not absorbed through the skin, and the few that do are diluted by sweat and other oils on the body. Besides fragrance chemicals, most perfumes and colognes also contain various solvents, emulsifiers, diluents, stabilizers and emulsifiers that help the product to mix with your body’s oils. They may also contain a variety of dyes and preservatives. Some of these chemical components are associated with serious health problems, including cancer, reproductive toxicity and allergic reactions. Natural scents (essential oils, tinctures and absolutes) have the disadvantage of smelling different between suppliers because of differences in the growing methods, harvesting techniques, and extraction methods used. For example, a flower grown in Morocco and one grown in France will have a different aroma because of the environment and the plant’s natural composition. The actual perfume oil concentration of a fragrance will also vary, and a perfume with the same name may use different perfume oil mixtures for its EdP, EdT, and the now-discontinued EdC concentrations. Synthetic aromatics, on the other hand, have a more consistent and even smell from batch to batch because of the precise chemical formulation and synthesis methods. In addition, these aromatics are usually cheaper than naturals and offer the advantage of more predictable odor levels. The use of these chemicals is increasingly controversial, as their production involves the use of toxic chemicals and heavy metals. The Environmental Working Group, a consumer non-profit group, states that there is an increasing need for stronger regulations and more research on fragrance chemicals and their links to allergies, sensitivities, and serious health problems.

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What Is Fashion?

Fashion is a term that describes the prevailing style of dress. This style may vary considerably within a society according to social class, generation, occupation, geography, or even climate. It can also change rapidly, especially if the societal expectations are disrupted by new discoveries or influences. The fashion industry has become a major source of employment worldwide. People can be employed as designers, models, or manufacturers. In addition, people can be employed in the marketing or promotion of fashion products. Many of these jobs are high-paying. However, the fashion industry has been accused of exploiting and encouraging materialism among its consumers. Throughout history, fashion has been used as an expression of individuality and solidarity with other groups of people. Fashions have been influenced by music and other forms of culture, such as dance, art, and politics. Fashion can also be defined as a form of personal adornment, including makeup, jewelry, and other items that accentuate a person’s appearance. A clothing manufacturer or designer must decide what materials to use for a particular fashion. In some cases, the choice of fabric is dictated by the seasons and weather. In other cases, the choice is based on the preferences of the buyer or client. The fashion designer must consider the budget and availability of the material, as well as its durability and ease of sewing. After a fashion is chosen, the fabric must be cut and sewn to create a garment. The finished product must then be tested to see how it fits on the body of a model. The fabric can then be altered, as needed, to improve its fit and to make it more appealing to the customer. The alterations may include reworking the color, adding buttons or other details, or replacing the zippers or belt loops. The finished product is then presented to the public for approval. This can be done through fashion shows, newspapers and magazines, or online. The fashion designer is then responsible for determining whether the garment is a hit or a miss. It is important to know that a fashion’s life cycle has 5 stages: Introduction, Runway, Mainstream, and End of Trend. This helps the fashion designer or manufacturer decide whether to invest in a particular fashion and how long to market it. A fashion must be embraced by the majority of the population to be considered a trend. People who snub or mock a trendy look are often called “fashion victims.” Some people are able to identify a trend before it becomes popular, and some can predict how a fashion will move through the stages. For example, TikTok stars Sir Bucks and Janina Neoral, aka the fashion couple, have predicted that double denim jeans will make a comeback in 2019. They are backed up by other fashion experts who say that feather trims on jackets will also return. In addition, bell-bottom jeans have already made a comeback on the runway and in retail stores.

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What Is Perfume?

A perfume is a liquid containing fragranced natural oils extracted from flowers, herbs, woods and other substances or similar synthetic oils. It is used to elicit an agreeable or attractive odor, especially on the skin. Originally, the word referred to a mixture of distilled flowers or other natural products that imparted a distinctive smell, and later came to mean a specific perfume composition. Often, the word is also used to describe an aroma that emanates from oneself or another person. Perfumes are usually formulated to be long-lasting, but their scent may diminish over time. This is due to the interaction between the scent and the body’s chemistry, and the perfume will become less noticeable as the day progresses. There are many ways to classify a perfume’s scent components, and manufacturers will often publish these in a so-called “fragrance pyramid.” Perfumes are generally classified by the dominant odour they emit. The most common family is the floral group, whose aromas are derived from such fragrant flowers as rose, jasmine, gardenia and lily of the valley. Others include spices such as carnation, cinnamon and nutmeg, or aromatic woods like cedarwood and sandalwood. Still others are based on herbaceous scents such as lavender, basil and mint, or the aroma of a moss. The ingredients of perfume are largely natural, but some are synthesized in laboratory settings to provide fragrances that cannot be obtained from natural sources. For example, calone, a compound that possesses fresh ozonous metallic marine notes, is a popular synthetic ingredient in modern perfumes. Likewise, certain essential oils are synthesized to imitate the odours of flowers that cannot be extracted in great quantities commercially, such as orchids. In addition, synthetic aromatics are used to emulate the scent of things that are hard or impossible to distill for commercial production, such as ylang ylang, tuberose and vanilla. The perfume industry is highly secretive, and olfactory tests to determine whether or not a prospective scent is a success are carried out behind closed doors. Some people are sensitive to perfumes and will have allergic reactions. These can range from mild to severe, and there are many different types of odours that can cause allergies. Some people are even unable to smell some perfumes at all. Aside from the obvious health and safety concerns, some research suggests that perfumes may have a negative effect on the environment and some are suspected of contributing to the greenhouse effect. Some researchers have also found that the chemicals used in perfumes can be irritating to the respiratory system and skin, and could lead to other health problems. Nonetheless, it remains important to find a perfume that you enjoy and feel comfortable wearing.

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The Ultimate Guidebook to Togel Hong Kong: Checking out HK Keluaran, Information, and Pengeluaran

Welcome to the very last term manual to exploring Togel Hong Kong, the location we delve into the fascinating entire world of HK Keluaran, info investigation, and pengeluaran tendencies. Togel Hong Kong, also identified as togel HK, is a well-liked kind of lottery recreation in Hong Kong that has captivated the eye of equally locals and fanatics worldwide. In this complete post, we’ll give you beneficial insights into the intricacies of Togel Hong Kong, collectively with knowing keluaran HK (HK output), analyzing expertise HK (HK information), and being up-to-date with the newest pengeluaran HK (HK output). No matter whether you are a seasoned togel participant or a curious newcomer, this data objectives to equip you with the essential information to enhance your comprehending and skills of Togel Hong Kong. So, let us embark on this enthralling journey and unlock the strategies and techniques driving this charming match. Knowing Togel Hong Kong Togel Hong Kong, or abbreviated as Togel HK, is a properly-appreciated variety of lottery sport that originates from Hong Kong. It has acquired huge recognition amongst players who reward from the thrilling knowledge of trying their luck in productive substantial funds prizes. A essential side of Togel HK is the concept of keluaran HK, which refers to the conclude result or result of the lottery draw. This is eagerly awaited by associates as it determines whether they have successfully matched the effective numbers and won a prize. data hk The keluaran HK, also named the end result of the attract, is typically executed on a predetermined timetable. To enhance the match’s transparency and fairness, info HK is equipped to gamers. This knowledge involves the historic info and statistical details related to before draws, these kinds of simply because the profitable quantities, prize payouts, and other associated particulars. Examining the info HK can assist avid gamers in analyzing tendencies or patterns, enabling them to make added knowledgeable alternatives when deciding on their numbers. Yet another phrase carefully associated to Togel HK is pengeluaran HK, which refers once again to the act of saying or publishing the lottery results. The pengeluaran HK serves as an official platform for disseminating the outcome of the draw to the public. This ensures that the approach remains very clear, enabling individuals to verify the outcomes and assert their prizes, if appropriate. Knowing the fundamentals of Togel Hong Kong, such as keluaran HK, data HK, and pengeluaran HK, is critical for folks who want to interact in this fascinating lottery match. By being educated and employing the out there knowledge, players can improve their possibilities of lucrative and enhance their general Togel HK expertise. Discovering HK Keluaran When it arrives to checking out HK Keluaran, there are plenty of exciting options to uncover the newest togel hongkong results. Whether or not you happen to be a seasoned participant or just commencing out, sustaining with keluaran hk is vital to stay within the loop. The keluaran hk or HK result’s the end result of the togel hongkong draw. It reveals the lucrative quantities and any additional information that may possibly be valuable, this sort of as particular recreation versions or jackpot prizes. By often examining the keluaran hk, you may be ready to keep keep an eye on of the newest worthwhile figures and gauge your prospects of currently being a lucky winner. To entry the keluaran hk, you presumably can visit trusted internet sites or platforms committed to offering this information. These platforms normally screen the newest HK output along with historic information, enabling you to research developments and designs. By obtaining out the data hk, you possibly can obtain insights which may possibly permit you to make further informed picks when taking part in togel hongkong. Trying to keep an eye fixed on the pengeluaran hk just isn’t exclusively valuable for gamers but moreover for specialists in the area. Scientists, mathematicians, and statisticians typically depend on pengeluaran hk to check out and examine the results. They analyze the data hk to establish likely techniques, calculate odds, and improve their chances of predicting potential final results. In summary, discovering HK Keluaran is an critical aspect of partaking with the planet of togel hongkong. By keeping up to day with keluaran hk, players can notice the lucrative numbers and make educated alternatives. Simultaneously, scientists and experts depend on pengeluaran hk to review and analyze the information to produce approaches and forecast attainable results. Analyzing Information and Pengeluaran In this part, we will delve into the approach of analyzing knowledge and pengeluaran in Togel Hong Kong. By analyzing the keluaran hk and information hk, we will obtain priceless insights and make educated predictions. To begin with, it really is important to gather proper and up-to-day understanding hk. This information involves the earlier attract final results, developments, frequencies, and any other connected info. By studying this information, we can set up designs and developments that may help us in predicting long term final results. Next, pengeluaran hk refers to the act of drawing the successful quantities and asserting them to the widespread community. It is vital to study these pengeluaran to grasp the frequency of specific numbers showing up as profitable numbers. By undertaking so, we are in a position to identify potential scorching quantities which have the next opportunity of being drawn in foreseeable future appeals to. Lastly, examining the information hk and pengeluaran hk with each other […]

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The Rise of Akun Pro: Unveiling Thailand’s On the web Phenomenon

In latest many years, Thailand has witnessed an amazing development in its on the internet landscape. One particular particular phenomenon that has taken the region by storm is the increase of &quotakun pro,&quot a term that has become synonymous with online experience and affect. From numerous corners of the country, people with specialised expertise and capabilities have emerged to command a substantial pursuing and capitalize on the electricity of electronic platforms. Akun professional, which interprets to &quotprofessional account,&quot encapsulates a assorted selection of fields and places of experience. Whether or not it is trend, attractiveness, vacation, health and fitness, or even home Diy, there is an akun pro for nearly anything you can believe of. These individuals have efficiently leveraged social media channels and on the internet platforms to share their passion, expertise, and experiences with an ever-developing audience. As a outcome, they have not only gained unparalleled popularity but have also recognized them selves as bona fide trendsetters and trustworthy sources of details. What sets akun professional aside is their potential to captivate and interact their followers via persuasive articles. From stunning visuals to charming storytelling and expert guidance, these on the internet influencers have mastered the artwork of crafting a digital presence that resonates with their audience. Driving the scenes, they invest significant time and effort into investigation and staying up-to-day with the newest developments in their respective fields, ensuring that the articles they provide is not only insightful but also cutting-edge. As the reputation of akun professional carries on to soar, firms, brands, and even public figures have recognized the immense value they bring. Collaborations, endorsements, and partnerships have turn into commonplace, with akun pro serving as conduits for advertising goods, services, and ordeals. Their capacity to influence customer actions and condition trends cannot be underestimated. The increase of akun pro in Thailand represents a change in the way folks consume and interact with material. These on-line phenomenons have tapped into the collective need for authentic voices and reliable sources of information in an more and more electronic planet. Whether or not it truly is looking for tips, being up-to-day with the newest trends, or merely in search of inspiration, akun pro has undoubtedly grow to be an integral element of the Thai on-line encounter. https://www.assateaguedinerandbar.com/ The Origins of Akun Pro Akun Pro, a fascinating on the internet phenomenon in Thailand, has been quickly attaining acceptance and capturing the interest of netizens across the nation. This distinctive trend has taken the digital landscape by storm, revolutionizing the way folks interact and engage with on-line platforms. At its main, Akun Pro emerged as a reaction to the growing desire for folks to curate their on the web existence. It all started when tech-savvy internet consumers in Thailand commenced to experiment with their social media accounts, in search of to increase their electronic profiles and create a more attractive on the web persona. Thus, the concept of Akun Pro was born – an abbreviation of the phrase &quotAccount Expert&quot. Akun Professional accounts are characterised by meticulous attention to element, with each facet of their online existence meticulously crafted to project a polished and attractive picture. From eye-catching profile pictures to thoughtfully curated content material, these accounts depart no stone unturned in their quest for digital perfection. It is this devotion to presenting the best model of oneself that has captivated the Thai on the web neighborhood and led to the increase of this intriguing trend. As the desire for Akun Professional accounts grew, so did the assist infrastructure surrounding them. A specialized niche marketplace of graphic designers, photographers, and content creators emerged, offering their providers to support people in generating and preserving their Akun Professional accounts. This ecosystem of experts assisted gasoline the trend’s popularity, enabling even the significantly less tech-savvy to partake in this electronic revolution. The origins of Akun Pro lie in the want to stand out and make a long lasting perception in the extensive sea of on the web profiles. The phenomenon has undeniably reshaped the way Thai netizens perceive and current on their own on social media platforms. As we delve further into the globe of Akun Pro, we uncover the inner workings of this on the internet feeling and explore its affect on the electronic landscape of Thailand. The Recognition of Akun Professional Akun Pro has taken Thailand by storm, fascinating the on the internet community with its climbing reputation. This on-line phenomenon has obtained immense traction, drawing a significant following across a variety of platforms. From passionate discussions to viral tendencies, Akun Pro’s influence can be felt throughout the electronic landscape. The appeal of Akun Professional lies in its ability to provide valuable insights and expertise on a broad selection of topics. No matter whether it is fashion ideas, journey recommendations, or technological advancements, Akun Pro delivers content material that resonates with its audience. The depth of knowledge and the participating presentation fashion of the creators have undoubtedly contributed to their expanding popularity. Moreover, the interactive character of Akun Pro has played a important part in its accomplishment. The system encourages lively participation from its followers, fostering a sense of community and collaboration. It is not uncommon to find energetic debates, constructive discussions, and beneficial exchanges of info inside the Akun Pro local community. As the on the internet landscape carries on to evolve, Akun Professional has firmly proven by itself as […]

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Cracking the Code: Unveiling the Excitement of Live SGP Draw & Results

Are you ready for an adrenaline-pumping experience like no other? Get ready to dive into the electrifying world of the Live SGP Draw and Results! Singapore Pools brings you the thrill of witnessing the live draw of SGP, the enchanting game that holds the potential to turn your dreams into reality. Brace yourself for the anticipation, as you join countless others in eagerly awaiting the announcement of the winning numbers. With each draw, the excitement grows, igniting a sense of wonder and possibility within us all. Whether you’re a seasoned player or new to the game, there’s nothing quite like the thrill of the live draw SGP, where the fate of fortunes is unveiled before your very eyes. Singapore Pools’ dedication to transparency and fairness is exemplified in their commitment to broadcasting the live SGP draw. As the numbers are selected, the air crackles with anticipation, and spectators hold their breath in hopes of striking it lucky. The live SGP result unveils the winning digits, instantly igniting a storm of emotions, from exultation to anticipation and even the tiniest sense of disappointment. This one-of-a-kind experience allows players to witness the magic unfold in real time, ensuring that every draw is truly an unforgettable moment. So, prepare to immerse yourself in the enchantment of the live draw Singapore Pools. Follow the SGP draw results with bated breath, as each new outcome holds the potential to transform your life. This is the essence of the Singapore Pools experience – a captivating blend of possibility, suspense, and the joy of an incredible win. Get ready to crack the code and uncover a world filled with excitement and endless possibilities. The next SGP draw awaits, and it could be your moment to shine! Understanding Live SGP Draw Process The live SGP draw process is an exciting event that takes place regularly, providing enthusiasts with the thrill of witnessing the drawing of winning numbers in real time. It offers an interactive and transparent way for participants to be part of the Singapore Pools’ lottery experience. During the live SGP draw, a carefully designed and secure random number generator is used to determine the winning numbers. This ensures that the outcome is completely unbiased and fair. The entire draw process is closely monitored to maintain the integrity of the results. Singapore Pools goes to great lengths to ensure the authenticity and accuracy of the live SGP draw. The draw is conducted in a public venue, and multiple layers of security measures are in place to prevent any tampering or manipulation. This guarantees that every participant has an equal chance of winning. By broadcasting the live SGP draw online, Singapore Pools allows players to not only witness the draw but also to immediately check the results for themselves. This enhances the level of engagement and excitement as participants eagerly await the announcement of the winning numbers. The live SGP draw is a testament to Singapore Pools’ commitment to providing a transparent and accountable lottery experience. By understanding and appreciating the meticulous process behind it, participants can fully enjoy the thrill of the live draw and the unveiling of the SGP results. Anticipation and Excitement of Live SGP Results The anticipation surrounding the live SGP draw is palpable, as fans eagerly await the unveiling of the results. This highly anticipated event brings together people from all walks of life, united in their excitement to witness the outcome firsthand. The live draw SGP has become a thrilling experience, captivating the audience with its electrifying atmosphere. As the moment approaches, the air is filled with a sense of exhilaration. Spectators eagerly gather around their screens, their eyes fixated on the live SGP draw. The tension in the room is tangible, as each number that is revealed adds to the mounting anticipation. The live nature of the draw intensifies the experience, as viewers hang on to every second, eagerly awaiting the next ball to be drawn. Singapore Pools, the organizer of the live draw SGP, understands the importance of creating an immersive and engaging experience for its audience. live draw sgp have seamlessly integrated technology and entertainment to showcase the live SGP draw in a way that truly captivates. Through live streaming and interactive features, spectators are able to participate in the excitement, creating a shared experience that transcends physical boundaries. The moment the final number is drawn and the live SGP results are revealed, a collective eruption of emotions fills the room. Joy, disappointment, and anticipation for the next draw all intertwine in this moment of thrilling revelation. The excitement of the live SGP draw lingers long after the event has concluded, as people eagerly analyze the results, strategize for future draws, and eagerly anticipate the next live draw SGP. Navigating Singapore Pools for Live Draw and Result Updates When it comes to keeping up with the excitement of live SGP draws and getting the latest results, Singapore Pools is the place to be. With their user-friendly interface and comprehensive coverage, navigating Singapore Pools for live draw and result updates has never been easier. At Singapore Pools, you can experience the thrill of watching the live draw SGP right from the comfort of your own home. No need to wait anxiously for the results to be announced elsewhere – Singapore Pools brings the draw to you in real-time. Whether you’re a seasoned player or new to the game, witnessing the […]

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Angels and Demons: How Victoria’s Secret Lost Its Sex Appeal

For decades, Victoria’s Secret was the mall lingerie giant, a company that defined feminine beauty through its blatantly sexy ads and runway shows. But in recent years, the brand has fallen from grace as it has been accused of fat-shaming, body shaming, and promoting a culture of misogyny that allegedly bled into the lives of its models. This year, the company’s sales dropped by more than $2 billion and was the subject of a three-part documentary series on Hulu called “Victoria’s Secret: Angels and Demons.” After a series of public scandals, the company has been struggling to find its way in the new normal of women’s empowerment, diversity, and corporate wokeness. But even as the company continues its multiyear pivot away from unsubtle sex appeal, it still seems to be missing something crucial: trust. In the early days of the company, founder Leslie Wexner built a brand inspired by a tasteful, educated British lady and decorated its stores to evoke Victorian boudoirs. But by the late 1990s, that image had contorted into a raunchier one that met the appetite of a generation of women seeking to reclaim their sexuality and embrace body positivity. This is when the iconic Angels were born: supermodels like Stephanie Seymour, Heidi Klum, and Gisele Bundchen, bombshells trussed up in lace and satin and mesh in high-concept, high-budget commercials and fashion shows. The idea was that if you looked like an Angel, you might be sexy enough to snag yourself a wealthy husband, or even become a Victoria’s Secret mogul like Wexner himself. That image dominated the catalogs and even made its way onto the bathroom TVs in store bathrooms, but the company changed course after Sharen Jester Turney became CEO of the catalogue division and pushed for a more Vogue-like aesthetic to replace Playboy-inspired ones. During Turney’s nine-year tenure, the company’s business thrived, and in 2006 she was promoted to CEO of the whole company. She brought Victoria’s Secret into the modern era and created its PINK line, which is designed to appeal to younger female consumers. She also diversified the model pool to include women of all ages, ethnicities, and body shapes. But despite those efforts, the company remains viewed with suspicion by many consumers. A recent study found that 80% of shoppers could not identify the Victoria’s Secret models in ads, and the company has been losing customers to competitors as a result. In addition, the company is being hit with complaints that its prices are too high, according to a report from Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Now, with the help of a diverse group of new faces and a revamped marketing campaign featuring athletes, actors, and musicians—including Hailey Bieber, Priyanka Chopra, and country singer Brittany Spencer—the company is trying to change its image once again. In October, the company will be unveiling a new campaign called “Undefinable” that features women of all sizes and backgrounds in natural-looking lingerie, and it will feature a rotating cast of VS Collective members, including mental health advocate Hailey Baldwin, tennis star Naomi Osaka, plus-size model Paloma Elsesser, and sports stars Megan Rapinoe and Eileen Gu.

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Women’s Perfume – A Small But Enduring Piece of Art

Fragrance is one of the most personal beauty products out there, a simple spritz can boost confidence and set the mood for an evening or a day. It’s also a beautiful, often overlooked accessory that can evoke memories and emotions at a glance. Whether it’s an ode to a favorite author, a callback to classic literature or a poetic ode to nature, the best perfume for women is more than just a smell—it’s a small but enduring piece of art. When you pick the right scent, it’s like a little piece of you that goes with you everywhere. Choosing your signature fragrance is a delicate task that requires a bit of research and experimentation. Depending on your preference, you may want to choose a feminine floral scent, an aromatic fresh perfume or something more sophisticated and sexy. Luckily, Belk’s selection of perfume for women has everything you need to find the perfect fragrance. Floral perfume for women is a timeless choice that never goes out of style. The natural beauty of flowers has been a muse to artists and designers since time immemorial, and these perfumes are as romantic as they are sophisticated. For those who want a subtle and elegant floral perfume, Chanel Coco Mademoiselle is a top pick. This high-end perfume has a powdery, sheer sensibility that’s utterly timeless and has become the epitome of femininity. Another popular perfume for women is Gucci Bloom, a luscious scent that’s both delicate and wild. This women’s perfume features meticulously-extracted ingredients like Indian-grown tuberose and exquisite jasmine bud extract. It’s a delicate and sophisticated scent that’s a perfect choice for a spring garden party or an afternoon under the sun. Other popular scents are fruity perfume for women and musky perfume for women. The fresh and zesty scents of this perfume are reminiscent of a summer morning by the ocean or a springtime stroll through the park. These fragrances are perfect for casual dates, outdoor adventures and any other day that calls for a little sunshine. Spicy perfumes for women can add an instant boost of confidence. This bold fragrance from Tom Ford is the perfect balance of sensuality and power, and it can leave an impression that lasts for hours. This perfume for women has a deep base of amber, sandalwood and musk that’s balanced with smooth vanilla and lavender. When spraying perfume, it’s important to remember to apply it on the warmest parts of your body. These areas include the wrists, neck, inside of elbows and back of the knees. By applying the perfume on these warmest areas, you’ll amplify and diffuse the scent, leaving it with a more concentrated and lasting effect. Using a light mist, apply the perfume just enough to leave a trail of your unique scent behind. For added longevity, make sure to apply your perfume before you get dressed and before you move around too much. For an extra dose of opulence, try a scented body oil as well.

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What Is Fragrance?

Fragrance or perfume is a mixture of chemicals that have pleasant or distinctive smells. It consists of essential oils or aromatic chemicals, and may also contain fixatives to slow the evaporation rate. It can be applied to the skin or ingested. Modern perfumes and colognes usually contain several hundred ingredients. Some of these are natural; others are synthetic. Many of the scent components in a perfume are named after the plant or animal that is derived from or created to imitate its smell. The industry uses several different classification systems to classify perfumes and colognes, including scent family and scent family subtype, as well as more general categories such as floral, oriental, woody, or citrus. Fragrances have been used by both men and women for thousands of years. The Egyptians used perfume for ritual purposes, and the Etruscans wore scented oils to mark social status. In the Renaissance, perfume was considered an art form and even a symbol of femininity. It was commonly believed that wearing perfume could prevent illness, and a perfume bottle was often placed in the grave of a dead woman to accompany her into the afterlife. In the mid-nineteenth century, however, germ theory gained support and perfumes fell out of favor with the public. The public image of perfume shifted from being a symbol of beauty to being an indication of filth. As a result, perfume use became more modest among men of higher social standing. By the early twentieth century, only prostitutes and those of lower social status wore perfumes. The ingredients in a perfume are blended according to the fragrance company’s brief, which is a description of what they want the perfume to smell like. The perfumer must create a fragrance that meets this brief while balancing the perfume’s concentration. This can be a difficult task because the composition is highly volatile, and the perfume will change dramatically with body temperature changes. A perfume’s ingredients include top notes, middle notes and base notes. Top notes are the light scents that are perceived immediately after a perfume is applied and evaporate quickly. Middle notes are the middle of a perfume’s structure and appear just prior to the top note’s departure from the skin. Base notes are the deeper scents that linger for 30 minutes or more and provide depth to a perfume. Unlike the natural perfumes of old, most of the scent ingredients in contemporary perfumes are manufactured through chemical processes. In the past, important natural perfume components were sourced from animals such as whales and civet cats; now, the scents of these animal oils can be mimicked using synthetic molecules. These chemical compounds are often referred to as “notes” in a perfume because they are an accord of the scent that is repeated throughout the perfume. For example, the molecule calone imparts a fresh ozonous metallic marine scent and is found in many fragrances. Regardless of the source of their odorants, all perfume ingredients must be carefully screened for safety. The fragrance industry maintains a rigorous system of self-regulatory quality assurance, based on the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM).

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